### 1b. Reading charts and telling time

DO YOU KNOW HOW TO DO IT?

Name ______________________Class____________________

In 2010 AD, time is measured in this. Please fill in the blanks.

 VOCAB TERM EQUALS HOW MANY? LIST THE DAYS OF THE WEEK LIST BELOW THE MONTHS OF THE YEAR IN ORDER 1 DECADE= YEARS 1. 1. 1 CENTURY= YEARS 2. 2. 1 SCORE= YEARS 3. 3. 1MILLENIUM= YEARS 4. 4. WEEKS= 1 YEAR 5. 5. DAYS= 1 YEAR 6. 6. DAYS= 1 WEEK 7. 7. MINUTES= 1 HOUR 8. HOURS 1 DAY 9. SECONDS= 1 MINUTE 10. 11. 12.

PRACTICE

On the line below, draw a timeline. Put these dates on it:

a. 400 BCE

c.       1999 BCE

e.   0

1. BCE means _____________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________

Part 2à How to tell what century it is.

a. The century is always told by locating the hundred’s place in the date.

b. Add 1 (one) to the hundred’s place.

c.   This should tell you what century it is. So if the date to 1988, then we add 1 to the “9” which is in the hundred’s place. This makes this the 20th century.

d. If the number is 44 BCE, what do we do? There is not a number in the hundred’s place. So this must be the 1st century BCE.

e. The trickiest part comes when the date ends in “00”. Do not add 1 to the hundred’s column. So, in other words, the year 2000 will still be the twentieth century, and the year 2001 will be part of the 21st century.

PRACTICE USING CENTURIES

Which century?

b.    _________600 BCE

d.    _________2168 BCE

f.    _________467 BCE

TIMELINE RULES

A.    Timelines can be horizontal (lying down) or vertical (standing up).

B.     On the horizontal line, mark “0” in the middle. All dates BCE go to the left of the 0 and all AD dates go to the right.

C.     The farther from the center (year 0), the numbers get larger. The numbers closer to 0 are smaller.

D.    Vertical timelines run up and down. “0” should be in the middle. All the dates at the top of the page above the zero are BCE, and all the dates below the “0” are AD.

PRACTICE

On the line below, draw a timeline. Put these dates on it:

a.    400 BCE

c.    1999 BCE

There have been two types of calendars over time. One is a lunar calendar, based on the cycles of the moon. Each month is 28 days.

There is also a solar calendar. It is based on how long it takes the earth to travel around the sun. We, in America, use a solar calendar.

VERTICAL TIMELINE http://library.thinkquest.org/10805/timeline.html

# Ancient Civilizations in 2 1/2 Minutes

NOTES ON TELLING TIME

Timeline I - Ancient History: 12,000 BCE to 1006 BCE

 Year Government, Politics, & War Art & Culture Science & Technology Religion & Philosophy Daily Life & Health c. 10000 BC (1) Dog first domesticated (Middle East)(2) Development of intensive flock management in Zagros Mountains c. 8350 BC Earliest known walled city at Jericho c. 8000 BC (1) Potatoes and beans first cultivated in South America(2) Earliest permanent farming villages in Fertile Crescent c. 7500 BC First manufacture of textiles in the Middle East using flax c. 7000 BC Goats, sheep, and pigs domesticated (Middle East) c. 6200 BC Copper smelting in Asia Minor c. 6000 BC Irrigation in Zagros Mountains (1) Cat domesticated (Northeast Africa)(2) Cattle domesticated (Turkey) c. 5500 BC Cotton cultivated in India c. 5200 BC Chickens domesticated (China) c. 5000 BC Irrigation spreads to Mesopotamia c. 4500 BC Sail, plow, and potter's wheel invented in Mesopotamia c. 4300 BC Megalithic tombs in Western Europe c. 4300-3100; Spread of cities in Mesopotamia c. 4000 BC Horse domesticated (Eurasian steppe) c. 3800 BC Bronze in Mesopotamia c. 3650 BC Wheeled vehicles in Mesopotamia c. 3500 BC Pottery in South America Permanent fishing villages in South America c. 3400 BC Earliest hieroglyphics in Egypt c. 3150 BC Unification of Egypt under King Menes 3000 BC Sumerians develop Cuneiform writing Potatoes, alpacas, and llamas domesticated (Andes Mountains) 2900 BC Defensive walls around cities become more prevalent 2700 BC Yin and Yang theory developed in China Olive trees cultivated (Crete) 2630 BC c. 2630; First pyramid constructed in Egypt; Imhotep is first known architect 2600 BC (1) Urbanization in Indus River Valley(2) Preservation of fish and poultry (Egypt) 2575 BC c. 2575-2134; Old Kingdom of Egypt 2528 BC c. 2528; Cheops buried in First Great Pyramid at Giza 2400 BC First wheeled war wagons in Mesopotamia 2350 BC Earliest known law code in Sumer called HAMMURABI’S CODE 2334 BC c. 2334-2193; Sargon unifies Sumer and Akkad, creating Akkadian Empire c. 2334-2193; First deification of kings in Sumer 2300 BC Earliest permanent farming villages in Mesoamerica 2296 BC Chinese record a comet 2200 BC Legendary Xia Dynasty in China Dogs, goats, pigs, oxen, and sheep domesticated in China 2134 BC Collapse of central authority in Egypt; End of Old Kingdom 2100 BC First Ziggurats in Sumer 2040 BC c. 2040-1650; Mentuhotep restores centralized government in Egypt marking the beginning of the Middle Kingdom 2000 BC Hittites establish empire in Anatolia (modern Turkey) c. 2000 - 1450; Minoan palace civilization on Crete Decimal notation in Babylon (1) Stonehenge in Southern England(2)Epic of Gilgamesh is first written myth Tea and bananas cultivated (India) 1813 BC Emergence of Assyrian power under Shamshi-Adad I 1800 BC c. 1800-1750; Hammurabi establishes Babylonian Empire c. 1800-1750; Hammurabi's Code is first written legal code Irrigation in South America Earliest prohibitions against pork among shepherd tribes in the Middle East 1750 BC Collapse of Indus River Valley civilization at Mohenjo-daro and Harappa 1700 BC c. 1700-1650; Chariot-equipped Hyksos begin invasions and conquer Middle Kingdom Egypt Spread of two-wheeled war chariot in Middle East First evidence of leavened bread (Egypt) 1600 BC (1) Rise of Mycenaean Civilization in mainland Greece(2) c. 1600; First historical dynasty in China (The Shang) (1) Canaanites invent the first alphabet(2) Pictographic writing in China 1550 BC Ahmose reunites Egypt; c. 1550-1070; New Kingdom in Egypt 1500 BC c. 1504-1492; Thutmose I expands Egypt into Palestine, Syria, and Nubia Geometry developed in Egypt (1) Silkworm domesticated (China)(2) c. 1500 Rabbit domesticated (Europe) 1458 BC Thutmose III ascends to Egyptian throne; First usage of the term Pharaoh 1450 BC Mycenaean Greeks conquer Minoan Civilization on Crete Brahma worship in India 1440 BC First metalworking in South America 1400 BC Iron Age begins in Asia Minor Maize cultivation in Mesoamerica 1353 BC Amenhotep IV introduces monotheism to Egypt 1350 BC War chariot introduced to China 1333 BC Tutankhaman (King Tut) reestablishes polytheism as official religion in Egypt 1200 BC (1) c. 1200-400; Olmec Civilization in Mesoamerica(2) c. 1200-1100; Bronze Age palaces destroyed throughout Mediterranean world c. 1200-1100; Judaism established in Palestine c. 1200-800; Rise of Phoenician maritime dominance in the Mediterranean 1150 BC Aristocrats in Egypt use chairs 1122 BC c. 1122-256; Zhou Dynasty in China 1100 BC Phoenician traders begin spreading alphabet throughout Mediterranean 1070 BC End of New Kingdom in Egypt 1047 BC c. 1047-1007 BCE; Saul reigns as first Hebrew king in Judaea 1006 BC c. 1006-965; David becomes king of Israel and conquers Jerusalem

CHART 2 BIRTH OF AGRICULTURE AND ITS EFFECTS.....