A number of questions have arisen on my Youtube channel recently, so I decided to collect them all in one place for easier reference. I'll be adding to this periodically if new information surfaces. If you have a question, feel free to contact me via my Youtube channel or site comment forms, as well as twitter, tumblr or my facebook page... I'll try to answer as promptly as I can. If not on my Youtube channel, please check here to see if your question hasn't already been answered :)
Also, this FAQ has been restructures to that Q & A is now organized by category.
Q: Do I need to pay for PMD Editor or MMD?
A: Absolutely not! If you did, you got ripped off. The only thing you may need to pay for is 3D modelling software if you decide to make your own models, and even then there are half decent freebies available.
Q: How do I make a .sph or .spa file?
A: Consult this
page. You'll need a graphics program (such as Photoshop) or anything that comes with a spherize/fisheye filter/effect.
Q: Is Vocaloid an Anime?
A: No. There are however, several fan created animations and comics. You can check Youtube, Nico Nico Douga, or Deviantart for them. Some of the characters have little mini backstories, but nothing too heavy. There are also
unofficial comics for sale, such as the Unofficial Hatsune Mix comic by Kei, Miku's box art illustrator.
Q: Video Games?
A: There are several Vocaloid games, such as the Project Diva series, and a number of fan games distributed over the internet. Many of them make use of MMD models, although it's hardly uncommon for diehard fans to mod Vocaloid characters into popular games like Grand Theft Auto, Half Life 2, Team Fortress 2 and GMOD.
Q: Where do I find MMD?
A: If you want to download MMD, type 'VPVP
' or 'MikuMiku Dance
Google search. The first result you get should say 'VPVP'. That's where
you get Miku Miku Dance.
Q: MMD (version 6-7 or later) gives me am error saying "d3dx9_32.dll" was not found?
A: You'll need the DirectX End User Runtimes
. If the web installer gives you an error, you may need to download the most recent runtimes as a full download. If you still get an error when trying to open mmd and have already installed the full download, sometimes trying the web installer a second time may work. In my case I was trying to install it before Windows updates had been completed for my new PC.
Q: I get errors when trying to run PMD & MMD together? IE: "OUT OF VIDEO MEMORY"
A: This simply means that you don't have enough resources to do both at once. In order to run, every program has a minimum memory requirement. If you don't have enough RAM (Random Access Memory) there's not enough space to store the data that's sent to the Graphics Card. As a result, no data is relayed to the display. This can cause the preview within the program to Grey out.
Q: The textures on my models/accessories are all gone?
A: If they aren't in the same folder, move or copy them to where the model is. OR move the model to where the textures are, if they're shared by several models. Sometimes .sph files can interfere with your textures, so if you tried the above and haven't had success, try going into pmd editor and removing the .sph filename from the material using it.
Q: Why does MMD give me an error when I try to put a video in the background?
*As pointed out by Antiqu-Bakery
video you want to import/use must be in AVI format, encoded using
Microsoft Video 1. MMD does not support videos in other formats, or
rendered with any other codecs. Many users have downloaded videos and
noticed that they do not work for this reason.
Q: Which codec is the best for rendering?*As pointed out by Antiqu-Bakery
Rendering results depend largely on the computer. There isn't a 'best' codec, although you may find that you like certain ones for the quality and filesize. Certain codecs however, will ensure that you can play your videos back on certain devices, or in mmd itself (Microsoft video 1). Regardless of codec, there is no substitute for a proper screen size. If your screen size is too small at the time you go to render your project, the video will appear more pixelated, regardless of the codec you use.
Q: How do I render in HD?
The standard resolution
for Windows Media Player is 320 x 240. One of the lowest commonly used desktop resolutions these days is 1024 x 768. If you wish to render in 720p
, you'd need a screen resolution of 1280 x 720. For 1080p
, you'd need 1920 x 1080.
Q: My textures are in the same folder, same problem?
A: Open PMD Editor and find the material that links to the image. Match the filenames and see if they preview. Also, check to make sure the file extensions are correct. JPG files may preview in PMD Editor but they won't preview in MMD because the format is not supported (Unless you're using one of the newer Pilots). Convert the files with either paint (if you have the ability to save to other formats besides BMP, good for you) or another graphics program such as Photoshop or Fireworks.
Q: I can't download this file, host it for me?
A: I can only host certain files, some authors give limited
distribution permissions if any at all. Also, hosting on Mediafire means
the files have to go through my computer first, I take extra care about
viruses but this would still put others at risk, so most likely that's a
Q: Where do I get Windows 100% Models?
A: Those are the only ones you can't download. You have to order an issue of Windows 100% magazine (which is also in Japanese, but comes with a disk), or if you want a bunch at once, get the MMD starter pack one. You may need to order off of Amazon or eBay.jp. You'll be responsible for converting funds to Yen.
Q: Where can I find PMD Editor?
A: For the latest listed releases, check the VPVP Wiki at this page.
Q: How do I know which version of the editor is latest?
A: The closer it is to the top of the page, the newer it is. As of right now the wiki has this guide near the top of the page, but you'll need to scroll down to find the links to those actual versions. Versions older than SlimDX have been removed as they are considered to be obsolete.
Q: Which file is which on the uploader?
A: Each file has a description beside it. Use Google Translate so
you can see the text in English. The translation is mechanical so you'll
have to interpret the grammar on your own. PMD Editor versions will all
have ''PMD'' and a version number next to them (IE: PMDディタ 0.0.4.9)
Q: I get a 403 error when I try to download PMD?
A: You only need to be concerned if it says 404 (Not Found), 500 (Internal Server Error), or 503 (Service Unavailable), or anything BUT 403. When Nanami's site was password protected, users probably would have seen a 401 (Unauthorized) error.
Just highlight the address bar and hit 'Enter' if it doesn't work when you right click and try to save the link. Better yet, if it's the 'xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx/log###.zip' kind of download, remember the 3 digit number and remove log and everything after it. Now highlight the page and hit enter. Find the download with the same number, and right click/save. Because this is the main site, it should work better.
Q: How do I keep my downloads from cutting out?
A: Depends on your situation, but there are a couple of things that may work. First, try downloading in another browser. I went back and forth from IE to Firefox (which at first didn't seem to work at all) and then to Opera and Chrome. You can also use a download manager such as Downthemall or the built in feature that comes with Chrome. Myself, I got fewer errors in Opera & Chrome than IE and FF.
Also, you may want to try downloading the files directly from the uploader. Anything that shows up as "xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx/log###.zip" in the bottom left corner (assuming your status bar is enabled) will likely be worth noting the file number and finding it in the uploader index.
Q: Is there another site to download this?
A: At present, no. There are all kinds of MMD/PMD mirrors floating around on Mediafire or 4Shared but I wouldn't recommend using them if you don't know who posted the files. If you don't have any luck downloading it yourself you might have to try downloading from either another browser or another computer. Personally I've never had to resort to the latter of the two.
*Please Note: VPVP Wiki will occasionally shuffle their files around, so links may become outdated. It's best to double check there in case my links go down without me knowing.*
Q: What are the basic requirements for running PMD Editor?
A: The requirements are listed on the PMD Editor tutorial, they are as follows...1. .NET Framework
*.NET Framework 4.0 (Web Installer) <-- Required for the latest versions. Anything labelled PMX Editor*.NET Framework 3.5 (Web Installer)2. DirectX3. DirectX End User Runtimes
<--Includes the first Service packs for 2.0 and 3.0
*.NET Framework 2.0
<-- SlimDX (0.0.6.3) or earlier
3.5 is not required but it's recommended that you download it anyway, but make sure you do so before you attempt to install 4.0. All .NET Frameworks must be installed in order from oldest to newest. In the case of SlimDX and prior versions, you will need .NET Framework 2.0 installed, however this version will require you to download the 32 or 64 bit version depending whether you have 32 or 64 bit Windows installed on your PC.
If the Redistributable .NET Framework doesn't work for you, the SDK should.
Recommended for users without an internet
connection at the time of installation. I used it when I was setting up
PMD on my PC (before the internet was hooked up again). Always be sure
to have the latest package (in case Microsoft puts one out before I can
update this page again). You may also want to use this if you received any errors when attempting to use the Web Installer.
Q: I used the Full Installer: What do I do with the End User Runtimes?
A: You'll be asked where you want to extract the files. I like to go to 'My Computer' and make a folder called 'DirectX'. You can drop everything in there. Next, go into the folder and look for 'DXSETUP.exe'. Run it and it'll install everything officially for you.
Q: Do I really need DirectX?
A: Yes. Chances are you already have a version of it installed on your PC, but you may need to download version 9.0c if you haven't got that installed already. If you've bought a new PC recently that has DirectX 10 or higher, you shouldn't need to install anything (unconfirmed).
Q: Do I really need .NET framework 2.0?
A: Not anymore! (Unless you want SlimDX or Showmo's translation) The
most recent PMD release (at the time this is written) calls for .Net
Framework 4.0 (but it'd be a good idea to get 3.5 as well if you're having problems running anything), meaning you probably don't have to backtrack anymore
unless your computer came with 4.0 and you need 3.5 for some reason. ALL
of the older versions have been taken offline.
It works hand in hand with DirectX (.NET Framework 2.0 requires that a
version of DirectX to be installed on your PC for the computer to work).
You also need it to be able to open the viewer, or you'll get an
'Unhandled exception has occurred' message from Windows OR if JIT debugging isn't enabled, a dialog prompting you to enable it using Visual Studio. Fixing this
won't fix the problem though (and you need the paid version to be able to enable it), just the debugger.
Q: Trying to install .NET framework 2.0, but it can't be used?
A: You may have a newer version (3 or later) installed on your PC. You
can check by going into the control panel and running Add/Remove
Software, which will give you a list of programs currently installed on
your PC. You may need to click 'show updates' to see it.
is the case, uninstall any versions of .NET Framework newer than the one
you're trying to install, and follow the prompts if you need to
restart. From that point, run the setup for the one you want, and
Windows update should offer you the versions afterward (it's recommended
that you install 3.5 as well as 4.0).
Q: I can't install .NET framework 3.5
A: If you're running Windows 7, go into your control panel and find "Turn Windows features on or off". You may need to type this into the search bar, but don't worry. It should be there. Click that and a box will come up will pop up that's full of programs and stuff in a checklist format. Find the .NET framework you just installed and make sure to check it off (and get it's sub items too while you're at it).
Q: How do I know what version to get? What's the difference between x64 and x86?
A: x64 is for 64 bit windows, and x86 is for 32 bit. See here
for the difference. If you're installing 4.0 the web installer will auto-detect the version for you.
Q: I've installed DirectX 9.0c, but the program still gives me errors?
A: Download and run the End User Web Installer and run it, or download the End User Runtimes for June 2010, or the latest available version offered by Microsoft. The Web installer requires you have Internet access at the time. It can also be used to update your DirectX automatically.
Q: I've set up the components before and PMD Editor works, but a new version doesn't detect that I have it installed?
A: Run the End User Web installer. This will update your files and should fix anything if it's been corrupted.
Q: "PMD Editor has stopped working..." - On Startup
A: This could indicate lacking, or improperly installed components. Or a conflict with your current Windows setup. Also, try to install a different version and see if the same happens.
Q: PMD Editor never opens
A: In the case of the newer versions, I'd installed .NET framework 4 and found this to be the case for everything after SlimDX. What I had to do was to uninstall that, (restart when prompted of course), download and install .NET framework 3.5 (then enable it under "turn windows features on or off") and re-install .NET framework 4 again. This allowed me to open the program (also take note, if this still doesn't open the progam, ie: it doesn't respond to clicking on the icon, try downloading a newer version).
Q: I get a string of errors on startup, "Could not load file or assembly"
A: A BIG thanks to Yaoiboy777
for pointing this one out (I had this problem too). Make sure you still have the .zip file with the program in it, but before you open it be sure to right click and find Properties > Unblock. Apparently you may also need to do this with some plugins as well. I found that while the program still opened, it generated a LONG string of error dialogs like this.
Q: "PMD Editor has stopped working..." - While using program
A: You might be presented with the selection "Debug" and "Close Program" (For Vista or 7 the options may be different), or you may also be given the option to "Ignore" the problem. Sometimes, you can get around these errors by hitting "Ignore", or by dragging the prompt out of the way and continuing to work. Here's how to tell.
When you hit ignore, you might be able to continue working. Try to replicate what you were doing when you got the prompt, in my installation I noticed that in a certain model splitting materials caused this. Restarting PMD and reloading the model seemed to correct the problem. This means it was just a glitch in the program.
Other times, hitting ignore will generate the prompt instantaneously. I've only seen this happen if the prompt comes up at startup (see previous answer).
In some cases, you'll have no option but to close the program. If this happens to you, the best thing to do would be to try another version, or if none of the newer versions work for you, go back and see if SlimDX will work. There is still a chance that a version will be released in the future that your PC can run.
Q: I can't find my plugins folder to install a Ruby Script?
A: Assuming you've installed the program in the default location (either "C:/Program Files/Google/Google Sketchup/
" or "C:/Program Files/Google Sketchup/
") look in your root directory ("Sketchup
" folder). If you are unable to see a "Plugins
" folder, go to Tools > Folder Options > View, and then check "Show hidden files and folders". Sometimes the Plugins folder is hidden, so this should allow you to see it.
Q: I can see hidden files and folders but still no Plugins folder?
A: Return to Tools > Folder Options > View, and this time make sure "Hide protected operating system files" is unchecked. This should unhide
files and/or folders that don't display even when hidden files are not hidden. Be careful to reverse the changes when you're finished if you'd rather have the files hidden (generally
a good idea, but not critical).
Q: I did all of the above, there's no folder there.
A: Sometimes the plugins folder is installed under the "Application Data" directory, separate from your sketchup folder (newer versions are supposed to give you the option to utilize the Application Data folder OR the Program Files folder as normal). This is located under "C:/Documents & Settings/User #/Application Data/"
Q: The Application Data folder is hidden too?
A: As before, go to Tools > Folder Options > View, and then check "Show hidden files and folders". If this still doesn't work, repeat the process and make sure "Hide protected operating system files" is unchecked.
Q: Where's the Sketchup folder?
A: See if there's a Google folder in your program files or even in application data folder, you'll be able to find the Sketchup folder in that.
Q: How do I enable the "Plugins" menu in the Sketchup toolbar?
A: In Sketchup, go to "Window" > "Preferences" and "Extensions". You can enable any extension you want by clicking the checkbox next to it.
"If the Plugins menu is missing, that means that you have no active plugins that need that menu item. To test, open SketchUp and click Window > Extension Warehouse. Search for the [ Example Ruby Scripts ], and install that plugin. You'll need a Google Account to download and install plugins from the Extension Warehouse. To create a new Google Account, feel free to visit this page. You don't need to have/create a Gmail email address to create a new Google Account. You can use any email address, but be sure to select the option "I prefer to use my current email address"."
-Sketchup Knowledge Center
Q: I made a model, but PMD editor won't import it (Blender).
A: First, make sure your vertices count isn't too high. The PMD file
format only supports about 65000 vertices. Though the average model
should use about 10-20 thousand vertices at the max to prevent lag in
, avoid using modifiers as much as possible. When I generated this error myself, using an un-applied modifier cause PMD to reject the model, while applying the modifier allowed PMD to work with it. However, newer versions of MMD don't seem to take that particular model. I'd have to wait for a newer release to re-test my theory and to see if that bug was fixed. I have yet to re-test the model on version 9+
Q: I made a model, but PMD editor won't import it (Metasequoia).
A: First, make sure your vertice count isn't too high. The PMD file format only supports about 65000 vertices. Though the average model should use about 10-20 thousand vertices at the max to prevent lag in MMD.Next
, take note of how many object layers you had in the list when you exported the file. Best to put them into no more than 2 objects, else PMD may have issues. You can collapse an object by click & dragging it on top of another object in the list so that the text is highlighted, then drop it.
3D Custom Girl
Q: Where do I download 3D Custom girl?
A: Due to the nature of the content, I couldn't say. All I know for sure is that non-torrent downloads are pretty rare as of this writing, so if you don't have a program (or just hate torrents like me), you may be out've luck.
Q: Where do I download TSO2PMD?
Use this link. When prompted, the password is 'custom'.
Download may be down. Currently looking for a working link.
Q: What folder are my save files in?
A: In the main program directory, look under TechArts3D > TDCG (unconfirmed).
Q: What files are they? I only see images!
A: You'll see 2 kinds of files. BMPs with a white background, and PNGs with a green background. The green files are Heavy Saves, and are what you need to use with TSO2PMD.
Q: How do I save in 3DCG?
A: To save, you just hit the Save button. To Heavy Save, hold Ctrl while you save.
Q: I downloaded 3DCG, so I thought, but what's this ISO file?
A: That's a burn image. You'd need to burn that file to a disk, then pop it back into your computer to view the files. OR, you could try Daemontools. Personally I've had success just opening it with Winrar, as it recognizes that extension somehow...
Q: TSO2PMDwon't run? I get errors trying to open it?
A: Your system locale needs to be set to Japanese, or you can try Applocale if you can't find your XP disk.
Q: TSO2PMD won't convert files? It gives me an error, something about Tmo?
A: Tmo is a file where the emotions are saved in 3DCG, and then that gets transferred to MMD when you convert. I haven't gotten around this yet, but the issue is discussed here. To start, try Running Vertices Checker, also in your TSO2PMD folder, with applocale. Drag a Heavy Save onto it, then see how many Vertices it has. The number up top is what the save has, and the one on the bottom is that max allowed in MMD.
Q: Is there a version of this that's G-Rated?
A: I certainly hope so! I've been looking for it for a while now, and found all kinds of anime dressup programs. The problem is they need to be in 3D, AND there needs to be a way to get the models out of the program and into something that's compatible with MMD.
Q: Where do I download it?
A: This Nico video releases MME and a pack of starter effects for you. The download link is here, When you're prompted for a password, type 'mme'.
Q: How do I install it?
A: Unzip the file, and copy it's contents to the root
MMD folder you wish to run it with. All files need to be in the same folder as the MMD application.
Q: What do I need to run it?
A: 1Gb RAM at the bare minimum, 2Gb is recommended to help cut down on any lag. Also, you need a good Graphics card (Nvidia supports effects that ATI does not, including fire, keyluminous, and basically all of the fun stuff like water shaders and particle effects T__T).
Installation & Windows Issues
Q: I can't install .NET Framework 2.0?
A: The most common errors I've encountered with trying to install .NET Framework are caused by your previous version being 'incompatible' according to Microsoft. In this case, check if you have a newer version by going to "Add/Remove Programs". If you have 2.0 SP1, try uninstalling it and then try the 2.0 installation again.
Sometimes the installer will give you either a ""0x643" or a "1603" error code. This just means the installer failed (evidently). See this article
, for more information about these errors, what causes them, and what you can do about it.
NOTE: Windows Vista and 7 both come with .Net Framework 2.0 pre-installed. In some cases you may still get errors running the program, but I'm working on a fix.
Q: What is Direct3D?
A: Direct3D comes with the End User Runtimes and is what ultimately powers the 3D in the software. If you get an error that mentions Direct3D, download the End-User Runtimes.
Q: Unhandled Exception, Just-In Time Debugging Failed
A: If you get a message saying that J.I.T. debugging failed because "there is no J.I.T. debugger installed", that's an entirely separate issue.
Q: How do I know what kind of Windows I have (32 or 64 bit)?
A: There is a Microsoft article that covers it here
. Alternatively you can access the same menu by right clicking "My Computer" and finding it there.
Q: What's the difference between 32 and 64 bit Windows?
A: The difference is how your processor handles information. 64 bit can handle much more RAM (Random access memory) than 32 bit. This is why you never really see refurbished machines with more than one or two Gigabytes of RAM in stores or flyers.
Q: Should I get Japanese DirectX / .NET Framework?
A: It isn't necessary to. Multilingual DirectX 9.0c will work fine. .NET Framework 2.0 should work fine just in English as well. Make sure you get the x86 version if you're using 32 bit Windows OR the x64 for 64 Bit.
Q: Will upgrading delete my old .NET Framework?
A: No. You can have older versions as well. For instance, go right ahead and install version 3.5 and it's service pack. It won't get rid of your old installations. I was actually prompted to install a security update for version 1.1 despite the fact that I'd installed 3.5 already. The install failed and nagged continuously until I finally re-downloaded version 1.1 from Windows update.
Winrar & Winzip
Q: What is a Zip or .Rar file?
A: Zip files are zipped archives created by the program Winzip. RAR files are exclusive to WinRAR, which performs the same function.
Q: Do I need Winrar?
A: Only for .Rar archives. If you have a zip, there's a built in feature with Windows XP that will read a Zip archive as a compressed folder. You can usually open it as if it were a normal folder. A word of caution, if you choose to install Winrar, when it asks you what files you want to associate with it, make sure .Zip is left unchecked or you won't be able to use Windows to unzip compressed folders.
Alternatively, there are free programs available. Winrar is pay to use, but the demo doesn't die after it expires. You just get a pop-up that can be closed. Because Winrar has been known to attempt to 'fix' filenames with characters that Windows isn't supposed to support (if the program bothers to extract them), this can break the links in your models, hence some of the disappearing textures. Japanese zip programs don't generally have this problem, they're built to recognize those filenames.
Q: What can I use besides Winrar?
A: Anything that can open Zip, Rar, or whatever file format the archive is in. Jzip
is an alternative that's free, capable, and poplar. A word of caution, when you install Jzip, it adds an
icon to your desktop for free emoticons for your MSN messenger, you
can just delete this. If you're feeling bold, try downloading Winrar in
Q: I downloaded a file but the archive is empty?
A: Sometimes downloads can be interrupted by the server or even by your browser. Usually what happens is the download will cut out prematurely (many don't even notice as they've minimized the download window so as not to be distracting) and save only part of the data. This mostly results in errors either from Winrar (The archive is empty, corrupt, or damaged) or Windows. This problem occurs often with the MMD Accessory Uploader as it disagrees with hotlinking.
Q: How should I contact you?
A: You can use the e-mail submission form here
, which sends your message right to my Inbox. If you have a Youtube account, you can comment on one of my videos, or send a Private Message. Don't get discouraged if I don't respond right away though, I'm probably just doing research and will announce my findings publicly as soon as I can.
Q: Can I help out on the site?
A: As far as webmaster duties go, I can manage that on my own for the time being. But if you stumble across some helpful information, you're more than welcome to send it along! Just be sure to have your links ready! I've actually had a few people help by contributing downloads (I'm falling a little behind in putting them up though, but that's my own fault for being lazy xD).
Alternatively, if I end up getting alot of requests I may opt to recruit people to fill model/accessory requests that are sent in. There's no 'official' way to do this yet.
Q: Will you ever run any contests?
A: I haven't got any planned at the moment, but if anything changes you'll be notified via the Wordpress blog
or my Facebook page
. There will probably
be some nice prizes though.
Q: Can you help me with this model, accessory?
A: As of 2014, I've finished up my Digital Animation course and am working at finding a job in the design/animation industry, so I can't take on requests right now. I apologize for any inconvenience but it's just taken me too long to carry out my research into certain requests from before, so those will have to be suspended indefinitely. By now another modeler has surely fulfilled your requests, or created something that will suit your needs better.