Broca, Paul
 
 
(b. 1824, Sainte-Foy-la-Grande, France, d. 1880, Paris, M.D., University of Paris, 184)9. Broca is best known for the localization of a speech area in the brain. Prior to his discovery, the doctrine of Pierre Flourens, that cognitive function was distributed homogeneously throughout the brain, was widely accepted.
 

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Broca spent his career at the University of Paris (1853-1880). Broca is best known for the localization of a speech area in the brain. Prior to his discovery, the doctrine of Pierre Flourens, that cognitive function was distributed homogeneously throughout the brain, was widely accepted. Broca predicted that a certain patient with a disorder in speech articulation would have a lesion in the third left frontal convolution of the brain. When the patient died, a postmortem confirmed Broca’s prediction, and Broca presented this finding to the French Society of Anthropology, publishing a paper on the case in 1861. This area of the brain became known as ‘Broca’s area’ and for some time was specified as the speech area of the brain. Later research indicated that speech is too complicated a mechanism to be confined to one specific area of the brain.
 
  
Tadeusz Zawidzki