2C. Greek Workbook 1

Iliad by HOMER (Ilios)

The story of the Trojan War

Greek gods and goddesses

Heroes

Eros (god of discord)

HERA(queen of all gods and goddesses)

Athena (goddess of wisdom) is on the side of Odysseus

Aphrodite (goddess of love and beauty) is on the side of the Trojans

Paris (asked to judge "fairest of them all contest) and Hector (princes of Troy) go to Sparta on trade

Helen is the queen of the Spartans- falls in love with Paris and runs back to Troy

Achilles -hero of Trojan war, died from arrow to his heel

Menelaus king of Sparta, brother of Agamemnon, husband of Helen

Agamemnon -king of the kingdom on Greek mainland, leader of the Greek forces who makes it home after 10 years of warfare and murdered by his wife and her lover the first night in the bath


ODYSSEY BY HOMER

Odysseus- warrior who figures out a strategy to defeat the Trojans, then is cursed by Poseidon, god of the sea, who does not want him to return home and his beloved wife.

HUBRIS- pride that tempts the fates (such as in the Titanic

Penelope- Odysseus's wife
Telemachus - his son
Ithica- home and kingdom that he wishes to return to
Poseidon is the god of the sea and earthquakes and horses/bulls


ENTRY ONE WORKSHEET (from online)-COMPLETE SENTENCE ANSWERS

Name _____________________                   Period______________________

1. Use the Table of Content page paragraph to answer this question. What is arete? How was it important to the Greeks?

2. Now go to Entry One. Describe the geographic location of ancient Greece. Where did settlements occur in Ancient Greece?

3. What did all Greeks have in common?

4. Which group was considered to be the first Greek civilization? Where was it located?

5. What civilization did Sir Arthur Evans discover? What were some of the things he found out about this group of people?

6. What is a matriarchal society and why do scientists believe that Minoans were matriarchal?

7. What are frescoes and why were they important to Arthur Evans?

8. What are some of the accomplishments of the Minoans that were discovered?

9. How were the Minoans destroyed?




Vocabulary for Ancient Greece Entry 1 and 2A and 2B
                                              Name                                                    period 
Word or phrase What does it mean?
1. Mythology Story that explains the unexplainable (like thunder) that partially tells story about a civilization
2. Legend

3. Folktales  Story about a region

4. Historical document  Documents humans believe are true
 5. Arete  Excellence in every pursuit, passion for perfection
 6. Minoans  
 7. Crete
 8. Sir Arthur Evans  
 9. Frescoes  
 10. Labyrinth  
 11. Labrys  
 12. Linear A  
 13. Accomplishments of Minoans  
 14. Thera and Santorini  
 15. Prow  
 16. House of Double Ax  
17. Matriarchal society   
18. Hellenes  

 ENTRY TWO - STORY OF MYCENAEANS
19.. bellicose  
20. centaurs  
21. Linear B  
22. Iliad and Odyssey  
23. Ilios  
24. Dorians  
25. Sparta  
26. Iron  
27. Helots   

 ENTRY 3
 28. polis  
 29. Acropolis  
 30. Phoenicians  
31. Lydians   
32. Agora  
33. Stoa  
34. Olympics  
35. Monarchy  
36. Oligarchy  
37. Iron Age   
38. Ionian Migration   
 39. Reasons that polis became unique  
40. aristocrats  
41. Colonies set up why?  
42 Tyrants  
43. Coinage introduced.  
44. Peisistratus  
45. hoplite  
46. phalanx  
47. Democracy  
   ENTRY FOUR
 48. Dorian Aristocracy  
 49. Messenia  
 50.Military Oligarchy  
51  Ephors  
52. Spartiates  
 53. Perieocci  

WORKSHEET FOR ENTRY 2A

ANSWER THESE QUESTIONS IN COMPLETE SENTENCES
1. When natives of the Greek mainland were overrun and defeated by outsiders, who did they think they were?
2. What kind of activities happened in a Mycenaean fortress? How were they recorded?
3. How did the Mycenaeans get what they wanted or needed? What did they learn to do in the process?
4. What was the probable cause of the Trojan War? Where was "Troy" located?
5. What happened to the Mycenaeans when not united against a common enemy?
6. What did the Dorians do to most of the Greek mainland? Why was the time that they held power called "Greek Dark Ages"?
7.What metal did the Dorians use better than anyone and how did they use it?
8. Why did the Dorians make Sparta their capital?

 Greek Adventure  _________________________/80 points

Using the following:

Name ________________________ Period _____________

Section

What I learned

1. Death & Burial

 1.


 2.


 3.


 4.




2. Victory & conquest

 1.


 2.


 3.


 4.




3. Architecture

 1.


 2.


 3.


 4.




4. Geography

 1.


 2.


 3.


 4.




5. Living in Style

 1.


 2.


 3.


 4.




6. Animals Real & Imagined

 1.


 2.


 3.


 4.




7. Gods and Goddesses

 1.


 2.


 3.


 4.




8. Greek Democracy

1.


2.


3.


4.

9. American cities

1.


2.


3.


4.




10. Epics & actors

1.


2.


3.


4.






WORKSHEET FOR ENTRY 2B

ANSWER THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS IN COMPLETE SENTENCES.
1. What did all the Greeks have in common? What did they call themselves?
2. What activity got the Greeks more and more out of the Dark Ages?
3. What is a polis and what English words do we get from this?
4. What solution did the Greeks find for keeping track of trade?
5. What did the Phoenicians and the Lydians invent that helped spread knowledge and allowed trade to grow?
6. Define agora and stoa.
7. When a Greek polis needed more labor, what did they do?
8. Describe the event that got all Greeks to call a truce.


WORKSHEET FOR PAGE 242-249

Name __________________________ Period __________________

Complete sentences

1. The field of science had not yet been developed during the time of the ancient Greeks, yet they had ways to explain events like thunder and lighting. What were their explanations to these events?
2. Explain Demeter's relation to the changing seasons.
3. What were the "original" Olympics like? What was significant about the 2004 A.D. (modern) Olympics?
4. Name two individuals who were not gods, but great heroes in the eyes of the Ancient Greeks.
5. The Iliad and Odyssey were great adventure stories but were also used to educate the ancient Greeks. How were these stories used for education?
6. What English word regarding the words in a song, has its roots from the ancient Greeks?
7. What are fables and who supposedly wrote many of them?
8. Where do we get phrases like "Midas Touch" and "Achilles Heel" from?




GREEK CROSSWORD REVIEW FOR 2B AND MYTHOLOGY

 

SUMMARY SHEET FOR "LEARNING OUT LOUD"

NAME_____________________________________ PERIOD ____________________

NAME OF LEARNING MYTH & URL OF MYTH

NAME OF LEARNING MYTH & URL OF MYTH


NAME OF LEARNING MYTH & URL OF MYTH

Facts about this myth

Facts about this myth

Facts about this myth




























Conclusion summary: see below #1

Conclusion summary: see below #2

Conclusion summary: see below #3

Conclusion summary # 1








Conclusion summary # 2








Conclusion summary # 3