cognitive science
Cognitive science is the interdisciplinary study which attempts to further our understanding of the nature of thought.

The major contributing disciplines to cognitive science include philosophy, psychology, computer science, linguistics, neuroscience and anthropology.
There are two standard computational approaches to modeling cognitive systems in cognitive science. The first is classicism (or symbolicism) and deals with thought in terms of symbolic processing. The second is known as connectionism and understands thought processes as a set of connections between nodes in a distributed network. One goal of cognitive science is to design a cognitive architecture on which to build intelligent systems. According to Andy Clark, cognitive science, "sets out to explain the mechanisms implicated in events which are recognizably psychological in nature, such as reasoning, planning, and object recognition." (Clark, 1993).
William Willaford