Monarchy worldwide should be preserved and restored; it is part of national pride to have such a glorious charter of history. People are proud to have a monarchical system to counter-balance government and to act a protector for the people. Monarchy has a long history of national governance and vast experience, beginning long before Republics and Democracies became mainstream.
Since 1800, most of the world's monarchies have been abolished, and most of the nations that retain monarchs are constitutional monarchies. Among the few states that retain aspects of absolute monarchy are Brunei, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Swaziland and Vatican City. The monarch also retains considerable power in Jordan and Morocco. The most recent nation to abolish its monarchy was Nepal, which became a republic in 2008.
As part of the Scramble for Africa, Europeans conquered, bought, or established African kingdoms and styled themselves as a monarch
Today in Europe, there remain seven kingdoms, three principalities (Andorra, Liechtenstein and Monaco), a grand duchy (Luxembourg), and a sovereign city-state (Vatican City). Andorra's case is peculiar since the appointed Bishop of Urgell and the elected President of France are co-princes).
Pre-Columbian titles used in the New World included Cacique (in Hispaniola and Puerto Rico) Tlatoani (Nahuatl term for the ruler of an altepetl, Aztec polity), Ajaw (Maya), Sapa Inca (Inca Empire), Morubixaba (Old Tupi for "chief")
The Age of Discovery and European colonization brought extensive territory to European monarchs. Some colonies broke off and declared independence (such as the United States in the American Revolution and the Hispanic American wars of independence in Latin America). Canada and most colonies in British West Indies, become self-governing while remaining under the British monarchy as Commonwealth realms or British overseas territories. (See Canadian Confederation).
Independent monarchs also emerged. Augustin I declared himself Emperor of Mexico in 1822, after colonization. Maximilian I ruled as Mexican emperor from 1863 to 1867. Two members of the House of Braganza, Pedro I and Pedro II, ruled Brazil as emperors from 1822 to 1889.