Dermatology FAQ's


MGDM HOSPITAL, DEVAGIRI P.O., KANGAZHA, KOTTAYAM-686555.

  • What can a dermatologist do for you
    What are chemical peels?
    What is cellulite?
    Who suffers from cellulite?
    How does cellulite form?
    Techniques for removing cellulite
    What is mesotherapy?
    How does mesotherapy work?
    Typical results of mesotherapy
    Mesotherapy versus liposuction
    What is PDT?
    How does PDT work?
    Typical results of PDT
    What is photodynamic photorejuvenation?
    What are skin tags?
    Techniques for removing skin tags
    moles


SCARS


Type of scars
What scars can be treated?
Scars treatments

What can a dermatologist do for you




What is are chemical peels?
Chemical Peels is basically an accelerated form of exfoliation induced by the use of a chemical compound and the strength of the exfoliation all depends on which peel is used.

The exfoliation leaves the skin smoother, rejuvenated, more youthful, fresher and clearer.

What is cellulite?

According to dermatologists cellulite is just fat.

Specifically, it's subcutaneous fat lying just under the skin, but it's no different from subcutaneous fat found elsewhere on the body

You can check to see if you have cellulite by pinching the skin around your upper thigh. If it looks a bit lumpy, you probably have it.

Who suffers from cellulite?

Up to 95% per cent of British women suffer from cellulite. Three out of four women in the UK say cellulite is constant problem. Nearly every woman over the age of 25 has cellulite.

Even celebrities, who have access to the best health and diet advice in the world, aren't immune.

Young and old, underweight and overweight, all women are subject to cellulite and the problem only becomes worse with time.

How does cellulite form?



Techniques for removing cellulite



What is mesotherapy?

Mesotherapy is a technique, invented in 1952 by Dr. Michel Pistor, where medication is injected into the mesoderm, the layer of fat and connective tissue under the skin.

The medications that are used in Mesotherapy melt the fat beneath the skin and shrink the fat cells in the scarpa's fascia layer. The fat dissolves and, as occurs when fat is broken down during typical weight loss, is carried through the bloodstream and excreted by kidneys and bowel.

How does mesotherapy work?

The medications used in Mesotherapy destroy the connective tissue bands and melt the trapped fat, creating a smooth, dimple-free appearance.

Using a very tiny needle (0.4 to 0.6 cm or the size of a eyelash), the medication is injected into the mesoderm painlessly. This occurs because the needle is specially manufactured to deliver the medicine in a series of painless injections in a typical treatment.

Patients have universally responded that the treatments cause less pain than a momentary, light pinch.

Mesotherapy is a non invasive procedure, and there is no down time, a patient can return to normal activities afterwards.

Typical results of mesotherapy

Mesotherapy results are measured in inches. Because fat is melted under the skin, about one pound of fat per week is lost. - Equal to four sticks of butter! The Mesotherapy treatment is applied to arms, waist, hips, back, and legs all in one session. A typical patient can lose up to two dress sizes with ten treatments. Patients have lost up to four inches on their waist, hips, and thighs.

Mesotherapy versus liposuction

Mesotherapy is a non invasive procedure
Liposuction is a surgical procedure

Mesotherapy removes fat from fat cell
Liposuction removes fat cells

Mesotherapy is used wherever there is cellulite
Liposuction cannot be used where there is cellulite

Mesotherapy means no down time
Liposuction has a 2 week down time

With Mesotherapy any weight gain back is where it was lost
With Liposuction any weight gain back is in abnormal places

Mesotherapy gives minimal bruising and pain
Liposuction gives significant bruising and pain

What is PDT?

Photodynamic therapy is used to treat age spots, sun damage, rough and discoloured skin, severely oily skin.

This is a very quick and effective treatment that gently vaporises the damaged skin.

The biggest benefit of this treatment is that it treats the skin while minimising the side effects.

How does PDT work?

A solution of ALA is applied to the skin, the skin is then exposed to a gently blue light (PDT) which activates the ALA. The ALA generates a toxic reaction which removes the problem.

Typical results of PDT

The advantage is much less collateral damage and faster healing process.

What is photodynamic photorejuvenation

What are skin tags?

A skin tag consists of a bit of skin that projects from the surrounding skin and may appear attached to the skin.

Skin tags can vary quite a bit in appearance.

They may be smooth or irregular, flesh coloured or more deeply pigmented, and either simply be raised above the surrounding skin or have a stalk (a peduncle) so that the skin tag hangs from the skin.

Techniques for removing skin tags


Type of scars

Acne is a chronic inflammatory disease that affects approximately 90% of those aged between 14 and 16 years, and usually disappears by the age of 25-27 years. In some cases, acne persists during adulthood.

Almost 5% of patients exhibit acne in a severe form: in these cases, acne usually leads to permanent scars that are often a cause of severe social discomfort and loss of self-esteem.

Acne scars can be atrophic or hypertrophic.


They vary widely in shape, length, depth and dimensions, and often coexist in the same patient.

Athrophic scars

Athrophic scars are depressed and differ in their shape and size.

When subcutaneous tissue is severely damaged, the result can subcutaneous tunnels or large retractions that significantly alter facial contours.

Boxscars: these are usually wide and superficial. They can be treated with: filling, peeling, dermabrasion and laser abrasion.

Ice-pick scars: these have a 'punctate' aspect, sharp walls and extend vertically and deeply (>2mm). They can be treated with dermabrasion, laser abrasion.

Elevated scars

Hyperthropic scars: these are nodular with a small, bumpy surface. They can be treated with dermabrasion.

Keloid scars: these are less common but more difficult to treat.

Moles

Moles are a clump of cells with different pigment (colour) than the surrounding skin. Moles are flat or elevated, flesh coloured to dark-brown markings The surface of moles varies from smooth to pebbly and may contain heavy dark hairs or no hair growth. The number and type of moles that a person has is largely determined by family history. Moles are occasionally present at birth and usually start appearing between 1 to 4 years of age, increasing in number into adulthood. Moles may be flat or raised and may contain a few coarse hairs. Moles can become malignant (melanoma) requiring removal.

Giant Hairy Mole

This mole is over one centimetre in size. It is present at birth and contains hair. With age this mole will change in appearance and grow in size. If this type of mole is very large it has a high rate of malignancy, between 1 to 10%. If the mole is smaller then the risk is lower but still greater than for other types of moles.

Halo Mole

These usually occur in young adulthood with colour being lost around one or several moles. The mole may then fade and disappear altogether leaving a white area which takes on the same colour as the rest of the skin in some cases. Halo moles are not a risk factor with the risk for melanoma being the same in these moles as for the rest of the skin.

Blue Moles

A blue mole is a dark grey-blue or blue-black skin marking with a smooth surface which usually appears early into adulthood. These moles are not a risk factor, however blue moles are often mistaken for melanoma.

Dysplactic Moles

Compared to an ordinary mole, these are usually larger, have an irregular border and perhaps an uneven colour. Some dysplastic moles have a 'fried egg' appearance with a dark centre and a large tan halo (up to 2 cm). 5 to 20% of white adults have at least one dysplastic mole. These types of moles possibly convert to melanoma more frequently than a normal mole. The presence of several dysplastic moles indicates an increased risk of melanoma developing somewhere on the individual's skin. A family history of multiple dysplastic moles is associated with a high rate of melanoma (up to 50%), however these families are rare.

A specialist dermatologist will assess your skin and choose the appropriate treatment for your problem.