99. Have you experienced the following problem in the first two weeks and one month after birth?
Many women have physical concerns after giving birth. How much of a new problem, that is, how different from something you may have experienced during or before pregnancy -- were the following in the first two months after birth? Remember, if you have given birth more than once, please answer the questions as they pertain to the most recent time you gave birth. Was it a major new problem, a minor new problem, or not a new problem?
a. Painful perineum (tissue between the vagina and anus)
Painful perineum (tissue between the vagina and anus)
b. Sore nipples/Breast tenderness
Sore nipples/Breast tenderness
c. Other breastfeeding problems (such as latch or milk supply)
Other breastfeeding problems (such as latch or milk supply)
d. Heavy bleeding
e. Urinary problems (such as loss of bladder control or difficulty urinating)
Urinary problems (such as loss of bladder control or difficulty urinating)
f. Bowel problem
h. Physical exhaustion
i. Feelings of depression
j. Feeling stressed
l. Frequent headache
m. Lack of sexual desire
n. Painful intercourse
Note: In Japan, women are often advised by professionals not to have sexual intercourse during the first one month after birth. The majority of this Japanese sample was women around one month after birth; therefore, the Japanese women were unlikely to have sexual intercourse since childbirth.
o. Weight control
p. High blood pressure
q. Forearm Tenontothecitis
r. Pain or itching at cesarean incision
Pain at site of cesarean incision
s. Numbness at cesarean incision site
100. In the first one month after birth, how much did pain interfere with your routine activities?（Ｃ）
In the first two months after birth, how much did pain interfere with your routine activities?
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