folk psychology:
The common-sense conceptual framework that we, as human beings, employ to understand, predict, and explain the behavior of other humans and higher animals.
Chris Eliasmith

functional role semantics:

The view that the physical realization of a functional component is not, in some sense, its essence. Rather, what makes a functional component the type it is, is characterized in terms of its role in relating inputs to outputs and its relations to other functional components. See multiple realizability, Turing machine, functionalism(2), causal functionalism.
<Details & References> Chris Eliasmith


An explanatory approach to behavior and the constitution of cognitive states that regards particular behaviors and cognitive structures and capacities as playing functional roles in particular domains or contexts. See also functionalism(1), causal functionalism, explanation.
<Details & References> Daniel Barbiero