The ERG theory is based on the work of Maslow...
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- Alderfer, Clayton P. An empirical test of a new theory of human needs. Organizational Behavior & Human Performance. Vol 4(2),1969, 142-17
- Dickinson, Gail Krepps. A new look at job satisfaction. Library Administration and Management 2002 Vol.16, No.1, 2002
p.30 - Comparison Chart of Maslow, Alderfer, and Herzberg
library managers are familiar with the job satisfaction theories of
Maslow and Hertzberg. Alderfer's existence, relatedness, and growth
(ERG) theory is an approach that is rarely discussed in most management
literature. Yet, ERG categories can be applied readily to the more
team-based library workplace, and the implications of ERG theory can be
successful in problem-solving in today's libraries. This article
discusses the background of ERG theory and some potential applications
in library management. "Do you like your job?" is a question that is
asked and answered throughout our lives. Generally, it's a question
that we often answer with a simple "yes" or "no," in much the same way
as saying, "Fine," in answer to "How are you?" However, if the question
"Are you satisfied with your job?" was posed, our answers would become
more thoughtful, more complicated, and reveal more than a simple "yes"
or "no." Job satisfaction is a complex issue that goes beyond the
simple surface question to a deeper understanding of why and how we
work. It goes beyond workforce production to workforce dynamics, to
what our involvement in work can give us emotionally as well as
materially. For library administrators, job satisfaction is one key to
a more motivating and productive workplace. Working with satisfied and
motivated employees can create a satisfying work environment for
managers as well. Most administrators are familiar with the basic
motivation literature studied in management classes, especially
Maslow's need hierarchy and Herzberg's hygiene-motivator factor theory.
Alderfer is a less familiar and often overlooked job satisfaction
theorist, but his work on ERG theory may have more direct application
to today's workplace than Maslow or Herzberg. This article reviews
Alderfer's theories in the context of site-based, team-driven
workplaces found in today's libraries.