Orthopedics- Total Knee Replacement


MGDM Hospital, Devagiri P.O., Kangazha, Kottayam - 686555.

 


Total Knee Replacement

Your knees work hard during your daily routine, and arthritis of the knee or a knee injury can make it hard for you to perform normal tasks. If your injury or arthritis is severe, you may begin to experience pain when you are sitting down or trying to sleep.

Sometimes a total knee replacement is the only option for reducing pain and restoring a normal activity level. If your and your doctor decide a total knee replacement is right for you, the following information will give you an understanding about what to expect.

A total knee replacement involves replacing the damaged bone and cartilage of the knee joint, which provides articulating surfaces.

The total procedure takes approximately an hour to hour and a half to perform and recovery time varies between patients. Correct rehabilitation following surgery significantly improves outcomes.

Implant Components

Total Knee Replacement : In the total knee replacement procedure, each prosthesis is made up of four parts. The tibial component has two elements and replaces the top of the shin bone (tibia). This prosthesis is made up of a metal tray attached directly to the bone and a plastic spacer that provides the bearing surface.

The femoral component replaces the bottom of the thigh bone (femur). This component also replaces the groove where the patella (kneecap) sits.

The patellar component replaces the surface of the kneecap, which rubs against the femur. The kneecap protects the joint, and the resurfaced patellar button slides smoothly on the front of the joint. This may or may not be replaced depending on the condition of the patient.

Advantages of Total Knee Replacement

The most important advantage is that this operation produces very effective and long lasting relief from joint pain. It also gives a joint which functions normally. The recovery period from the operation is very short and the patient is able to walk from the second or vthe third day after the operation. Walking support that is needed can often be discarded by around a month's time. The patient regain a normal lifestyle and mobility with significant improvement in quality of life.

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  • Dr. C Padmakumar
  • Dr. Mathew K.M.
  • Dr. Abhijith R.

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Statistics

First Successful Orthopedic Joint (Knee) Replacement Precision Surgery with the help of Computer (Stryker knee navigation system)

Total Surgeries Done From 2007 January :

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