mind, philosophy of
 
 
The branch of philosophy that is concerned with the nature of mental phenomena in general and the role of consciousness, sensation, perception, concepts, action, reasoning, intention, belief, memory, etc. in particular. Standard problems include those of free will, personal identity, mind-body problem, other minds, computationalism, etc.
 

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The philosophers of mind deal with metaphysics as it is concerned with the nature of mental phenomena, how mental phenomena are related to natural phenomena, and philosophical psychology broadly construed. Philosophy of psychology is sometimes considered as a subfield of philosophy of mind. However it is, perhaps, more closely related to philosophy of science.
 
In contrast to philosophy of psychology, philosophical psychology (and thus philosophy of mind) is concerned with investigations of folk psychology and focuses on discussions of such 'common sense' concepts as memory, sensation, perception, consciousness, belief, desire, intentions, action, reasoning, and so on. The more metaphysical problems include, first and foremost, the mind-body problem as well as the problems of free will, personal identity, and self-deception.
 
Recently, much of the work in philosophy of mind has become closely associated to the interdisciplinary field of cognitive science. As cognitive scientists, philosophers of mind have become interested in a number of new problems including the relation between computation and thought, representations in the brain, and functionalism as it relates to minds.
 
 
Chris Eliasmith