Izvor pakline - šmira (Naftni bunar Martin")   Pitch source

   

 

Moslavina se ubraja među naša
najstarija nalazišta pakline(nafte). Naziv paklina nalazimo u upotrebi od pamtivijeka, u Mezopotamiji, Egiptu i zemljama Bliskog istoka, a označavao je rudu koja je zapravo jedan oblik skrutnute nafte tamne boje.


U svakodnevnoj upotrebi riječ paklina je dobila religijsko značenje, "pakao", "pekel", jer tamo u unutrašnjosti obitava "crni đavao". Prvi zapisi o korištenju pakline u ovim krajevima su nastali za vrijeme postojanja pavlinskog samostana Bela Crkva. Od sredine 19.stoljeća se paklina vadi i prodaje. Tada su ju zvali kolomaz ili šmir, a mjesto pakiranja šmirana. Paklina se vadila iz rupa u zemlji pomoću užeta u posudama. Ovaj izvor je zatvoren s drvenim poklopcem i ograđen drvenom ogradom. Sa strane se paklina cijedi nizbrdo prema potoku. Moslavina is one of the oldest finding of oil. Name 'šmir' you can find in Mesopotamia, Egypt and in Middle East and it was ore which is actually shape of dark color solid oil. Word ''paklina'' gets religious meaning "hell", because there was ''black devil'' inside. First written documents about pitch were written during Pauline monastery "Bela Crkva" time.
In middle of 19th century pitch had been extracted and sold. People called it ''kolomaz'' or ''šmir'', and place was called "šmirana". Pitch was extracted by containers which were attached by ropes. The source is closed with wooden cover and enclosed by wooden fence. You can see the other source arm down to hill to creek.



Kutinski izviđači su uredili poučnu stazu "Naftni bunar Martin". Na poučnoj stazi su postavljene poučne table na kojima se može pročitati o povijesti korištenja nafte u Moslavini. Do početka staze se može doći asfaltnom cestom od G. Gračenice. U Ciglenici se skrene u ulicu Pakljenača. Na počektu ulice počinje staza. Ide se asfaltom do kraja. Dalje makadamskom cestom do potoka. Prije potoka desno u šumu do Naftnog bunara Martin. Od bunara uzbrdo šumom do zemljanog puta. Dalje desno putom do početka staze.
Scouts from Kutina made ​​learning trail around the source. The trail starts at the beginning of the street Paklenjača. You can go there by asphalt road from G. Gračenica. In village Ciglenica turn in Pakljenjača street. Path goes until the end of the paved road. Further on the macadam road to the creek. The path here turns into a forest. To the source is 20 m. The path goes uphill from the source to the dirt road. There turns right and goes with dirt road to the start of the path.
There are a few educational tables on the path.
Karta staze te table na stazi:
Map of the path: