The view that, because mental states and properties are items posited by a protoscientific theory (called folk psychology), the science of the future is likely to conclude that entities such as beliefs, desires, and sensations do not exist. The alternate most often offered is physicalist and the position is thus often called 'eliminative materialism'.
<Details & References> Teed Rockwell

Properties of a complex physical system are emergent just in case they are neither (i) properties had by any parts of the system taken in isolation nor (ii) resultant of a mere summation of properties of parts of the system.
<Details & References> Pete Mandik

In its strong form, the thesis that there is no knowable reality behind appearances. Thus, it is the job of science to catalog the formal relations which hold between appearances without claims of describing reality. See phenomenalism.
<Details> Chris Eliasmith

The doctrine that mental phenomena are not causal despite the fact they may seem to be.
Chris Eliasmith

A major branch of philosophy that concerns the forms, nature, and preconditions of knowledge.
<Details> Pete Mandik

equivalence thesis:
The equivalence thesis states that for any proposed notion of truth, each instance of the schema "S is true if and only if P" resulting from the substitution of a translation of the sentence designated by S for P, is true. This thesis is often taken to be a minimal requirement on any notion of truth.
<Details & References> Whit Schonbein

experimental philosophy:

A structure, act, or process that provides understanding.
<Details & References> Paul Thagard
explicit memory:
See memory, explicit.

Externalists hold that there are mental events that do not supervene merely on physical events internal to the agent's body, but supervene on environmental events as well. Also known as anti-individualism.
<Details & References> Pete Mandik