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Feudalism is a system of governing and landownership. The feudal system was based on rights and obligations. Someone of a higher stature would give someone of lower class land in return for some sort of obligation. The social pyramid was that the king was on top, then lords, followed by knights and lastly serfs. This idea of giving land was called a fief. The person receiving the fief was called a vassal.  For instance a lord may give a knight part of their land in exchange for military service and protection. The land that the lord owned was called a manor. On this manor lived serfs who would take care of the lords animals, and performed other tasks to maintain the estate. This idea of land exchange for obligations on a manor is called Manorialism. Manorialism is very similar to The idea of Feudalism in that someone would give someone land in return of certain obligations.
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