This blog contains posts about the intersection of Blackness and technology. It is a continuation of the topics Anjuan explored in the Minority Tech book. However, this blog provides the opportunity to update those topics with current events in the world as well as provide updates on the author's projects.
Generally, comments are not allowed in the body of these blog posts, but feel free to use the Contact page to share your thoughts about anything that has been written.
I did a written interview about Minority Tech with Jet Magazine in 2014 that was never published. Fortunately, I saved the email which I'm republishing here:
1) Tell us about your book. What do you hope folks take away from it? What inspired you to write it?
"Minority Tech" (http://www.MinorityTech.com) is a curated essay anthology of my experiences as a Black man who has worked in the technology industry for over 20 years. It covers topics that I think many Blacks in technology experience such as understanding the nature of Blackness. In fact, the first essay in my book is a frank discussion about the "N word". "Minority Tech" also presents my "Code of Conduct for Black Men" which I think will solve many of the challenges that we have in our communities. In addition, my book discusses the duality of loving technology despite the challenges of working as a minority in technology, and I also make the case for greater diversity in the technology industry.
People who read my book will gain an understanding of both sides of the technology diversity coin. On one side, minorities are often economically disadvantaged (e.g., our unemployment rate has been double that of Whites for decades) and need the financial benefits of working in technology, an industry that pays significantly higher salaries than other sectors of the economy. On the other side of the coin, the technology industry needs the innovation that comes from diversity. Studies have shown that diverse teams create better ideas than homogeneous teams. So, the argument for more diversity in technology is not about giving hand outs to minorities. It's about strengthening the technology industry and positioning it for a workforce and a customer base that is getting browner every day. Soon, technology companies that lack diversity will find it almost impossible to hire talent and create products that people want to buy.
I was inspired to write "Minority Tech" because I've read a lot of technology books, but none of them had a Black person on the cover. As the saying goes, "You can't be what you can't see". I wanted to write a book about technology that underrepresented groups, especially Black people, could see and realize that if Anjuan Simmons can build a career in technology, then they can, too. I took part in a high school program designed to get more Blacks into engineering degrees, and that program was a key factor behind my decision to earn my undergraduate degree in electrical engineering from The University of Texas at Austin. "Minority Tech" is my way of paying forward the investment that was made in me to the Black youth of today.
2) What's the biggest barrier you see in having more minorities in tech? What are some sustainable solutions? You were a software developer. How was that? How can companies become more inclusive?
Contrary to popular belief, the pipeline problem is not the biggest barrier to getting more minorities in tech. There are plenty of women and minorities who want to work in the technology field, and they have the skills to be successful. The biggest barrier is bias. There is hidden bias in the technology sector that works to the advantage of Whites and Asians and excludes women and minorities. This bias exists in all aspects of the business model behind most technology companies from recruiting to promotions. Technology companies overwhelming favor applicants who come from schools (Stanford, MIT, Cornell, etc.) or companies (Google, Facebook, Microsoft, etc.) that have low diversity numbers. So, it's not surprising that the technology sector has poor diversity. After all, you can't get trout from fishing in lakes that only have salmon. Also, the women and minorities who make it through the selection process and become employees often face harassment and discriminatory behaviors. Many have their very existence ("Are you here because of our affirmative actionprogram?") questioned as well as their competence ("Do you really know how to code?").
One sustainable solution to getting more minorities and women into tech is continual exposure of the hidden bias in the technology sector. We also need the willingness to ask uncomfortable questions. Technology companies will continue to use the "pipeline problem" as the reason for their low diversity numbers, but that just passes the blame from them to underrepresented groups. The best way to stop powerful companies from blaming marginalized people is the courage to question them. What are your diversity numbers and what are you doing to retain women and minorities? Where is your exit interview data from women and minorities who have resigned from your company? What programs do you have in place to teach those in the majority (White and Asian males) how to be more inclusive? Why don't you look for qualified candidates at schools with more diverse student bodies? These questions are often unpleasant for technology companies to answer, but they are crucial to solving the diversity problem in tech. Companies can only become more inclusive if they aggressively remove the parts of their business that are exclusive and discriminatory.
I spent the first five years of my technology career as a developer. I enjoyed the process of understanding business problems and creating software solutions to solve them. After five years, I was promoted to a management position where I guide the work of software developers. My experience as a developer has been a key part of my success as a software project manager for the past fifteen years.
3) What are some of your upcoming plans with the book? Anything new and interesting that you could use your book as a platform for change?
When I launched "Minority Tech", I did a national roll-out that included book signings and media appearances in places like Harlem, NY and various other locations. I next plan to do a college book tour where I speak to students who are pursuing degrees that lead to careers in technology. For example, I was involved in the National Society of Black Engineers (NSBE) as an undergraduate engineering student, and I want to visit as many NSBE chapters as possible. I also want to speak with other student groups and organizations that are based around engineering and computer science. My goal is to share with college students the things that I wish an experienced technology professional shared with me when I was in college. This includes the key things you have to do in order to be successful in technology and the real challenges of working as a minority in technology. My goal is to use my book as a platform to create an army of minority technologists that is too massive and skilled to be ignored by the technology industry. So, look for me on a campus near you!
Having worked for most of my career in the private sector, I spent today like almost all past MLK holidays: at work. However, I am thankful for the sacrifices made by Dr. King that made it possible for me to do the work I do, have a tenured professor for a spouse, raise kids who excel scholastically, and live in a wonderful diverse neighborhood.
It does not escape me that history could have taken a different path and hope may have been deferred for several more generations. Yet, here we stand, having gained a far more equitable country than our parents experienced but always pushing, as Dr. King would exhort us, for a system that provides justice for all.
The road is not as long as it used to be, but we still have miles to go before we rest.
I hesitated to post this because, frankly, speaking up about racism in America has consequences. I have mouths to feed and bills to pay, but I was inspired by the Black students at the University of Missouri. So, I, too, wanted to contribute to the cause.
In the summer of 1997 I was about to graduate from the University of Texas at Austin with my undergraduate degree in electrical engineering. This picture is a recreation of a drawing that was taped to the door of my dorm room. I turned the original over to campus police and never saw it again. I still kick myself for not making a photocopy in advance.
I was a 22 year old college student about to embark on my career, and I had to deal with this. The disbelief in my abilities. The threat of sexual violence. All classic tools of racism against Blacks in America. I'm still bothered to this day that I have no idea who taped this to my door. It could have been anyone.
A lot of people discount and disparage the work of the Black students at Mizzou, but they fought against far worse than I experienced. One of the greatest evils of White privilege is the audacity to dictate terms to those without White privilege. It is vital for marginalized groups to not feel that the reality of their lived experiences is invalid. They deserve respect.
While you may never see this, I wanted to write this letter to you concerning your arrest for bringing a clock you created to school. First, I am very sorry that this happened to you. You should have never been treated that way just because other people didn't understand you or your work. Unfortunately, we live in a world that often fears what is different and tries to destroy what it does not understand.
Second, I can relate to you. I, too, grew up in North Texas as a skinny brown kid who wore glasses. I, too, had a "weird" name that many found difficult to pronounce and differed starkly from the kids around me with names like "Johnny", "Jane", "Bobby", and "Becky". I, too, loved tech and creating cool things and showing others what I could do. High school was difficult for me, but, once I entered the University of Texas at Austin as an electrical engineering student, my life got much better. The craziness of high school soon faded as I explored the wonders of campus life.
Third, I want you to know that life will get better for you, too. It will get way better. You'll get better at technology because the same curiosity that drove you to create your own digital clock will drive you to engineer other things. I've met a lot of engineers in my four decades of life. All of them had varying levels of intelligence and came from a variety of social backgrounds. However, the one trait that separated the average ones from the extraordinary ones has always been curiosity. Don't let the tragedy of your arrest kill your curiosity. Take your anger at what happened to you and transform it into determination to the unleash the full potential of your technical talent.
You'll also get better at dealing with those who don't understand you. I can't promise that this will be the last time you encounter prejudice, but I can promise that you'll respond to it better next time. You'll learn to see that prejudice is not simply the output of an evil heart. Rather, it is the normal human fear of that which is unfamiliar. This will enable you to see how you can share your own humanity with those who are attacking you so that they see how they are really attacking themselves.
Finally, the world will get better. We are still grappling with a planet full of nations that were founded centuries ago yet still fight each other like playground children. However, we are making progress. The past 50 years have seen marginalized groups organize and gain rights that many believed they would never obtain. Justice follows an uneven path through our world, but, every now and then, a dreamer arises and straightens the way a bit. I hope that you become one of those dreamers.
This is Part 6 in my series about posts I made to newsgroups as a young Minority Tech. This is probably one of the longest posts I wrote during this time. I dove into the topic of how Black people are depicted in comic books. This is still a contentious topic, even 20 years later.
I do have a sense of pride towards my younger self. I'm still writing about Black issues to this day, but I like seeing how I started. I have grown a lot as a writer, but I see glimmerings of my current mental map about technology and racism in this snapshot of my 19 year old mind.
Path: nntp.gmd.de!newsserver.jvnc.net!yale.edu!yale!gumby!newsxfer.itd.umich.edu!agate!howland.reston.ans.net!cs.utexas.edu!geraldo.cc.utexas.edu!smf-n12.facsmf.utexas.edu!user From: anj...@mail.utexas.edu (Anjuan Rey Simmons) Newsgroups: rec.arts.comics.xbooks Subject: Black Depictions Date: Mon, 30 Jan 1995 02:02:21 -0600 Organization: University of Texas at Austin Lines: 138 Message-ID: <firstname.lastname@example.org> NNTP-Posting-Host: smf-n12.facsmf.utexas.edu (the sound of a can of worms being opened) Greetings again, members of rec.arts.comics.xbooks. As promised at the end of my post about X-women, I will now dwell on the thought of the portrayal of African Americans in the X-Men comics (I can hear you sighing and groaning and I can see your eyes rolling back). First, I want to state that I realize it is difficult to portray every single race in the X-Men books. I'm sure that there are many Hispanics, Asians, Native American Indians, etc. who could claim being under represented in the X-Men books. Well, members of those groups can post their views at their leisure. Being an African American, I want to speak about how we have been viewed in the X-books. Also, some may say this is fitting since next month is the month so nicely set aside for thinking about black history. Has anyone ever wondered why the shortest month of the year was chosen for Black History month? Of course, that's another thread for another group. Let us take a look at the number of black people who have graced the covers of the various X-books. Jorge DeLaCruz has nicely posted a Mutant list in rec.arts.comics.xbooks recently (though I'm not sure if all of these people are mutants). What follows are the people of color (no Nightcrawler or Mystique comments) I recognize from the list. Of course, I don't know everyone in the list so I may miss some (shuckins, I wish I had my Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe at hand!) Bishop of the X-Men Gateway Stevie Hunter Charlotte Jones of the NYPD M of Generation X (I'll explain) Shard of the XSF (d) Sister of Bishop Storm of the X-Men Synch of Generation X (This is my boy!) BTW: I've left out one-shot characters or guess star black characters like Power Man or the Black Panther. I really don't think these people have been developed in the X-Men books. Also, some people like Leech make it hard to tell what to call them. Of the characters from the above list I'm sure the most well known is Storm followed by Bishop. Some may say that M is not a black person, but I am going by the first issue I saw her in which she was depicted VERY much so as a black person (full lips, dark skin, etc.). It was the one in which she was in a car with a large women, and they were attacked by the Phalanx. Gateway is an Aborigine, not an African American, but he is a black character. The representation of black characters in X-Men, though few, have yielded some impressive characters. Storm, though very much under used lately, has had some great moments. Of course, her physical features are not those of the everyday black person. However, she was created as a unique character who was meant to look different. My only objection is that too many writers draw her as a white female with dark skin. Ororo has various subtle facial features that some writers ignore or do sloppily. Bishop has emerged as one of the most fascinating characters I have ever read about in a comic book. We have had the chance to look into his soul and see what motivates him. We've seen his grief over the loss of his companions from his time period. We've shared his love for his sister and respect him for doing what had to be done to her. Bishop has almost come across to me as the quintessential X-Man. He takes what is best in each character and lives up to the ideal that the X-Men fight for. The only thing I dislike about him is his long hair. This seems quite unfitting for a warrior and impossible for a black person to grow. I group Charlotte Jones and Stevie Hunter together because they are both non-mutant black women who we only see about once a year. They have also been pretty well done as characters holding their own beside super powered mutants. I think they well represent the strength of black women. My gripe is that we very rarely see them. Gateway is an enigma. I see him as a spiritual force kind of like the monkey in the Lion King. I have to respect him despite my initial fear that he would be a stereotypical character (My Gawd, Sir! All thus technology sho' is a sight! Where cun I 'port ya now, masser?) Of course, now he has been stuck with Generation X which I'm not sure I like. However, a link between Gateway and M has been suggested. Monet St. Croix has also impressed me. Some see her as a snotty rich bastiche, and she is. However, I think she has a lot of potential as a character. My gripe is that some artists do not draw her as a person with black features which may be justified since she may not have been intended as one. However a rich black female who is supposedly the perfect mutant would definitely not be a stereotypical character. This leads me to Synch. Synch (and I apologize for not knowing his real name) is THE man! Finally we have an articulate black male character! Also, he can keep his cool under fire! I don't know why is seems so hard for the media to accept the fact that black men can speak proper English and not go, "Oh, sheeooot!" at every sign of danger. I remember what the Geordie LaForge character of Star Trek:TNG was like at first. "Worf, is this your race's view of SEX?" "I got ya, commander. We switch over to warp just as the impulse engines reach maximum phase distortion. Yeeeeehooooo!" (These quotes are definitely NOT verbatim, but you can check out the first season and see what I mean). Geordie eventually evolved into a well rounded character having several episodes dedicated to him. I hope to see Synch's character similarly fleshed out. This man has a lot of potential. His power is not that original, but he seems comfortable with him. I think a romantic relationship with M would be interesting. Well, that about finishes the list. I'm positive many people can point out characters I've missed or dispute what I've said. I respect that. In fact, I'm looking for some positive feedback either in the newsgroup or through email. Anyway, I guess I can say that the state of black characters in the x-books is acceptable. This series of books is one of the few comics I can say that about. Of course, there have been only a handfull of black characters who have been explored. I hope that one day it won't seem so important to enumerate the inclusion of black characters and just accept all characters based on the merits of their personality. However, with many people over in the Star Trek newsgroups objecting strongly to something as natural as a black Vulcan, I think that we have a long way to go. Honestly, you really have to be black to understand how it is to be black. Let's invert reality. Imagine turning on the television and seeing all black people and maybe one light skinned person for every twenty dark skinned ones. Pick up a magazine and see the same thing. It's this way at work, in class (for those in college), at the mall, everywhere. It seems like you have to try hard to see your own kind. Magazines that list the twenty most beautiful people in the world have maybe one or two of your race. Comic books depict heroic epics with few characters you can relate to racially. Women clutch their purses as you walk buy. Store clerks follow you around. Professors are surprised when you can eloquently discuss a topic in class. It sounds uncomfortable, doesn't it? Well, I'm putting away my podium. I hope I didn't get too long winded or hurt anyone's sensibilities (well, not too much). I know this went over a lot of people's heads. I also know a lot of people would not care less if there wasn't a single non-white character in comic books. Too many people cannot appreciate the beauty of diversity. I commend the various writers and artists of the X-books for bringing to life some characters this little black boy could relate to and admire. Infinite Diversity in Infinite Combinations -- "To whom much is given much is required." Peace and Prosperity, Anjuan Rey Simmons anj...@mail.utexas.edu
My series on the posts I made to NNTP newsgroups as a young Minority Tech continues! Here, I respond to someone who wanted to talk about Storm. Given my established affection for the character, is it surprising that I jumped in?
From: anj...@mail.utexas.edu (Anjuan Rey Simmons) Subject: Re: Start Discussion on Storm Date: 1995/08/11 Message-ID: <email@example.com>#1/1 X-Deja-AN: 107968542 references: <9508101918.AA23345@whstar.wh.att.com> <Pine.SUN.3.91.950811090131.23265Afirstname.lastname@example.org> organization: The University of Texas at Austin newsgroups: rec.arts.comics.xbooks In article <Pine.SUN.3.91.950811...@taurus.oac.uci.edu>, Josh Taylor <eaf...@taurus.oac.uci.edu> wrote: > On 10 Aug 1995, Clint Gerdine wrote: > > Hello All, > > > > I wanted to start a discussion on Storm, easily the most neglected X-man which > > is quite suprising given she's one of the most powerful and is leader of the > > Gold Team. I believe the neglect of Storm started with #170 when she stabbed > > Callisto through the heart. This seemed to ruin her inner serenity and lead her > > on the road to angst and subsequently neglect. > As maintainer of the Storm Page, I feel a certain need to join this thread. I thank Mr. Gerdine for starting this discussion, and I hope it yields a postive response. The character of Storm has led quite a tumultous history. I think this can be attributed to the fact that a lot of writers just don't know how to handle her. I think Mr. Gerdine is correct in that her character began to change during the Morlock encounter with Callisto. I'm not sure who was the writer of Uncanny X-Men during that time, but I think the intention was to make Storm a "harder" character. Of course, this storyline was pratically ignored from that point on, and Storm was seldolmly seen interacting with her Morlock followers. From that time onward, many writers have tried to portray her according to their particular perspective. There was no "standard" Storm like there is a "standard" Wolverine or a "standard" Cyclops. It was easier to portray her as the cold and under control leader than to show her as a character with deep empathy and compassion. I am by no means saying that Storm was a completely trashed character. She did have her shining moments under the graceful pen of Claremont. However, recent authors have not captured her esscence, at least in my opinion. She has been overshadowed for the most part by Rogue and Psylocke (the "babes" of the X-Men). Without solid writing, I fear that Storm will become simple eye candy (especially under the pencil of some "legs and breasts" artists) whose main function is a lightning bolt or occasional airlift. Well, that's my two mites. I hope others bring their responses to this discussion. Take care and visit the Storm Page! Storm Page: http://nesc.me.utexas.edu/~asimmons/storm.html -- "To bring Light into the darkness" Anjuan Rey Simmons anj...@mail.utexas.edu Electrical Engineering UT Austin http://nesc.me.utexas.edu/~asimmons/
This is the fourth part in a series chronicling the posts I made as a college student. I clearly had a strong interest in Ororo Munroe, the mutant known as Storm.
Path: pad-thai.cam.ov.com!bloom-beacon.mit.edu!news.media.mit.edu!grapevine.lcs.mit.edu!chaos.dac.neu.edu!usenet.eel.ufl.edu!usenet.cis.ufl.edu!caen!math.ohio-state.edu!howland.reston.ans.net!news.sprintlink.net!cs.utexas.edu!geraldo.cc.utexas.edu!smf-b10.facsmf.utexas.edu!user From: anj...@mail.utexas.edu (Anjuan Rey Simmons) Newsgroups: rec.arts.comics.xbooks Subject: The Power of Storm Date: Thu, 26 Jan 1995 11:32:24 -0600 Organization: University of Texas at Austin Lines: 27 Message-ID: <email@example.com> NNTP-Posting-Host: smf-b10.facsmf.utexas.edu Hello, all. I thought I would post a few thoughts about Ororo. She seems to be one the most underused characters in the history of the X-Men for someone of her power. You would think someone who could control the elements can be used for more than just an occasional lightning bolt or air lift. Let's look at a little mythology. In nearly all the pantheons the concept that was given the most attention was the force of nature. Many of the "All Fathers" of the myths of various cultures had control over nature. Zeus, king of the Olympian gods, could hurl powerful thunderbolts and was associated the earth and sky. The mighty Thor from Norse Mythology was also known for his control over the weather. Similar examples can be found in many other mythological pantheons (which I could go into had I my reference material at hand). I'm not saying Storm has been ignored. There was a time when she was a very well explored character (she was and still is leader of a team of X-Men). However, lately she seems to have fallen off a little. I'm not an expert on the history of the X-Men so perhaps my view can be contradicted by someone else (a discussion which I welcome). It's just that it seems that so many facets of her as a character can be explored. Well, thanks for the time. -- --------------------------------------------------------------------- To whom much is given much is required. Peace and Prosperity, Anjuan Rey Simmons
This is Part 3 in a series I'm doing about posts I made as a young Minority Tech. Here I'm discussing how comic book artists often get things wrong when drawing even popular characters. Looking back over the 20 years that have passed since I wrote this, I can say that I was quite the arrogant young man . . .
Path: bga.com!news.sprintlink.net!howland.reston.ans.net!cs.utexas.edu!geraldo.cc.utexas.edu!tarawera.ece.utexas.edu!user From: anj...@mail.utexas.edu (Anjuan Rey Simmons) Newsgroups: rec.arts.comics.xbooks Subject: X-Portrayals Date: Thu, 09 Mar 1995 11:00:05 -0600 Organization: The University of Texas at Austin Lines: 32 Message-ID: <firstname.lastname@example.org> NNTP-Posting-Host: tarawera.ece.utexas.edu Hello, fellow X-ers. This is just a quick post before I have to go to class. It's about the way some artists portray the X-Men, particularly Ororo and Logan. Here are my two main nitpicks: Ororo's eyes: I think it is an established fact that Ororo has blue eyes which are slightly catlike. Most artists get this right. However, lately a lot of them have got into the habit of drawing her without any pupils at all. I think that this is supposed to be indicative of her powers being activated, but a lot of artists draw her like this even if she is not using her powers. I can understand drawing the pupiless Storm for dramatic effect, but sometimes it gets out of hand. Logan's claws: Most people know that Logan has three claws in each arm. Well, what a lot of artists don't seem to know is how long they are. I believe it is stated in OHOTMUDE that Logan's claws are about as long as his forearm. This makes sense because they are housed in his forearm when they are not extended ('popped'). However, a lot of artists have drawn Wolverine with claws much longer than that. If his claws were that long, then when he retracted them they would go all the way up to his shoulders! Logan couldn't even bend his arms like that! Well, those are my two major gripes. I'm not going to even get into Jubilee's eyes, Gambit's eyes, Logan's hair, Rogues' stripe, or Longshot's fingers (but feel free to discuss them in the newsgroup). I better run to class now. I have only one more test before I can pretty much relax for spring break. I hope you all have a fun and safe time (for those of you who get a spring break). I'm going to actually be away from the computer for a whole five days (pray for me). Also, thanks for all who responded to my previous topics (Black Depictions, X-Women, X-Ages, X-Trek). It's good to generate some THOUGHT. Peace and Prosperity
This is part two of a series about post I made as a young college student. Here I discuss whether comic book movies should be animated or live action. Of course, this was in 1995 which was five years before Bryan Singer's first X-Men movie. I have to say, 20 years after I wrote this, that I was completely wrong. Obviously, live action adaptations of comic books can work. In fact, I now think that they can only work using real actors.
Path: nntp.gmd.de!newsserver.jvnc.net!yale.edu!spool.mu.edu!uwm.edu!vixen.cso.uiuc.edu!howland.reston.ans.net!cs.utexas.edu!geraldo.cc.utexas.edu!smf-n14.facsmf.utexas.edu!user From: anj...@mail.utexas.edu (Anjuan Rey Simmons) Newsgroups: rec.arts.comics.xbooks Subject: Animated vs. Live Date: Sat, 11 Feb 1995 20:51:31 -0600 Organization: The University of Texas at Austin Lines: 30 Message-ID: <email@example.com> NNTP-Posting-Host: smf-n14.facsmf.utexas.edu Hello, peoples. I'm not sure if this has been discussed before, but I have read messages about the so-called "X-Cast" for a hypothetical X-Men movie. Well, I maintain that the only way to make a true X-Men movie is to make an animated one. I'm not talking the X-Men cartoon made into a two hour flick, but I mean animation on the level of the <Lion King> or Japanese animation. Why? Comic books should be animated based on the principle of the medium. We have characters who are drawn in ways that no real life person can ever emulate (sometimes too ureal, but that's another thread). Only animation can capture the mirrored metallic skin of Collosus, the claws snikting out of Wolverine's hands, or the bamf of Nightcrawler. I know that Tim Burton's <Batman> was a great success (which is beyond me), but think how well it could have been done with quality animation. Face it, no actor can ever really look like Cyclops or any other character, but animation can make it possible. As I stated already, it would have to be quality animation. Maybe even with computer generated backgrounds using raytracing ala the arcade game <Killer Instinct>. I really think a well done animated movie can do very well in America (look at the legacy of Disney). However, I don't know of any American animation studios (except Disney) who could do it well enough. Maybe it will have to be made in Japan (everything else is). Of course, the choice of voice actors will continue to be a topic to be debated. Well, that's may posting for the week. Discussion is welcome. -- "To whom much is given much is required." Anjuan Rey Simmons Electrical Engineering UT Austin anj...@mail.utexas.edu
This is a series of posts from my time as an electrical engineering major at The University of Texas at Austin. I was very much into X-Men comics at the time, and I had a special interest in the character named Storm. I even set up a page for her using the free account I had as a student. The URL was http://nesc.me.utexas.edu/~asimmons/storm.html. I told the world about it on July 31, 1995 in various newgroups that I followed at the time.
From: Anjuan Rey Simmons <asim...@nesc.me.utexas.edu> Subject: The STORM PAGE Updated! Date: 1995/07/31 Message-ID: <Pine.LNX.3.91.950731203337.9487Afirstname.lastname@example.org>#1/1 X-Deja-AN: 107260117 organization: The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas content-type: TEXT/PLAIN; charset=US-ASCII mime-version: 1.0 newsgroups: rec.arts.comics.xbooks,rec.arts.comics.marvel.xbooks,rec.arts.comics.marvel.universe,alt.comics.fan-fiction Greetings readers and fans of the X-Men books. This is a post to let you know that the STORM PAGE has been updated with two new links to the Storm Gallery. That means fourteen new scans of pictures that I think reflect the depth of the character. The address is: http://nesc.me.utexas.edu/~asimmons/storm.html For those of you who have visited the STORM PAGE before, please stop by and see the changes. If you have never heard of the STORM PAGE, then this is a great opportunity to find out what it is! Come find out about one of the most dynamic characters in the Marvel Universe. While you are visiting, please send me any comments on how the site can be improved. Thanks for your time. I-------------------------------------------------------------------------I I"To bring Light into the darkness" I IAnjuan Rey Simmons anj...@mail.utexas.edu I IElectrical Engineering http://nesc.me.utexas.edu/~asimmons/ I IUT Austin I I-------------------------------------------------------------------------I