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Multiple Menu

Multiple Menu Model


Rather than a specific classroom or school model, the Multiple Menu Model is a management plan for developing and re-conceptualizing curriculum development. This model should be used as an aid for curriculum developers in order to incorporate different theories and model into curricular instruction. Based on the core concepts and principles within disciplines, as well as how knowledge develops, this model is a tool for the development of engaging and effective curricula.


Primary Developer(s):

Joseph S. Renzulli

Theoretical Underpinnings:

-   Vygotsky (1978, 1986)

-   James (1885)

-   Whitehead (1929)

-   Bruner (1960, 1966, 1971)

-   Phenix (1964)

-   Ausubel (1968)

-   Bandura (1977)

-   Gagné and Briggs (1979)

-   Kaplan (1986)

-   Bloom and colleagues (1954)

-   Thomlinson (1999)

Elements, Components & Non-Negotiables:

-   The developer of curriculum must understand the theories and the information provided by the various menus

-   A plan or guide is necessary in order to organize and synthesize the different menu


-   general education classrooms


-   curriculum development for:

-      elementary classrooms

-      secondary classrooms

Strengths & Weaknesses:


-   Appropriate to many situations, ages and content areas

-   Easily implementable

-   Can incorporate ascending levels of intellectual demand


-   Resources are necessary

-   Time and SOL Pressures are added obstacles.

Necessary Resources:

-   Planning time

-   Access to research materials for students

This information was gleaned from:

Renzulli, J.S., Gubbins, E.J., McMillen, K.S., Eckert, R.D., & Little, C.A.  Systems and models for developing programs for the gifted and talented (2nd ed.). Mansfield, CT: Creative Learning Press, p. 353-598.