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Instrument Families (Hill)

The Global Orchestra: Instrument Families 

The Lute Family: lotar, gombri (N. Africa), oud, tar, setar (Armenia 
Azerbaijan, Arab countries), tanbur/tambura (Bulgaria), sitar, sarod, vina 
(India), rubab (Afghanistan), pipa (China) 

The Fiddle Family: rabab (N. African one-stringed fiddle), kamenjah (N. 
African spike fiddle), kamancha (Armenian spike fiddle), kemence 
(Azerbaijan), gudulka (Bulgaria), kamancheh (Iran), djose (Iraq), erhu 
(China), sarangi (India), rebab (Indonesia) 

The Dulcimer/Zither Family: qanun (N. Africa, Iraqi zither), kanun 
(Armenian zither), santur/santoor (Iran, Iraqi dulcimer), cimbalom 
(Eastern Europe dulcimer), zheng (Chinese zither), yangqin/qin (Chinese 
dulcimer),  

The End-Blown Flute Family: nai (N. Africa), ney (Iraq/Arab countries), 
gasba (Algeria), kaval (Bulgaria), bansuri (India), shehnai (India), suling 
(Indonesia),  

The Reed Family: shawm (China), duduk (Armenia), zurna (Armenia), 
ghaita,  nagaswaram (India) 

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