Christian Biblical Exegesis in English Translation, c. 1075–1200

This list attempts to collect all modern English translations of medieval Christian biblical interpretation (commentaries, sermons, and methodological treatises) in Catholic Europe from c. 1075 to c. 1200. When more than one translation exists, I have chosen the more complete, more recent, and/or more accessible edition. They are listed chronologically by author’s year of death or, for works of unknown authorship, approximate date of completion. Under each category, methodological works are listed first with the rest in order of biblical book. Names and order of biblical books (as well as numbering of chapters and verses) are according to the RSV and NRSV, not the Latin Vulgate.

Table of contents (including full bibliography)

Compiled by Jonathan Hall, University of Virginia.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 3.0 United States License/
This page updated 6 February 2010.
Additions and corrections welcome; e-mail jph8r@virginia.edu
Page location: https://sites.google.com/site/miscelleneatheologica/home/transbib/transbib1a
Permanent URL of the index (bookmark this link): http://purl.oclc.org/net/jonhall/

 

Ivo of Chartres (c. 1040–1116)

Ivo of Chartres. “Sermon on the Lord’s Prayer.” In Early Medieval Theology, pp. 317–323. Edited and translated by George E. McCracken and Allen Cabaniss. Vol. 9, Library of Christian Classics. Philadelphia: Westminster, 1957. [Matthew 6:9–13]

 

Bruno of Asti, Bishop of Segni (c. 1047–1123)

Bruno of Asti. “Flight from Temptation” (from Sermon 14 of Bruno’s Homilies). In Mediæval Preachers and Mediæval Preaching: A Series of Extracts, Translated from the Sermons of the Middle Ages, and Chronologically Arranged, pp. 107–108. Edited and translated by J.M. Neale. London: J. & C. Mozley, 1856. Complete images available online at Google Books: http://books.google.com/books?id=HNzHGPL5lvkC [Matthew 2:14]

———. “The Story of Zacchaeus” (from Sermon 143 of Bruno’s Homilies). In Mediæval Preachers and Mediæval Preaching: A Series of Extracts, Translated from the Sermons of the Middle Ages, and Chronologically Arranged, pp. 108–110. Edited and translated by J.M. Neale. London: J. & C. Mozley, 1856. Complete images available online at Google Books: http://books.google.com/books?id=HNzHGPL5lvkC [Luke 19:1–5]

 

Rupert of Deutz (c. 1075–1129)

Rupert of Deutz. Selections from Commentary on the Song of Songs. In The Song of Songs, Interpreted by Early Christian and Medieval Commentators, pp. 24–25, 95–96, 139–141, 151–53, 160, 183, and 192–93. Translated by Richard A. Norris, Jr. The Church’s Bible. Edited by Robert Louis Wilken. Grand Rapids, MI: William B. Eerdmans, 2003. [Song of Solomon 1:2, 2:1, 3:1–4, 3:7, 3:11, 4:1, 4:10, 4:16]

———. “An Apologetic Preface to the Commentary on John.” Translated by Abigail Ann Young. http://www.chass.utoronto.ca/~young/prefatio.html. [John pref.]

———. Commentary on Saint John. In Early Medieval Theology, pp. 257–268. Edited and translated by George E. McCracken and Allen Cabaniss. Vol. 9, Library of Christian Classics. Philadelphia: Westminster, 1957. [John pref., 1:1–14]

 

Anonymous (attributed to Hildebert, c. 1055–1133)

Anonymous. “On the Dedication of a Church” (from Sermon 105 of Hildebert’s Sermons). In Mediæval Preachers and Mediæval Preaching: A Series of Extracts, Translated from the Sermons of the Middle Ages, and Chronologically Arranged, pp. 122–128. Edited and translated by J.M. Neale. London: J. & C. Mozley, 1856. Complete images available online at Google Books: http://books.google.com/books?id=HNzHGPL5lvkC [Genesis 24:2–4]

 

Hugh of St. Victor (c. 1097–1141)

Hugh of St. Victor. Books 4–6 of The Didascalicon of Hugh of St. Victor: A Medieval Guide to the Arts. Translated by Jerome Taylor. Vol. 64, Records of Civilization Sources and Studies. New York: Columbia University Press, 1961. [Method]

———. Prologue of On the Sacraments of the Christian Faith (De Sacramentis). Translated by Roy J. Deferrari. Cambridge, MA: Mediaeval Academy of America, 1951. [Method]

———. Books 1 and 3 of Noah’s Ark. In Selected Spiritual Writings, pp. ?. Translated by a religious of the CSMV. New York: Harper and Row, 1962. [Genesis]

———. Selection from On the Love of the Bridegroom for the Bride. In The Song of Songs, Interpreted by Early Christian and Medieval Commentators, pp. 167–72. Translated by Richard A. Norris, Jr. The Church’s Bible. Edited by Robert Louis Wilken. Grand Rapids, MI: William B. Eerdmans, 2003. [Song of Solomon 4:6–8]

———. “The Soul’s Three Ways of Seeing (from the unfinished commentary on Ecclesiastes).” In Selected Spiritual Writings, pp. ?. Translated by a religious of the CSMV. New York: Harper and Row, 1962. [Ecclesiastes]

 

Peter Abelard (1079–1142)

Peter Abelard. Prologue to the Yes and No. In Medieval Literary Theory and Criticism c. 1100–c. 1375: The Commentary-Tradition, pp. 87–100. Edited and translated by A.J. Minnis and A.B. Scott. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1988. [Method]

———. “The Resurrection of Lazarus” (from Sermon 8). In Mediæval Preachers and Mediæval Preaching: A Series of Extracts, Translated from the Sermons of the Middle Ages, and Chronologically Arranged, pp. 130–133. Edited and translated by J.M. Neale. London: J. & C. Mozley, 1856. Complete images available online at Google Books: http://books.google.com/books?id=HNzHGPL5lvkC [John 11:38–48]

———. Prologue to the Commentary on St. Paul’s Epistle to the Romans. In Medieval Literary Theory and Criticism c. 1100–c. 1375: The Commentary-Tradition, pp. 100–05. Edited and translated by A.J. Minnis and A.B. Scott. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1988. [Method; Romans pref.]

———. “Exposition of the Epistle to the Romans (An Excerpt from the Second Book).” In A Scholastic Miscellany: Anselm to Ockham, pp. 276–87. Edited and translated by Eugene R. Fairweather. The Library of Christian Classics. Philadelphia: The Westminster Press, 1956. [Romans 3]

 

Ordinary Gloss (12th c.)

“Ruth.” In Medieval Exegesis in Translation: Commentaries on the Book of Ruth, pp. 11–36. Translated by Lesley Smith. TEAMS Commentary Series. Kalamazoo, MI: Medieval Institute Publications, 1996. [Ruth]

The Glossa Ordinaria on the Song of Songs. Translated by Mary Dove. TEAMS Commentary Series. Kalamazoo, MI: Medieval Institute Publications, 1997. Also published with the Latin in CCCM 170. [Song of Solomon]

Selections from the Glossa Ordinaria on the Song of Songs. In The Song of Songs, Interpreted by Early Christian and Medieval Commentators, pp. 30, 79, 89, 96, 180, 186–87, 218, 246, 260–61, and 271. Translated by Richard A. Norris, Jr. The Church’s Bible. Edited by Robert Louis Wilken. Grand Rapids, MI: William B. Eerdmans, 2003. [Song of Solomon 1:2, 1:14, 1:17, 2:2, 4:10, 4:15, 5:11, 6:10, 7:1, 7:12]

Gilbert the Universal. Glossa ordinaria in Lamentationes Ieremie prophete: Prothemata et Liber I. Edited and translated by Alexander Andrée. Vol. 52, Studia Latina Stockholmiensa. Stockholm: Almquist & Wiksell International, 2005. [Lamentations preface, 1]

“The School of Anselm of Laon: The Gloss on I Corinthians, Chapter 15.” In A Scholastic Miscellany: Anselm to Ockham, pp. 267–75. Edited and translated by Eugene R. Fairweather. The Library of Christian Classics. Philadelphia: The Westminster Press, 1956. [1 Corinthians 15]

 

William of St. Thierry (c. 1085–c. 1148)

William of St. Thierry. Exposition on the Song of Songs. Translated by M. Columba Hart, OSB. Vol. 6, Cistercian Fathers. Kalamazoo, MI: Cistercian Publications, 1970. [Song of Solomon]

———. Selections from Exposition of the Song of Songs. In The Song of Songs, Interpreted by Early Christian and Medieval Commentators, pp. 10–17, 29–30, 42–43, 64–65, 83–85, 105–06, and 123–24. Translated by Richard A. Norris, Jr. The Church’s Bible. Edited by Robert Louis Wilken. Grand Rapids, MI: William B. Eerdmans, 2003. [Song of Solomon pref., 1:2–3, 1:5, 1:10, 1:15, 2:4, 2:13–14]

———. Exposition on the Epistle to the Romans. Translated by John Baptist Hasbrouk, OCSO. Vol. 27, Cistercian Fathers. Kalamazoo, MI: Cistercian Publications, 2000. [Romans]

 

Geoffrey of Auxerre (fl. early 12th c.)

Geoffrey of Auxerre. On the Apocalypse. Translated by Joseph Gibbons, CSSP. Vol. 42, Cistercian Fathers. Kalamazoo, MI: Cistercian Publications, 2000. [Revelation]

 

Hervé de Bourg-Dieu, OSB (c. 1080–1150)

Hervé de Bourg-Dieu, OSB (attributed to Anselm of Canterbury). “Our Lord Walking on the Sea” (Homily 3 of Anselm’s Homilies). In Mediæval Preachers and Mediæval Preaching: A Series of Extracts, Translated from the Sermons of the Middle Ages, and Chronologically Arranged, pp. 80–90. Edited and translated by J.M. Neale. London: J. & C. Mozley, 1856. Complete images available online at Google Books: http://books.google.com/books?id=HNzHGPL5lvkC [Matthew 14:22–33]

 

Bernard of Clairvaux (1090–1153)

Bernard of Clairvaux. Sermons for the Summer Season. Translated by Beverly Kienzle and James Jarzembowski. Vol. 53, Cistercian Fathers. Kalamazoo, MI: Cistercian Publications, 1991. [1 Sam 17; Mark 16:14–18; Luke 11:5–6; John 5:35; Ephesians 4:9–10]

———. Sermons on Conversion. Translated by Marie-Bernard Saïd, OSB. Vol. 25, Cistercian Fathers. Kalamazoo, MI: Cistercian Publications, 1981. [Psalm 91]

———. Sermons on the Song of Songs. Translated by Kilian Walsh, OCSO and Irene Edmonds. 4 vols. Vol. 4, 7, 31, and 40, Cistercian Fathers. Kalamazoo, MI: Cistercian Publications, 1971–1980. [Song of Solomon 1:1–3:1]

———. Selections from Sermons on the Song of Songs. In The Song of Songs, Interpreted by Early Christian and Medieval Commentators, pp. 22–23, 40–42, 58, 82–83, and 132–33. Translated by Richard A. Norris, Jr. The Church’s Bible. Edited by Robert Louis Wilken. Grand Rapids, MI: William B. Eerdmans, 2003. [Song of Solomon 1:2, 1:5, 1:8, 1:15, 2:16]

———. Homilies in Praise of the Blessed Virgin Mary. Translated by Marie-Bernard Saïd, OSB. Vol. 18A, Cistercian Fathers. Kalamazoo, MI: Cistercian Publications, 1993. Previously published in Bernard of Clairvaux and Amadeus of Lausanne. Magnificat: Homilies in Praise of the Blessed Virgin Mary. Translated by Marie-Bernard Saïd and Grace Perigo. Vol. 18, Cistercian Fathers. Kalamazoo, MI: Cistercian Publications, 1979. [Luke 1:26–56]

———. The Parables and the Sentences. Translated by Michael Casey, OCSO and Francis R. Swietek. Vol. 55, Cistercian Fathers. Kalamazoo, MI: Cistercian Publications, 1999. [?]

 

Guerric of Igny (c. 1070–1157)

Guerric of Igny. “That We Ought to See Christ in the Histories of the Old Testament” and “The Desire of Christ Sufficient for a Christian Soul.” In Mediæval Preachers and Mediæval Preaching: A Series of Extracts, Translated from the Sermons of the Middle Ages, and Chronologically Arranged, pp. 139–143. Edited and translated by J.M. Neale. London: J. & C. Mozley, 1856. Complete images available online at Google Books: http://books.google.com/books?id=HNzHGPL5lvkC [Genesis 45:26–28]

———. “The Happiness of Simeon When Our Lord Was Presented in the Temple” and “The Blessedness of Complete Purification.” In Mediæval Preachers and Mediæval Preaching: A Series of Extracts, Translated from the Sermons of the Middle Ages, and Chronologically Arranged, pp. 144–146. Edited and translated by J.M. Neale. London: J. & C. Mozley, 1856. Complete images available online at Google Books: http://books.google.com/books?id=HNzHGPL5lvkC [Luke 2:22–35]

———. “The Humility of Christ, the Remedy of Man’s Pride.” In Mediæval Preachers and Mediæval Preaching: A Series of Extracts, Translated from the Sermons of the Middle Ages, and Chronologically Arranged, pp. 147–151. Edited and translated by J.M. Neale. London: J. & C. Mozley, 1856. Complete images available online at Google Books: http://books.google.com/books?id=HNzHGPL5lvkC [Philippians 2:5–8]

 

Honorius Augustodunensis (Honorius of Autun) (c. 1080–c. 1157)

Honorius Augustodunensis. The Seal of the Blessed Mary. Translated by Amelia Carr. Peregrina Translation Series. Toronto: Peregrina, 1991. [Song of Solomon ?]

———. Selections from Exposition of the Song of Songs. In The Song of Songs, Interpreted by Early Christian and Medieval Commentators, pp. 17, 23–24, 163–64, 183–86, 206–08, 222–225, 230–31, 248–50, 261, 271–72, and 278. Translated by Richard A. Norris, Jr. The Church’s Bible. Edited by Robert Louis Wilken. Grand Rapids, MI: William B. Eerdmans, 2003. [Song of Solomon pref., 1:2, 4:4, 4:12–15, 5:6, 5:13–16, 6:1, 6:11–13, 7:3, 7:12, 8:1]

 

Peter Lombard (c. 1100–1160)

Peter Lombard. Prologue to the Commentary on the Psalter. In Medieval Literary Theory and Criticism c. 1100–c. 1375: The Commentary-Tradition, pp. 105–12. Edited and translated by A.J. Minnis and A.B. Scott. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1988. [Method; Psalms pref.]

 

Aelred of Rievaulx (c. 1109–1167)

Aelred of Rievaulx. The Liturgical Sermons: The First Clairvaux Collection, Advent–All Saints. Translated by Theodore Berkeley, OCSO and M. Basil Pennington, OCSO. Vol. 58, Cistercian Fathers. Kalamazoo, MI: Cistercian Publications, 2001. [Matthew 5:1–12, 21:1–9; Luke 2:1–14; 1 Peter 2:9]

 

Isaac of Stella (d. 1169)

Isaac of Stella. Sermons on the Christian Year, I. Translated by Hugh McCaffery, OCSO. Vol. 11, Cistercian Fathers. Kalamazoo, MI: Cistercian Publications, 1979. [Matthew 5:1–9, 8:1–4, 8:23–24, 20:1–6; Luke 2:41–51, 8:5; John 2:1–10]

 

Achard of St. Victor (c. 1100–1172)

Achard of St. Victor. Sermons in Works, pp. 71–351. Translated by Hugh Bernard Feiss, OSB. Vol. 165, Cistercian Studies. Kalamazoo, MI: Cistercian Publications, 2001. [2 Kings 4:27–35; Psalms 19:4–5; Proverbs 9:1; Isaiah 7:14–15; Ecclesiasticus 24:17; Matthew 4:1, 17:1–2, 20:1–6, 21:1–2, 21:7]

 

Gilbert of Hoyland (d. 1172)

Gilbert of Hoyland. Sermons on the Song of Songs. Translated by Lawrence C. Braceland, SJ. 3 vols. Vols. 14, 20, and 26, Cistercian Fathers. Kalamazoo, MI: Cistercian Publications, 1978–1979. [Song of Solomon 3:1–5:10]

———. IV. Treatises, Sermons and Epistles with Roger of Byland’s the Milk of Babes. Translated by Lawrence C. Braceland, SJ. Vol. 34, Cistercian Fathers. Kalamazoo, MI: Cistercian Publications, 1981. [Gospels]

 

Odo of St. Victor (d. 1173)

Odo of St. Victor (attributed to Hildebert). “The Sufferings of Our Lord” (Sermon 42 of Hildebert’s Sermons). In Mediæval Preachers and Mediæval Preaching: A Series of Extracts, Translated from the Sermons of the Middle Ages, and Chronologically Arranged, pp. 118–122. Edited and translated by J.M. Neale. London: J. & C. Mozley, 1856. Complete images available online at Google Books: http://books.google.com/books?id=HNzHGPL5lvkC [Psalm 22:16–17]

 

Richard of St. Victor (d. 1173)

Richard of St. Victor. The Twelve Patriarchs; The Mystical Ark; Book Three of The Trinity. Translated by Grover A. Zinn. Classics of Western Spirituality. New York: Paulist Press, 1979. [Genesis; Exodus]

———. “Mystical Comments on the Psalms.” In A Scholastic Miscellany: Anselm to Ockham, pp. 319–20. Edited and translated by Eugene R. Fairweather. The Library of Christian Classics. Philadelphia: The Westminster Press, 1956. [Psalm 85:10]

———. Selections from Explication of the Song of Songs. In The Song of Songs, Interpreted by Early Christian and Medieval Commentators, pp. 141–42, 173–75, 181–82, 202–204, 211–12, and 225–26. Translated by Richard A. Norris, Jr. The Church’s Bible. Edited by Robert Louis Wilken. Grand Rapids, MI: William B. Eerdmans, 2003. [Song of Solomon 3:4, 4:8, 4:10–11, 5:4, 5:9–10, 5:16]

———. “On Ezekiel’s Vision (The First Part of the Prologue.” In A Scholastic Miscellany: Anselm to Ockham, pp. 321–23. Edited and translated by Eugene R. Fairweather. The Library of Christian Classics. Philadelphia: The Westminster Press, 1956. [Ezekiel]

 

Andrew of St. Victor (c. 1110–1175)

Andrew of St. Victor. Commentary on Samuel and Kings. Edited and translated by Frans van Liere. Corpus Christianorum in Translation 3. Turnhout: Brepols, forthcoming (April 2010). [1–2 Samuel; 1–2 Kings]

 

Nicholas of Clairvaux (d. 1178)

Nicholas of Clairvaux (attributed to Peter Damian). “That We Must Take up Our Cross and Follow Our Lord” (from Sermon 47 of Peter Damian’s Sermons). In Mediæval Preachers and Mediæval Preaching: A Series of Extracts, Translated from the Sermons of the Middle Ages, and Chronologically Arranged, pp. 62–63. Edited and translated by J.M. Neale. London: J. & C. Mozley, 1856. Complete images available online at Google Books: http://books.google.com/books?id=HNzHGPL5lvkC [Luke 9:23]

 

Peter Comestor, OSA (d. 1178)

Peter Comestor. Sermon 102, “The Book of Life”. Working translation by Jonathan Hall at http://purl.oclc.org/net/jonhall/texts/PeterComestorS102Tr.html [Exodus 20:1–17; Deuteronomy 4:1, 5:6–21]

———. “On Ruth, from The Scholastic History.” In Medieval Exegesis in Translation: Commentaries on the Book of Ruth, pp. 37–39. Translated by Lesley Smith, TEAMS Commentary Series. Kalamazoo, MI: Medieval Institute Publications, 1996. [Ruth]

 

Peter of Celle (c. 1115–1183)

Peter of Celle. Sermons in Selected Works, pp. 43–59. Translated by Hugh Bernard Feiss, OSB. Vol. 100, Cistercian Studies. Kalamazoo, MI: Cistercian Publications, 1987. [Psalms 43:1, 78:25; Philippians 2:5]

———. “The Ascension” (Sermon 50 of Peter’s Sermons). In Mediæval Preachers and Mediæval Preaching: A Series of Extracts, Translated from the Sermons of the Middle Ages, and Chronologically Arranged, pp. 188–92. Edited and translated by J.M. Neale. London: J. & C. Mozley, 1856. Complete images available online at Google Books: http://books.google.com/books?id=HNzHGPL5lvkC [2 Kings 2:23]

———. “Christ Tempted in the Wilderness” (Sermon 16 of Peter’s Sermons). In Mediæval Preachers and Mediæval Preaching: A Series of Extracts, Translated from the Sermons of the Middle Ages, and Chronologically Arranged, pp. 180–87. Edited and translated by J.M. Neale. London: J. & C. Mozley, 1856. Complete images available online at Google Books: http://books.google.com/books?id=HNzHGPL5lvkC [Matthew 4:1]

———. “The Mind That Was in Christ Jesus” (Sermon 33 of Peter’s Sermons). In Mediæval Preachers and Mediæval Preaching: A Series of Extracts, Translated from the Sermons of the Middle Ages, and Chronologically Arranged, pp. 176–80. Edited and translated by J.M. Neale. London: J. & C. Mozley, 1856. Complete images available online at Google Books: http://books.google.com/books?id=HNzHGPL5lvkC [Philippians 2:5]

 

Peter of Waltham (fl. 1190–1196)

Peter of Waltham. Source Book of Self-Discipline: A Synthesis of Moralia in Job by Gregory the Great: A Translation of Peter of Waltham’s Remediarium conversorum. Translated by Joseph J. Gildea, OSA. New York: Peter Lang, 1991. [Job]