B


background, the:
 
A set of nonrepresentational capacities that enable all representing to take place. The Background includes biological and cultural capacities, skills, stances, assumptions and presuppositions. Introduced in Searle (1978). See also intentionality, intention-in-action, implicit memory, tacit knowledge.
 
<Details & References> Daniel Barbiero
 

behaviorism:

The theory according to which mental states can be analyzed in terms of observable behavior or dispositions to engage in such behavior.
 
<Details & References> Jesse Prinz