phenomenology
 
 
(1) subjective or phenomenal experience (2) a systematic study of consciousness from a first-person perspective originated by Husserl. See phenomenological critique of representationalism.
 

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The term 'phenomenology' is often used in a general sense to refer to subjective experiences of various types. In a more specialized sense it refers to a disciplined study of consciousness from a 1st-person perspective. As a discipline it is often associated with the German philosopher Edmund Husserl (1859-1938) and numerous European philosophers influenced by him, including Martin Heidegger, Jean-Paul Sartre, and Maurice Merleau-Ponty.
 
In the philosophy of mind there exists continuing debate about the validity and usefulness of this approach to the study of consciousness.
 
 
S. Gallagher