Babbage, Charles

*(b. 1792, London, UK, d. 1871, London, UK). Babbage is often referred as the "father of computing" because of his invention of the analytical engine, a prototype of which was completed far after his death.*

**Details:**

Babbage is often referred as the "father of computing" because of his invention of the analytical engine, a prototype of which was completed far after his death. Upon entering Trinity College, Cambridge, in 1811, he found himself far in advance of his tutors in mathematics. With Herschel, Peacock, and others, Babbage founded the Analytical Society for promoting continental mathematics and reforming the mathematics of Newton then taught at the university. In his twenties Babbage worked as a mathematician, principally in the calculus of functions. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society, in 1816, and played a prominent part in the foundation of the Astronomical Society (later Royal Astronomical Society) in 1820. It was about this time that Babbage first acquired the interest in calculating machinery that became his consuming passion for the remainder of his life. Throughout his life Babbage worked in many intellectual fields typical of his day, and made contributions that would have assured his fame irrespective of the Difference and Analytical Engines. Prominent among his published works are A Comparative View of the Various Institutions for the Assurance of Lives (1826), Table of Logarithms of the Natural Numbers from 1 to 108,000 (1827), Reflections on the Decline of Science in England (1830), On the Economy of Machinery and Manufactures (1832), Ninth Bridgewater Treatise (1837), and the autobiographical Passages from the Life of a Philosopher (1864). Babbage occupied the Lucasian chair of mathematics at Cambridge from 1828 to 1839. He played an important role in the establishment of the Association for the Advancement of Science and the Statistical Society (later Royal Statistical Society). Despite his many achievements, the failure to construct his calculating machines, and in particular the failure of the government to support his work, left Babbage in his declining years a disappointed and embittered man.

Tadeusz Zawidzki