### Summary

#### Hand evaluation

Determine distribution points as follows:

1.   add length of two longest suits

2.   divide by three, rounding down

3.   subtract the length of shortest suit

Add to this the standard HCP points (A=4, K=3, Q=2, J=1) this is CV (Complete Value)

Divide by three, rounding normal, this gives the number of tricks for the hand.

E.g. 11/12/13 total points gives [4] tricks.

A hand promissing [4] tricks, e.g. opening, also promises 3 (tricks - 1) controls (A=2 and K=1 control).

Notation: [4] is 4 tricks, 3 controls; [4+] is 4 tricks, 4 controls (1 extra over minimum);

[4++] = 4 tricks 5 controls etc.

Corrections:

Add 1 trick for every card over 7 in combined trump length,

e.g. partner opens 1H (5card, [4-6] tricks:

xx  Kxx  Kxxxx Qxx

distribution: 0

HCP: 8

is [3] tricks, plus 1 for 8 card trump fit is [4] tricks, but only 2 controls so hand value is [4-]

With a 5-5 fit, subtract 1 trick.

With a singleton or void in partner’s suit: subtract 1 trick.

Good-N = N+1, meaning a good 4 card (AKQx) is considered a 5card, etc.

No splinters!

Double tends to be penalty, except of 1C/D opening: negative dbl thru 3S.

Forcing bids are underlined.

#### Opening:

·      1C = [4-6], one or both 4card majors

·      1D = [4-6], no 4card major

·      1H/S = [4-6] 5+card

·      1NT = [7] or more, any distribution

·      2C/D = [4-6], 6+card, no 4card M

·      2H = weak-2 or 5H-5m

·      2S = weak 2 or 5S-5H or 5S-5D

·      2NT = weak 2 suiter, [2-3], 5C-5D or 5C-5S

·      3NT = gambling with solid minor, nothing else.

1C-?

·         1D= 6+ HCP, relay, any distribution

·         1H/S= 6+ HCP, good 4+card

·         1NT= 6-9, balanced, no 4M

·         2x= 6-10, 4/5 playing tricks

·         2NT = [5] tricks or more, 4-4 majors

·         3x = 8-10, 5/6 playing tricks

·         3NT= 13-15, balanced, no 4M

1C-1D, ?

·         1H= [4-5], 4H, no 4S

·         1S= [4-5], 4S, no 4H

·         1SA= [4-5], 4H-4S, balanced

·         2K/R= [4-5], 4/5 card and 4H-4S

·      2H= [6], 4H

·      2S= [6], 4S

·      2NT= [6], 4H-4S

·      3C/D= [6], 4/5card, 4H-4S

·      3NT= 18-19, 4H-4S-3-2

IMPORTANT NOTE:

when responder rebids his suit at lowest level: that is GF with a good suit!

e.g. 1C-1H, 2C-2H = GF good 5+card H! Also, responding with a relay followed by a new suit is GF, e.g.

1C-1D, 2C-2D, ?  (2C=4-4-1-4 / 4-4-0-5; 2D is GF)

·            2H/S= 4-4-1-4, best major

·            2NT= 4-4-1-4, sin D honour

·            3C= 4-4-0-5

1C-1H, ?

·     1S= [4-5], 4-1-4-4 of 4-0-5-4

·     1NT= [4-5], 4S, balanced

·     2C/D= [4-5], 5+, 4S

·     2H= [4-5], good 3+card with singleton or 4card any distribution

·     2S -> 3H same meaning with [6] (2NT= 16-17). 3NT= [6+], 18-19.

·     3S, 4C, 4D= 4H support, [7+],  20-22 CV, good controls and good suit

·     4H= [7+], 20-22 CV, 4H balanced.

1C-1NT, ?

·     pas= [4-5], 11-15 balanced or 4-4-4-1

·     2C/D= [4-5], 5card, 4H and/or 4S

·     2H/S= [5], 4card and 4/4 or 4/5 minors

·     2NT= [5+], 16-17, balanced

·     3C -> 3S= [6], same meaning

·     3NT= [6+], 18-19, balanced

1C-2NT, ?

·     3C/D= [5], 4/5 card

·     3H= [4], 4card

·     3S= [4], 4card, no 4H

·     3NT= [5], balanced

·     4C/D= [6], 4/5 card

·     4H= [5], 4card

·     4S= [5], 4card, no 4H

·     4NT= [6], balanced

1D-?

·     1H/S= 6+CV, good 4+card

·     1NT= 6-9, balanced

·     2C/D= 10+CV, 4+card

·     2H/S= 4/5 play tricks, 6-10, good 5+card

·     2NT= 13+, both minors, 4+ controls

·     3x= 5/6 play tricks, 8-10, good 6+card

·     3NT= 13-15, balanced

·     4C= [5], both minors

1D-2C, ?

·     2D= [4], 5card, 3-3-5-2

·     2H/S= [4], good 3card, small doubleton or 3 smalll in other major

·     2NT= [4], stops in H and S

·     3C= [5], 4/5 card support, not 3-3-3-4

·     3D>3NT= [5], same meaning as before

·     4C= [6], 4/5 card, unbalanced

·     4D/H/S= [7+], 4/5card,  natural

·     4NT= [6+], balanced with a C honour

·     5C= [7], 2-2-4-5

1M-?

·     1H-1S= 6+, 4+S

·     1NT= 6-9

·     2C/D= 10+, 4+card

·     1S-2H= 10+, 5+card

·     raise= [2-3], good 3card with short suit or 4card support

·     1H-2S= 6-10, 5 play tricks

·     2NT= [5] or more, 4card support and 4 controls or more

·     3x= 8-10, 5/6 play tricks

·     jump raise= [4], 4card support with short suit

·     3NT= 13-15, balanced

·     game raise= [5], 4card support, short suit, less than 4 controls

1M-2NT, ?

·     3C/D= [5], 4+card

·     3M= [4], any distribution

·     3OM= [5], 4card

·     3NT= [5], balanced

·     4 new suit= [6], 4+card

·     4M= [5], 5card possible

·     4NT= [6], balanced

1NT-?

·     2C= negative, 0-7

·     2D/H/S= 8+, 4+card

·     2NT= 8+, balanced, 4card M possible

·     3C= 8+, 5+card

·     3D/H/S/NT= 5-7, good 6+card (3NT=clubs)

1NT-2C, ?

·     2D= 22+, any dist

·     2H/S= 20-22, 7/8 play tricks

·     2NT= 20-21, balanced

·     3C/D= 20-22, 8 play tricks

·     3H/S= 20-22, 9 play tricks

·     3NT= 20-22, 9 play tricks, long suit with side stops.

1NT-2K2R-?

·     2H/S= 5-7, good 4card or bad 5card

·     2NT= 0-4, negative, not forcing

·     3x= 5-7, good 5card or bad 6card

·     3NT= 5-7, balanced

After 1NT-2C, 2NT:  3K = Stayman and 3R/H = transfers.

After other 2NT (3NT) bids by opener or responder 3C = Baron: asking to bid 4cards in order.

2C-?

·     2D= 8+, relay

·     2H/S= 6-10, 4/5 play tricks, good 5+card

·     2NT= 10-12, balanced or misfit

·     3C= [4] good 3card support

·     3D/H/S= 8-10, good 6+card, 5/6 play tricks

·     3NT=13-15, balanced

·     4C= [5], good 3+supp

·     5C= [6],  good 3+supp

·     4NT= [7] 3+support, 5+ controls

When responder bids relay first and than his own suit, that is GF with good suit.

2C-2D, ?

·     2H/S= [4-5], good 3card

·     2NT= 11-16, balanced or 3+D

·     3C= [4-5], 7+card

·     3D= [6-7], 4+card

·     3H/S= [6-7], good 3card

·     3NT= 17-19, balanced

·     4C= [7], 7+card

2H-2Srelay:

·     2NT= minimum 5m

·     3C/D= maximum, 5m

·     3H= minimum, no 5m

·     3S= maximum, no 5m

·     3NT= AKQxxx

#### Defensive bidding:

General principles for defensive bidding are:

·     overcall at 1 level= [3-5], 5card (or good 4card)

·     overcall at 2 level= [4-5], 6card (or good 5card)

·     jump overcall at 2 level= weak, 6-10 (2H/S/NT same meaning as opening)

·     jump overcall at 3 level= weak, 8-11 with good 6+card

·     take-out double= [4-5]

·     NT overcall= 16-18, balanced (no transfers, cue is Stayman)

·     cuebid= [6] or more, take-out or own suit (partner shows negative with next suit up

·     after opening and overcall by RHO: 2NT maintains it meaning, cue is very strong and own suit

·     after 1C/D opening: negatieve doubles thru 3S

·     double of artificial bid shows an overcall in that suit

.     fitjumps

1C        (1S)      ?

.      DBL= 8+, negative, 4+H

.      1NT= 8-10, S stop

.      2C/D= 5+card, 7-11, not forcing

.      2H= [3-4], 4+card, 7-11, not forcing

.      2S= GF, asking for S stop

.      2NT= [5], H support

1C        (1H)      dbl        (p)

·     1S= [4-5], 4S, 4H still possible

·     1NT= 11-15, 4H, no 4S

·     2C/D= [4-5], 4+card, no 4S

·     2H= [6], 4H, short S

·     2S= [6], 4S

·     2NT= 16-17, 4H, balanced

1R        (1H)      dbl        (p)

·     1S= [4-5], good 3+card

·     1NT= 11-15, ba;anced, H stop

·     2C/D= [4-5], 5card, 4+other minor

·     2H= 16-17, 4-4 minors, asks for H stop

·     2S= [6], good 3card

·     2NT= 16-17, H stop

1C        (2H)

·     dbl= 11+, 4+S

·     2S= 6-10, 5+card, 4/5 slagen

·     2NT= [5], 4S and 4+controls

·     3C/D= 8-10, 6+

·     3H= game forcing, asks H stop

·     3S= 8-10, 6+, 5/6 tricks

1R        (2H)

·      dbl= [4], 11+, interest in both minors

·      2S= 6-10, 5+card

·      2NT= 11+, 4+ controls with H stop

·      3K/R= 8-10, 6+kaart

·      3H= GF, asks H stop

·      3S= 8-10, 6+S, 5/6 play tricks

1R        (2H)        dbl      (p)

?

·      2S= [4-5], good 3S, 4C-4D

·      2NT= [5], H stop, invite

·      3C= [4-5], 4+card

·      3D= [4-5], 5card

·      3H= [6], asks H stop

·      3S= [6], good 3S, very short H

·      3NT= [6], to-play

·      4C/D= [5], 5card, competitive

1C        (p)        1D         (1H)

·      pas= [4], no 4S

·      dbl= [5], 4H, no 4S

·      1S= [4-5], 4S

·      1NT= [5], no 4S, balanced

·      2C/D= [4-5], 4/5 kaart, no 4S

·      2H= 16-17, 4S, asks for S support or H stop

·      2S= [6], 4card

·      2NT= 16-17, no 4S

·      etc.

1C        (p)        1D         (2K)

·      pas= [4], {dbl by responder asks for 4card}

·      dbl= [5], {2D by responder asks for 4card}

·      2D= [5], 4+card

·      2H= [6], 4card

·      2S= [6], 4card

·      2NT= 16-17, with C stop

·      3C= [6], no C stop, probably 4H-4S

·      3D= [6], 4+card

1C        (1H)      1S         (2H)

·      pas= [4], no S supp

·      2S= [4], good 3+S

·      dbl= [5], no S supp

·      2NT= 16-17, 4H, balanced

·      3H= [6], S supp

·      3S= [5],  good 3+S

1H        (3C)      ?

.      DBL= penalty, no H support and values

.      3D= 5+D, F1

.      3H= [4] limit raise

.      3S= 5+S, F1

.      3NT= to-play

.      4C= [5] GF, H support, 4+ controls

.      4D= fitjump: 5D-4H

.      4H= [5], less than 4 controls

Tricks table showing relationship between number of tricks and controls required.

Cnt  tricks  CV     Ctrls   Min Ctrls

1     7        19      5        4

2     8        22      6        5

3     9        25      7        6

4     10      28      8        7

5     11      31      9        8

6     12      34      10      9

7     13      37      11      10