Mehmet Ihsan Canayaz
Assistant Professor of Finance
Smeal College of Business
Pennsylvania State University

Please find my CV here.

Contact Information:
342 Business Building
University Park, PA 16802
Phone: +1-814-863-3714
E-mail: mcanayaz at psu dot edu

Academic Publications:

Country Reputation and Corporate Activity, 2022, Management Science, Forthcoming, with Alper Darendeli.

Fake Products, Real Effects: Evidence from Special 301 Actions, 2021, Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis, Forthcoming, with Umit Gurun.

Working Papers:

[1] Macro sentiment and hedge fund returns (2023)
with Mustafa Caglayan, Tim Simin, and Le Zhao

Using a novel dataset, we show media sentiment on growth, inflation, unemployment, and sociopolitical conditions predict hedge fund returns. We blend these into a macro sentiment index (MSI) and show that funds betting against sentiment generate higher risk-adjusted returns. This result is robust to orthogonalizing MSI against popular sentiment indices. We demonstrate MSI as a state variable in Intertemporal Capital Asset Pricing Model (ICAPM). Our sentiment ICAPM produces 22% fewer significant alphas relative to the standard nine-factor model. Overall, our results highlight differences between media-based and popular outcome-based sentiment measures and suggest a role for sentiment in asset pricing models.

Presentations: 2022 FMA Annual Meeting in Atlanta.

[2] Financial Consequences of the Belt and Road Initiative (2022)

As the largest ever infrastructure project, China’s Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) is expected to reshape the global economy for the coming decades. This paper provides the first analysis of BRI's effects on financial markets and real economic activity in Europe. It exploits the opening of a subway tunnel under Istanbul's Bosporus Strait that geographically positions nearby countries on BRI's economic corridor. Governments of impacted countries sharply increase sovereign debt issuance and devote more resources to collective consumption spending. Meanwhile, their strategic infrastructure investments stagnate, news-based macroeconomic sentiments for inflation, financial stability and economic uncertainty worsen, and sovereign yields rise. Businesses in these countries issue less debt, lower capital investments, and observe reductions in their valuations. Overall, my findings highlight the distortionary effects of BRI on European businesses and raise concerns about the effectiveness of BRI-driven government spending in Europe. I provide additional findings on developmental aid, international trade, and BRI program membership that highlight China's growing influence over corridor economies.

Presentations: Fifth Conference on Law and Macroeconomics, 2022 New Zealand Finance Meeting, MFA 2023 Annual Meeting.

[3] Judicial Ideology and Business Dynamics (2021)
Matthew T. Gustafson

Using staggered changes in ideology of U.S. circuit courts, we examine the effect of judicial ideology on business decisions. We find evidence that shifts towards more liberal courts, which are commonly viewed as less pro-business, lead to business turnover. Turnover begins with increased establishment entry and job creation in the first five years, with establishment exits and job destruction peaking five to ten years afterwards. Additional tests suggest that this turnover results in an economy with fewer firms in judicially-sensitive industries, measured as industries exposed to litigation, intellectual property, and labor risks. Overall, our evidence suggests that conservative courts, act as a barrier to entry for new businesses, but also benefit firms in judicially sensitive industries.

Presentations: Iowa State University*, Third Annual Conference on Law and Macroeconomics, University of Miami*, MFA 2021 Annual Meeting, University of Bath*, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, 2021 American Law and Economics Association (ALEA) Annual Meeting in Chicago.

* denotes presentation by co-author

[4] Privacy Laws and Value of Personal Data (2022)
with Ilja Kantorovitch and Roxana Mihet

We analyze how the adoption of the California Consumer Privacy Act (CCPA), which limits consumer personal data acquisition, processing, and trade, affects voice-AI firms. To derive theoretical predictions, we use a general equilibrium model where firms produce intermediate goods using labor and data in the form of intangible capital, which can be traded subject to a cost representing regulatory and technical challenges. Firms differ in their ability to collect data internally, driven by the size of their customer base and reliance on data. When the introduction of the CCPA increases the cost of trading data, sophisticated firms with small customer bases are hit the hardest. Such firms have a low ability to collect in-house data and high reliance on data and cannot adequately substitute the previously externally purchased data. We utilize novel and hand-collected data on voice-AI firms to provide empirical support for our theoretical predictions. We empirically show that sophisticated firms with voice-AI products experience lower returns on assets than their industry peers after the introduction of the CCPA, and firms with weak customer bases experience the strongest distortionary effects.

Presentations: University of Lausanne*, ESSEC*, 2022 Next Generation of Antitrust, Data Privacy and Data Protection Scholars Conference (NYU), 15th Digital Economics Conference at Toulouse School of Economics*, NBER Economics of Privacy Conference, AEA 2023.

Slides: NBER Slides can be found here.

* denotes presentation by co-author

[5] Capitol punishment: Effects of congressional seniority ranks on corporate outcomes in the U.S. (2021)

I study the effects of congressional seniority ranks on corporate outcomes in the U.S. I show that firms located in districts of lower-ranked legislators exhibit weaker sales to government, corporate downsizing, and lower valuations. These firms are also more exposed to civil disorder, including attacks that specifically target government offices, infrastructure, and employees. Seniority lotteries in House committees suggest that the links between congressional seniority ranks and corporate outcomes are causal.

Presentations: University of Amsterdam, Analysis Group, Cornerstone Research, Einaudi Institute, George Washington University, Said Business School at University of Oxford, Smeal College of Business at Pennsylvania State University, Simon Business School at University of Rochester, Sabanci University, Stanford University GSB.

[6] Can Enforcements Stop Illicit Sellers on E-Commerce Platforms? (2020)

This paper provides the first exploration of how illicit sellers operate on e-commerce platforms and how they respond to enforcements. I use a novel data set of 71 million illicit — i.e., fraudulent, counterfeit, or replica — items that were removed from online marketplaces. By using natural language processing and computer vision techniques on these products and by tracking business activities of the illicit sellers, I identify a large number of similar but previously unnoticed illicit products (UIPs) that are currently sold online. For each illicit product that was previously removed, I detect 16.91 UIPs. Of these, 84% remained on the market during the one-year period after the removal of the initial illicit product. Nonetheless, the total market value of these products decreased by up to 80% after enforcements. My findings suggest that enforcements against illicit products on e-commerce platforms encourage separating equilibria, in which illicit sellers have weaker incentives to pool with authentic producers than to be revealed as low-quality producers.

Papers at the R&R Stage:

[1] Choose Your Battles Wisely: The Consequences of Protesting Government Procurement Contracts (2022)
Jess Cornaggia and Kimberly Cornaggia

We examine the relation between a firm’s successful protest of a government agency’s conduct or terms of a procurement contract and the amount of business the firm conducts with the government going forward. We find firms receive fewer and less valuable government contracts, face more contract cancellations, and experience significant reductions in sales growth and employee growth. Despite widespread belief, successful bid protesters do not delay government procurement due to lengthy dispute resolutions. Overall, we provide the first analysis of corporate interactions with the United States government bid-protest system.

Presentations: 2020 American Finance Association Meetings (San Diego), MFA 2020 Annual Meeting in Chicago, 2020 American Law and Economics Association (ALEA) Annual Meeting in Chicago, Clemson University*, Emory University*, Pennsylvania State University (Smeal College of Business and Harrisburg), Emory University*, and Temple University (Fox School of Business)*.

* denotes presentation by co-author

Work in Progress:


Permanent Working Paper:

[1] Is the revolving door of Washington a back door to government contracts and excess stock market returns? (2018)
Jose Vicente Martinez and Han Özsöylev

The movement of individuals between government positions and private sector employment influences federal government contracting decisions and stock market returns. Firms that will soon hire government officials receive valuable government contracts, beat consensus earnings forecasts, and outperform in the stock market. Managers of these firms can successfully forecast future firm earnings that come as a surprise to equity analysts. These findings support a quid pro quo hypothesis, in that firms hire government officials in exchange for valuable government contracts. We run a battery of robustness checks to mitigate endogeneity concerns and address other possible explanations.

Awards: 2014 SBS Doctoral Conference (1st Place), 2015 Hakan Orbay Research Award (2nd Place)

Presentations: 2016 American Finance Association Meetings (San Francisco), Said Business School at University of Oxford, Hanken School of Economics (HCCG), Koc University*, Aix-Marseille School of Economics*.

* denotes presentation by co-author

Media mention: Invited summary article at Columbia Law School's Blue Sky Blog.