1b. Reading charts and telling time


DO YOU KNOW HOW TO DO IT?

Name ______________________Class____________________

 

In 2010 AD, time is measured in this. Please fill in the blanks.

VOCAB TERM

EQUALS HOW MANY?

LIST THE DAYS OF THE WEEK

LIST BELOW THE MONTHS OF THE YEAR IN ORDER

1 DECADE=

YEARS

1.               

1.               

1 CENTURY=

YEARS

2.               

2.                

1 SCORE=

YEARS

3.               

3.                

1MILLENIUM=

YEARS

4.               

4.                

    WEEKS=

1 YEAR

5.               

5.                

    DAYS=

1 YEAR

6.               

6.                

    DAYS=

1 WEEK

7.               

7.                

   MINUTES=

 1 HOUR

 

8.                

    HOURS

1 DAY

 

9.                

   SECONDS=

1 MINUTE

 

10.          

 

 

 

11.          

 

 

 

12.          

               

PRACTICE

On the line below, draw a timeline. Put these dates on it:

a. 400 BCE

b.      752 AD

c.       1999 BCE

d.      1999 AD

e.   0 

 


 

1. BCE means _____________________________________________________________

2. AD or CE means

___________________________________________________


 Part 2à How to tell what century it is.

a. The century is always told by locating the hundred’s place in the date.

b. Add 1 (one) to the hundred’s place.

c.   This should tell you what century it is. So if the date to 1988, then we add 1 to the “9” which is in the hundred’s place. This makes this the 20th century.

d. If the number is 44 BCE, what do we do? There is not a number in the hundred’s place. So this must be the 1st century BCE.

e. The trickiest part comes when the date ends in “00”. Do not add 1 to the hundred’s column. So, in other words, the year 2000 will still be the twentieth century, and the year 2001 will be part of the 21st century.

PRACTICE USING CENTURIES

Which century?

a.    _________325 AD

b.    _________600 BCE

c.    _________1945 AD

d.    _________2168 BCE

e.    _________1145 AD

f.    _________467 BCE


 TIMELINE RULES

A.    Timelines can be horizontal (lying down) or vertical (standing up).

B.     On the horizontal line, mark “0” in the middle. All dates BCE go to the left of the 0 and all AD dates go to the right.

C.     The farther from the center (year 0), the numbers get larger. The numbers closer to 0 are smaller.

D.    Vertical timelines run up and down. “0” should be in the middle. All the dates at the top of the page above the zero are BCE, and all the dates below the “0” are AD. 

PRACTICE

On the line below, draw a timeline. Put these dates on it:

a.    400 BCE

b.    752 AD

c.    1999 BCE

d.    1999 AD

There have been two types of calendars over time. One is a lunar calendar, based on the cycles of the moon. Each month is 28 days.

There is also a solar calendar. It is based on how long it takes the earth to travel around the sun. We, in America, use a solar calendar.

VERTICAL TIMELINE http://library.thinkquest.org/10805/timeline.html

Ancient Civilizations in 2 1/2 Minutes

IMAGES OF TIMELINES http://www.google.com/search?q=ancient+timelines&hl=en&rls=com.microsoft:en-us:IE-SearchBox&rlz=1I7RNSN_en&prmd=ivns&tbm=isch&tbo=u&source=univ&sa=X&ei=dHJnTt_tG6rD0AH-4rnQCw&ved=0CDQQsAQ&biw=1024&bih=596

VIDEO TIMELINES http://www.youtube.com/view_play_list?p=AD26189CD12D1C96

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aoBWZu78WWY

 



NOTES ON TELLING TIME

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



Timeline I - Ancient History: 12,000 BCE to 1006 BCE


 

Year

Government,
Politics, & War

Art & Culture

Science &
Technology

Religion &
Philosophy

Daily Life &
Health

 c. 10000 BC

 

 

 

 

(1) Dog first domesticated (Middle East)
(2) Development of intensive flock management in Zagros Mountains

 c. 8350 BC

 

 

Earliest known walled city at Jericho

 

 

 c. 8000 BC

 

 

 

 

(1) Potatoes and beans first cultivated in South America
(2) Earliest permanent farming villages in Fertile Crescent

 c. 7500 BC

 

 

First manufacture of textiles in the Middle East using flax

 

 

 c. 7000 BC

 

 

 

 

Goats, sheep, and pigs domesticated (Middle East)

 c. 6200 BC

 

 

Copper smelting in Asia Minor

 

 

 c. 6000 BC

 

 

Irrigation in Zagros Mountains

 

(1) Cat domesticated (Northeast Africa)
(2) Cattle domesticated (Turkey)

 c. 5500 BC

 

 

Cotton cultivated in India
 

 

 

 c. 5200 BC

 

 

 

 

Chickens domesticated (China)

 c. 5000 BC

 

 

Irrigation spreads to Mesopotamia

 

 

 c. 4500 BC

 

 

Sail, plow, and potter's wheel invented in Mesopotamia

 

 

 c. 4300 BC

 

 

 

Megalithic tombs in Western Europe

c. 4300-3100; Spread of cities in Mesopotamia

 c. 4000 BC

 

 

 

 

Horse domesticated (Eurasian steppe)

 c. 3800 BC

 

 

Bronze in Mesopotamia

 

 

 c. 3650 BC

 

 

Wheeled vehicles in Mesopotamia

 

 

 c. 3500 BC

 

 

Pottery in South America
 

 

Permanent fishing villages in South America
 

 c. 3400 BC

 

 

Earliest hieroglyphics in Egypt

 

 

 c. 3150 BC

 

Unification of Egypt under King Menes
 

 

 

 

 3000 BC

 

 

Sumerians develop Cuneiform writing

 

Potatoes, alpacas, and llamas domesticated (Andes Mountains)

 2900 BC

 

 

Defensive walls around cities become more prevalent

 

 

 2700 BC

 

 

 

Yin and Yang theory developed in China

Olive trees cultivated (Crete)

 2630 BC

 

 

c. 2630; First pyramid constructed in Egypt; Imhotep is first known architect

 

 

 2600 BC

 

 

 

 

(1) Urbanization in Indus River Valley
(2) Preservation of fish and poultry (Egypt)

 2575 BC

 

c. 2575-2134; Old Kingdom of Egypt

 

 

 

 2528 BC

 

 

c. 2528; Cheops buried in First Great Pyramid at Giza
 

 

 

 2400 BC

 

 

First wheeled war wagons in Mesopotamia
 

 

 

 2350 BC

 

Earliest known law code in Sumer called HAMMURABI’S CODE

 

 

 

 2334 BC

 

c. 2334-2193; Sargon unifies Sumer and Akkad, creating Akkadian Empire

 

c. 2334-2193; First deification of kings in Sumer

 

 2300 BC

 

 

 

 

Earliest permanent farming villages in Mesoamerica

 2296 BC

 

 

Chinese record a comet

 

 

 2200 BC

 

Legendary Xia Dynasty in China

 

 

Dogs, goats, pigs, oxen, and sheep domesticated in China

 2134 BC

 

Collapse of central authority in Egypt; End of Old Kingdom

 

 

 

 2100 BC

 

 

 

First Ziggurats in Sumer

 

 2040 BC

 

c. 2040-1650; Mentuhotep restores centralized government in Egypt marking the beginning of the Middle Kingdom

 

 

 

 2000 BC

Hittites establish empire in Anatolia (modern Turkey)
 

c. 2000 - 1450; Minoan palace civilization on Crete
 

Decimal notation in Babylon
 

(1) Stonehenge in Southern England
(2)
Epic of Gilgamesh is first written myth

Tea and bananas cultivated (India)
 

 1813 BC

Emergence of Assyrian power under Shamshi-Adad I

 

 

 

 

 1800 BC

c. 1800-1750; Hammurabi establishes Babylonian Empire

c. 1800-1750; Hammurabi's Code is first written legal code
 

Irrigation in South America
 

Earliest prohibitions against pork among shepherd tribes in the Middle East

 

 1750 BC

 

 

 

Collapse of Indus River Valley civilization at Mohenjo-daro and Harappa

 

 1700 BC

c. 1700-1650; Chariot-equipped Hyksos begin invasions and conquer Middle Kingdom Egypt

 

Spread of two-wheeled war chariot in Middle East
 

 

First evidence of leavened bread (Egypt)
 

 1600 BC

 

(1) Rise of Mycenaean Civilization in mainland Greece
(2) c. 1600; First historical dynasty in China (The Shang)

(1) Canaanites invent the first alphabet
(2) Pictographic writing in China
 

 

 

 1550 BC

 

Ahmose reunites Egypt; c. 1550-1070; New Kingdom in Egypt

 

 

 

 1500 BC

c. 1504-1492; Thutmose I expands Egypt into Palestine, Syria, and Nubia

 

Geometry developed in Egypt
 

 

(1) Silkworm domesticated (China)
(2) c. 1500 Rabbit domesticated (Europe)

 1458 BC

 

Thutmose III ascends to Egyptian throne; First usage of the term Pharaoh

 

 

 

 1450 BC

Mycenaean Greeks conquer Minoan Civilization on Crete

 

 

Brahma worship in India
 

 

 1440 BC

 

 

First metalworking in South America

 

 

 1400 BC

 

 

Iron Age begins in Asia Minor

 

Maize cultivation in Mesoamerica

 1353 BC

 

 

 

Amenhotep IV introduces monotheism to Egypt

 

 1350 BC

 

 

War chariot introduced to China

 

 

 1333 BC

 

 

 

Tutankhaman (King Tut) reestablishes polytheism as official religion in Egypt

 

 1200 BC

 

(1) c. 1200-400; Olmec Civilization in Mesoamerica
(2) c. 1200-1100; Bronze Age palaces destroyed throughout Mediterranean world

 

c. 1200-1100; Judaism established in Palestine
 

c. 1200-800; Rise of Phoenician maritime dominance in the Mediterranean
 

 1150 BC

 

 

 

 

Aristocrats in Egypt use chairs
 

 1122 BC

 

c. 1122-256; Zhou Dynasty in China
 

 

 

 

 1100 BC

 

 

Phoenician traders begin spreading alphabet throughout Mediterranean

 

 

 1070 BC

 

End of New Kingdom in Egypt

 

 

 

 1047 BC

 

c. 1047-1007 BCE; Saul reigns as first Hebrew king in Judaea

 

 

 

 1006 BC

c. 1006-965; David becomes king of Israel and conquers Jerusalem

 

 

 

 


CHART 2 BIRTH OF AGRICULTURE AND ITS EFFECTS.....



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