When the volunteer members of the Wind Subcommittee were researching the topic in order to write an ordinance to regulate industrial wind turbines in our town, they concurrently prepared a document of their findings, aptly named Findings and Rationale.
This document is not part of the ordinance, but it is nevertheless a useful document to read because it shows the reasoning behind the choices and recommendations they made in the Ordinance. Since it is a public document, and a useful one, we thought we should make it available here.
What follows below, could be called the preamble. Note the abbreviation WTG = Wind Turbine Generators
FINDINGS AND RATIONALEGuiding principle: “A subset of society should not be forced to bear the cost of a benefit for the larger society”. Via Kamperman and James, from George S. Hawkins, Esq., “One Page Takings Summary: U.S. Constitution and Local Land Use”, Stony Brook-Millstone Watershed Association; “...nor shall private property be taken for public use, without just compensation.” Fifth Amendment, US Constitution.
As part of its mandate to develop a WTG ordinance, the Montville Wind Turbine Sub-Committee reviewed upwards of 100 documents. These documents included professional papers, white papers, including peer reviewed scientific and medical studies of the effects of WTGs on nearby populations. The available evidence is abundant and credible. A partial listing of these reference materials can be found in Part III Bibliography.
There is a perceived lack of concern at the state level for the well-being of residents in rural communities. The following is from Kamperman and James:
When Wisconsin’s Town of Union wind turbine committee made an open records request to find out the scientific basis for the sound levels and setbacks in the state’s draft model ordinance, it found that no scientific or medical data was used at all. Review of the meeting minutes provided under the request showed that the limits had been set by Task Force members representing the wind industry. This may explain why state level committees or task forces have drafted ordinances with upper limits of 50 dBA or higher instead of the much lower limits applied to similar projects in other countries. There is, in fact, no independent scientific or medical support for claims that locating 400 foot tall wind turbines as close as 1000 feet (or less) to non-participating properties will not create noise disturbances or other risks. But, there is considerable independent research supporting that this will result in public health risks and other negative impacts on people and property.