A method of reasoning by which one infers a generalization from a series of instances. See abduction, deduction.

Inductive syllogisms are of the following form:
These beans are from this bag. (and these beans..., and these beans..., etc.)
These beans are (all) white.
Therefore, all beans from this bag are white.
In a much broader sense, induction can be thought to include various other forms of reasoning including analogical reasoning, inference to cause form symptoms, and confirmation of laws and theories.
Chris Eliasmith