A method of reasoning by which one infers a conclusion from a set of sentences by employing the axioms and rules of inference for a given logical system. See abduction, induction.
<Details> Chris Eliasmith

design stance:

desire, second-order:
Desire about desires. That is, desire of the form 'I want x' where x is a desire.
Chris Eliasmith

distributed representation:

Pertaining to belief. Alternatively, also pertaining to states sufficiently like beliefs (thoughts, judgments, opinions, desires, wishes, fears).
<Details> Pete Mandik

dual-aspect theory:
A view forwarded by Spinoza (also called the dual-attribute theory) in which the unitary substance God is expressed in the distinct modes of the mental and the physical. See dualism.
Chris Eliasmith

Most generally, the view that reality consists of two disparate parts. In philosophy of mind, the belief that the mental and physical are deeply different in kind: thus the mental is at least not identical with the physical. See occasionalism, doctrine of preestablished harmony, substance dualism, property dualism, Cartesian interactionist dualism, mind-body problem, monism.
<Details & References> Chris Eliasmith

dualism, Cartesian interactionist:
The view that: (1) the mental and the material comprise two different classes of substance and; (2) each can have causal effects on the other. See dualism.
Pete Mandik

dualism, property:
The view that the mental and the physical comprise two different classes of property that are coinstantiated in the same objects. See dualism, substance dualism.
<Details & References> Pete Mandik

dualism, substance:
The view that the mental and the physical comprise two different classes of objects: minds and bodies. See dualism, property dualism.
<Details> Pete Mandik

dynamical systems theory:
An area of mathematics used to describe the behavior of complex systems by employing differential and difference equations. Recently this approach has been advanced by some as the best way to describe human cognition. See also symbolicism, connectionism.
<Details & References> Chris Eliasmith