Crossmodal Cognition Laboratory

Please go to the above link for the most up-to-date information!

Starting 1 September 2012 I am Senior Lecturer in Psychology at the University of Bath, and Visiting Senior Lecturer in Electronic Engineering at Queen Mary University of London!


PI: Michael J Proulx, PhD, Senior Lecturer in Psychology

Achille Pasqualotto, PhD, Marie Curie Postdoctoral Research Associate

Dave Brown, MRes, Postgraduate Student (PhD)

Navid Hajimirza, co-supervised Postgraduate Student (PhD in EECS with the Multimedia and Vision Research Group)

Mu-Yun Wang, co-supervised Postgraduate Student (PhD in Biology with the Chittka Lab)

Vivek Nityananda, PhD, Human Frontier Postdoctoral Research Associate (co-supervised with the Chittka Lab)

Research Interests

My primary interest in psychology is cognition. Vision provides a convenient window into how the brain processes information because it is a well described sensory system at the physiological level and seems to be the most dominant sensory modality at the psychological level. At any given moment, more light is entering the retina from all areas of the visual field than can be processed. The world is full of non-visual sensory information as well. The auditory system can localize sounds; the tactile system can identify objects by shape. My research has advanced from first examining cognition and attentional control within the visual system to now examine how multisensory processing contributes to perception and cognition. Working with blind individuals in particular helps to reveal the role of visual experience for cognition and how the "visual" parts of the brain process other information in the absence of visual input. Much of this work has used a 'sensory-substitution' device (called ‘The vOICe’) that provides visual information by translating visual input into sound. I therefore study multiple sensory modalities and utilize multiple methods to best understand the psychological and neural underpinnings of cognition in human and non-human animals through collaborative studies on bees, zebra fish, and non-human primates.


  • Pasqualotto, A. & Proulx, M. J. (in press). The role of visual experience for the neural basis of spatial cognition. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews.
  • Haji Mirza, S. N., Proulx, M. J., & Izquierdo, E. (in press). Reading users' minds from their eyes for implicit image annotationIEEE Transactions on Multimedia.
  • Proulx, M. J. & Green, M. (2011). Does apparent size capture attention in visual search? Evidence from the Müller-Lyer illusionJournal of Vision, 11(13):21, 1-6,, doi:10.1167/11.13.21.
  • Proulx, M. J. (2011). Consciousness: what, why and howScience, 332, 1034-1035.
  • Proulx, M. J. (2011). Individual differences and metacognitive knowledge of visual search strategyPLoS ONE, 6, e27043. 
  • Proulx, M. J. (2010). Size matters: Large objects capture attention in visual search. PLoS ONE, 5, e15293.
  • Proulx, M. J. (2010). Synthetic synaesthesia and sensory substitution. Consciousness and Cognition, 19, 501-503.
  • Zehetleitner, M., Proulx, M. J., & Mueller, H. J. (2009). Additional singleton interference in efficient visual search: a common salience route for detection and compound tasks. Attention, Perception & Psychophysics, 71, 1760-1770.
  • Proulx, M. J., & Harder, A. (2008). Sensory Substitution. Visual-to-auditory sensory substitution devices for the blind. Dutch Journal of Ergonomics/ Tijdschrift voor Ergonomie, 33, 20-22. 
  • Liang, M., van Leeuwen, T. M., & Proulx, M. J. (2008). Propagation of brain activity during audiovisual integration. The Journal of Neuroscience, 28, 8861-8862.
  • Proulx, M. J., Stoerig, P., Ludowig, E., & Knoll, I. (2008). Seeing “where” through the ears: Effects of learning-by-doing and long-term sensory deprivation on localization based on image-to-sound substitution. PLoS ONE, 3, e1840.
  • Proulx, M. J. & Egeth, H. E. (2008). Biased-competition and visual search: the role of luminance and size contrast. Psychological Research, 72, 106-113.
  • Homa, D., Proulx, M. J., & Blair, M. (2008). The modulating influence of category size on the classification of exception patterns. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 61, 425-443.
  • Proulx, M. J. (2007). Turning on the spotlight: Do attention and luminance contrast affect neuronal responses in the same way? The Journal of Neuroscience, 27, 13043-13044.
  • Proulx, M. J. (2007). Bottom-up guidance in visual search for conjunctionsJournal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception & Performance, 33, 48-56.
  • Proulx, M. J. & Stoerig, P. (2006). Seeing sounds and tingling tongues: Qualia in synaesthesia and sensory substitution. Anthropology & Philosophy, 7, 135-151.
  • Proulx, M. J. & Serences, J. T. (2006). Searching for an oddball: neural correlates of singleton detection mode in parietal cortex. The Journal of Neuroscience, 26,12631-12632.
  • Proulx, M. J. & Egeth, H. E. (2006). Target-nontarget similarity modulates stimulus driven control in visual search. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 13, 524-529.