Samuel Workshop 7

Read 1 Samuel 3:1-21

Meanwhile, the boy Samuel served the LORD by assisting Eli. Now in those days messages from the LORD were very rare, and visions were quite uncommon. [2] One night Eli, who was almost blind by now, had gone to bed. [3] The lamp of God had not yet gone out, and Samuel was sleeping in the Tabernacle near the Ark of God. [4] Suddenly the LORD called out, “Samuel!” “Yes?” Samuel replied. “What is it?” [5] He got up and ran to Eli. “Here I am. Did you call me?” “I didn’t call you,” Eli replied. “Go back to bed.” So he did. [6] Then the LORD called out again, “Samuel!” Again Samuel got up and went to Eli. “Here I am. Did you call me?” “I didn’t call you, my son,” Eli said. “Go back to bed.” [7] Samuel did not yet know the LORD because he had never had a message from the LORD before. [8] So the LORD called a third time, and once more Samuel got up and went to Eli. “Here I am. Did you call me?” Then Eli realized it was the LORD who was calling the boy. [9] So he said to Samuel, “Go and lie down again, and if someone calls again, say, ‘Speak, LORD, your servant is listening.’” So Samuel went back to bed. [10] And the LORD came and called as before, “Samuel! Samuel!” And Samuel replied, “Speak, your servant is listening.” [11] Then the LORD said to Samuel, “I am about to do a shocking thing in Israel. [12] I am going to carry out all my threats against Eli and his family, from beginning to end. [13] I have warned him that judgment is coming upon his family forever, because his sons are blaspheming God and he hasn’t disciplined them. [14] So I have vowed that the sins of Eli and his sons will never be forgiven by sacrifices or offerings.” [15] Samuel stayed in bed until morning, then got up and opened the doors of the Tabernacle as usual. He was afraid to tell Eli what the LORD had said to him. [16] But Eli called out to him, “Samuel, my son.” “Here I am,” Samuel replied. [17] “What did the LORD say to you? Tell me everything. And may God strike you and even kill you if you hide anything from me!” [18] So Samuel told Eli everything; he didn’t hold anything back. “It is the LORD’s will,” Eli replied. “Let him do what he thinks best.” [19] As Samuel grew up, the LORD was with him, and everything Samuel said proved to be reliable. [20] And all Israel, from Dan in the north to Beersheba in the south, knew that Samuel was confirmed as a prophet of the LORD. [21] The LORD continued to appear at Shiloh and gave messages to Samuel there at the Tabernacle. (NLT)

Brief Review of the previous workshop.

Focus of this workshop

The Lord God makes a change of the guard. Eli's family and his family are rejected. Samuel's ministry is inaugurated.

Note: We have changed the workshop format by dividing the larger passage into workable sections with the hope that it will serve us better.

Theme: There is an end to God's patience.

Discovery Part One - 3:1 - Israel's Dearth

Meanwhile, the boy Samuel served the LORD by assisting Eli. Now in those days messages from the LORD were very rare, and visions were quite uncommon.

1 Samuel 2:11; Psalm 74:9; Amos 8:11


1 Samuel 2:11

11 Then Elkanah went home to Ramah. And the boy was ministering to the Lord in the presence of Eli the priest. (ESV)


Psalms 74:9

9 We do not see our signs;

there is no longer any prophet,

and there is none among us who knows how long. (ESV)


Amos 8:11

11 “Behold, the days are coming,” declares the Lord God,

“when I will send a famine on the land—

not a famine of bread, nor a thirst for water,

but of hearing the words of the Lord. (ESV)

Discussion Part One

Why would God have Samuel serve such a failure of a man like Eli?

Would you serve God in this church if your pastors were out of sorts with God?

What does this teach you about your service to God?

Could you survive as a Christian if God was very silent?

**Your Thoughts?**

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Discovery Part Two - 3:2-9 God's calling of Samuel - Eli's response

[2] One night Eli, who was almost blind by now, had gone to bed. [3] The lamp of God had not yet gone out, and Samuel was sleeping in the Tabernacle near the Ark of God. [4] Suddenly the LORD called out, “Samuel!” “Yes?” Samuel replied. “What is it?” [5] He got up and ran to Eli. “Here I am. Did you call me?” “I didn’t call you,” Eli replied. “Go back to bed.” So he did. [6] Then the LORD called out again, “Samuel!” Again Samuel got up and went to Eli. “Here I am. Did you call me?” “I didn’t call you, my son,” Eli said. “Go back to bed.” [7] Samuel did not yet know the LORD because he had never had a message from the LORD before. [8] So the LORD called a third time, and once more Samuel got up and went to Eli. “Here I am. Did you call me?” Then Eli realized it was the LORD who was calling the boy. [9] So he said to Samuel, “Go and lie down again, and if someone calls again, say, ‘Speak, LORD, your servant is listening.’” So Samuel went back to bed.

1 Samuel 4:15; 2 Chronicles 13:11; Luke 9:23-27


1 Samuel 4:15

15 Now Eli was ninety-eight years old and his eyes were set so that he could not see. (ESV)


2 Chronicles 13:10-11

But as for us, the Lord is our God, and we have not forsaken him. We have priests ministering to the Lord who are sons of Aaron, and Levites for their service. 11 They offer to the Lord every morning and every evening burnt offerings and incense of sweet spices, set out the showbread on the table of pure gold, and care for the golden lampstand that its lamps may burn every evening. (ESV)


Luke 9:23-27

23 Then he said to the crowd, “If any of you wants to be my follower, you must give up your own way, take up your cross daily, and follow me. 24 If you try to hang on to your life, you will lose it. But if you give up your life for my sake, you will save it. 25 And what do you benefit if you gain the whole world but are yourself lost or destroyed? 26 **If anyone is ashamed of me and my message**, the Son of Man will be ashamed of that person when he returns in his glory and in the glory of the Father and the holy angels. 27 I tell you the truth, some standing here right now will not die before they see the Kingdom of God.” (NLT)

Discussion Part Two

Do you think there is a connection of Eli's near blindness, the dim lamp of God, and their proximity to the Ark of God?

What is this account telling us about Samuel's relationship to God?

Did Eli hear God's voice?

Is there a connection between the second part of verse 1 where it read; "Now in those days messages from the LORD were very rare, and visions were quite uncommon." and Eli's failure to hear God's voice calling Samuel?

What do you think of Eli's instructions to Samuel?

What would you have done if you were in Eli's place?

What would you have done if your were Samuel's place?

In God's plan why do you think it was necessary for Samuel to run to Eli those three times?

**Your Thoughts?**

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Discovery Part Three - 3:10-14 - Samuel Hears God - A Prophecy

__[10] And the LORD came and called as before, “Samuel! Samuel!” And Samuel replied, “Speak, your servant is listening.” [11] Then the LORD said to Samuel, “I am about to do a shocking thing in Israel. [12] I am going to carry out all my threats against Eli and his family, from beginning to end. [13] I have warned him that judgment is coming upon his family forever, because his sons are blaspheming God and he hasn’t disciplined them. [14] So I have vowed that the sins of Eli and his sons will never be forgiven by sacrifices or offerings.”__

Hebrews 1:1-3; Isaiah 22:12-14; 2 Kings 21:11-12


Hebrews 1:1-3

​1 Long ago God spoke many times and in many ways to our ancestors through the prophets. 2 And now in these final days, he has spoken to us through his Son. God promised everything to the Son as an inheritance, and through the Son he created the universe. 3 The Son radiates God’s own glory and expresses the very character of God, and he sustains everything by the mighty power of his command. When he had cleansed us from our sins, he sat down in the place of honor at the right hand of the majestic God in heaven. (NLT)


Isaiah 22:12-14

12 In that day the Lord God of hosts

called for weeping and mourning,

for baldness and wearing sackcloth;

13 and behold, joy and gladness,

killing oxen and slaughtering sheep,

eating flesh and drinking wine.

“Let us eat and drink,

for tomorrow we die.”

14 The Lord of hosts has revealed himself in my ears:

“Surely this iniquity will not be atoned for you until you die,”

says the Lord God of hosts. (ESV)


2 Kings 21:11-12

“Because Manasseh king of Judah has committed these abominations and has done things more evil than all that the Amorites did, who were before him, and has made Judah also to sin with his idols, 12 therefore thus says the Lord, the God of Israel: Behold, I am bringing upon Jerusalem and Judah such disaster that the ears of everyone who hears of it will tingle. (ESV)


Discussion Part Three

What do you think of God's persistence in his calling of Samuel?

Are you amazed about the way God called Samuel?

Do you think it is odd that God would give a revelation of such importance to Samuel when Samuel was just given hearing to hear God's voice?

Looking back at 1 Samuel 2:27, do you think Eli took God's threats seriously?

Are there any sins that could not be atoned for according to the Law of Moses?

Do you think Eli understood that he placed his descendants in such great peril?

**Your Thoughts?**

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Discovery Part Four - 3:15-17 - Eli's conditional cursing of Samuel

__[15] Samuel stayed in bed until morning, then got up and opened the doors of the Tabernacle as usual. He was afraid to tell Eli what the LORD had said to him. [16] But Eli called out to him, “Samuel, my son.” “Here I am,” Samuel replied. [17] “What did the LORD say to you? Tell me everything. And may God strike you and even kill you if you hide anything from me!”__

Jeremiah 23:28-32; Jeremiah 42:1-6; Matthew 24:4-5


Jeremiah 23:28-32

Let the prophet who has a dream recount the dream, but let the one who has my word speak it faithfully. For what has straw to do with grain?” declares the Lord. 29 “Is not my word like fire,” declares the Lord, “and like a hammer that breaks a rock in pieces? 30 “Therefore,” declares the Lord, “I am against the prophets who steal from one another words supposedly from me. 31 Yes,” declares the Lord, “I am against the prophets who wag their own tongues and yet declare, ‘The Lord declares.’ 32 Indeed, I am against those who prophesy false dreams, ” declares the Lord. “They tell them and lead my people astray with their reckless lies, yet I did not send or appoint them. They do not benefit these people in the least,” declares the Lord. (NIV)


Jeremiah 42:1-6

​1 Then all the army officers, including Johanan son of Kareah and Jezaniah son of Hoshaiah, and all the people from the least to the greatest approached 2 Jeremiah the prophet and said to him, “Please hear our petition and pray to the Lord your God for this entire remnant. For as you now see, though we were once many, now only a few are left. 3 Pray that the Lord your God will tell us where we should go and what we should do.”

4 “I have heard you,” replied Jeremiah the prophet. “I will certainly pray to the Lord your God as you have requested; I will tell you everything the Lord says and will keep nothing back from you.”

5 Then they said to Jeremiah, “May the Lord be a true and faithful witness against us if we do not act in accordance with everything the Lord your God sends you to tell us. 6 Whether it is favorable or unfavorable, we will obey the Lord our God, to whom we are sending you, so that it will go well with us, for we will obey the Lord our God.” (NIV)


Matthew 24:4-5

Jesus told them, “Don’t let anyone mislead you, [5] for many will come in my name, claiming, ‘I am the Messiah.’ They will deceive many. (NLT)


Discussion Part Four

Would you just go about your daily routine as did Samuel given that his God and Creator just hours earlier talked with him directly? What would your morning be like?

When the Spirit of God opens the meaning of the Word of God to you, how do you respond to it? Is it just another voice in your day or is hearing God speak anything but ordinary?

How does God speak to His saints today?

Why would Eli threaten Samuel if he did not reveal to him God's prophetic word?

Samuel honors God

Notice the message which Samuel was called upon to deliver. It required him to announce to the aged Eli, the friend and protector of his youth, the destruction of his family before God. The delivery of this message clearly implied courage. Nicoll, W. Robertson.

At this point in Eli's life did it appear that he feared God in any real sense?

Eli, let us observe, was otherwise, personally, a good man.

I. He was resigned, humble, and in a true sense, devout. He submits to be rebuked and sentenced by his inferiors without a word of remonstrance. His personal piety is especially noticeable at the moment of his death. He might have survived the national disgrace; but that the Ark of the Sacred Presence should be taken, that he could not survive—it touched the Divine honour, and Eli's devotion is to be measured by the fact that the shock of such a disgrace killed him on the spot.

II. Eli's personal excellence was accompanied by a want of moral resolution and enterprise which explains the ruin of his house. He should have removed his sons from the office which they dishonoured. Instead of that, he only talked to them. His sin was one of which only an amiable man could be guilty, but in its consequences it was fatal. III. Two observations suggest themselves in conclusion: (1) No relationship can be more charged with responsibility than that between a parent and his children. (2) No outward circumstances can of themselves protect us against the insidious assaults of evil, or against the enfeeblement of a truant will.

Nicoll, W. Robertson.

**Your Thoughts?**

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Discovery Part 5 - 3:18-21 - God affirms Samuel - The Dearth has ended

__[18] So Samuel told Eli everything; he didn’t hold anything back. “It is the LORD’s will,” Eli replied. “Let him do what he thinks best.” [19] As Samuel grew up, the LORD was with him, and everything Samuel said proved to be reliable. [20] And all Israel, from Dan in the north to Beersheba in the south, knew that Samuel was confirmed as a prophet of the LORD. [21] The LORD continued to appear at Shiloh and gave messages to Samuel there at the Tabernacle.__

Judges 10:15-16; Ezekiel 33:33; Numbers 12:6


Judges 10:15-16

But the Israelites said to the Lord, “We have sinned. Do with us whatever you think best, but please rescue us now.” 16 Then they got rid of the foreign gods among them and served the Lord. And he could bear Israel’s misery no longer. (NIV)


Ezekiel 33:33

33 “When all this comes true—and it surely will—then they will know that a prophet has been among them. ” (NIV)


Numbers 12:6

6 he said, “Listen to my words:

“When there is a prophet among you,

I, the Lord, reveal myself to them in visions,

I speak to them in dreams. (NIV)

Discussion Part 5

If you were in Samuel's shoes would you have revealed everything God said concerning Eli?

Do you think there is a tendency by today's evangelists and preachers to hold back the bad news of God's wrath when they should be bold when speaking God's word?

Are we as a church reliable communicators of God's Good News and Bad News?

Ezekiel 3:16-21 ESV

And at the end of seven days, the word of the LORD came to me: [17] “Son of man, I have made you a watchman for the house of Israel. Whenever you hear a word from my mouth, you shall give them warning from me. [18] If I say to the wicked, ‘You shall surely die,’ and you give him no warning, nor speak to warn the wicked from his wicked way, in order to save his life, that wicked person shall die for his iniquity, but his blood I will require at your hand. [19] But if you warn the wicked, and he does not turn from his wickedness, or from his wicked way, he shall die for his iniquity, but you will have delivered your soul. [20] Again, if a righteous person turns from his righteousness and commits injustice, and I lay a stumbling block before him, he shall die. Because you have not warned him, he shall die for his sin, and his righteous deeds that he has done shall not be remembered, but his blood I will require at your hand. [21] But if you warn the righteous person not to sin, and he does not sin, he shall surely live, because he took warning, and you will have delivered your soul.”

Are we as individuals reliable to God and for one another?

What do you think of Eli being as resigned to God's will for his life?

God will destroy your body so that your spirit may be saved in the day of the Lord.

1 Corinthians 5:1-5

It is actually reported that there is sexual immorality among you, and the kind of sexual immorality that is not even tolerated among the Gentiles— a man is sleeping with his father’s wife. [2] And you are arrogant! Shouldn’t you be filled with grief and remove from your congregation the one who did this? [3] Even though I am absent in the body, I am present in spirit. As one who is present with you in this way, I have already pronounced judgment on the one who has been doing such a thing. [4] When you are assembled in the name of our Lord Jesus, and I am with you in spirit, with the power of our Lord Jesus, [5] hand that one over to Satan for the destruction of the flesh, so that his spirit may be saved in the day of the Lord.

**Your Thoughts?**

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