McClelland, James S.
 
 
(b. 1948-. Ph.D. cognitive psychology,University of Pennsylvania, 1975). McClelland's main contribution lies in his cooperation with David Rumelhart and the PDP research group in re-introducing parallel distributed computational models of mental function to cognitive science in the United States in the mid-1980s.
 

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McClelland served as Assistant and then as Associate Professor at the University of California in San Diego from 1974 to 1984, until he moved to Carnegie-Mellon University in 1984, where he became Professor of Psychology in 1985. McClelland's main contribution lies in his cooperation with David Rumelhart and the PDP research group in re-introducing parallel distributed computational models of mental function to cognitive science in the United States in the mid-1980s. In a series of publications, McClelland has argued that the fine grained data of cognitive psychology, particularly from the domain of language perception and processing, can only be accounted for by positing parallel, distributed, or connectionist, computational models, as opposed to the serial, sequential, Von Neumannesque computational models favored by classical AI. Among his more important publications are Parallel Distributed Processing: Explorations in the Microstructure of Cognition. (with David Rumelhart and the PDP Research Group, 1986), 'The Case for Interactionism in Language Processing' (1987), and 'Parallel Distributed Process: Implications for Cognition and Development' (1989).
 
 
Tadeusz Zawidzki