Mehmet Ihsan Canayaz
Assistant Professor of Finance
Smeal College of Business
Pennsylvania State University


Please find my CV here.
I maintain a GitHub Repository here.

Contact Information:
342 Business Building
University Park, PA 16802
Phone: +1-814-863-3714
E-mail: mcanayaz at psu dot edu

Refereed Publications:

[1] Fake Products, Real Effects: Evidence from Special 301 Actions, 2022, Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis, Forthcoming, with Umit Gurun.

Working Papers:

[1] Capitol punishment: Effects of congressional seniority ranks on corporate outcomes in the U.S. (2021)

I study the effects of congressional seniority ranks on corporate outcomes in the U.S. I show that firms located in districts of lower-ranked legislators exhibit weaker sales to government, corporate downsizing, and lower valuations. These firms are also more exposed to civil disorder, including attacks that specifically target government offices, infrastructure, and employees. Seniority lotteries in House committees suggest that the links between congressional seniority ranks and corporate outcomes are causal.

Presentations: University of Amsterdam, Analysis Group, Cornerstone Research, Einaudi Institute, George Washington University, Said Business School at University of Oxford, Smeal College of Business at Pennsylvania State University, Simon Business School at University of Rochester, Sabanci University, Stanford University GSB.


[2] Judicial Ideology and Business Dynamics (2021)
with
Matthew T. Gustafson

Using staggered changes in ideology of U.S. circuit courts, we examine the effect of judicial ideology on business decisions. We find evidence that shifts towards more liberal courts, which are commonly viewed as less pro-business, lead to business turnover. Turnover begins with increased establishment entry and job creation in the first five years, with establishment exits and job destruction peaking five to ten years afterwards. Additional tests suggest that this turnover results in an economy with fewer firms in judicially-sensitive industries, measured as industries exposed to litigation, intellectual property, and labor risks. Overall, our evidence suggests that conservative courts, act as a barrier to entry for new businesses, but also benefit firms in judicially sensitive industries.

Presentations: Iowa State University*, Third Annual Conference on Law and Macroeconomics, University of Miami*, MFA 2021 Annual Meeting, University of Bath*, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, 2021 American Law and Economics Association (ALEA) Annual Meeting in Chicago.

* denotes presentation by co-author


[3] Privacy Laws and Value of Personal Data (2022)
with Simona Abis, Ilja Kantorovitch, Roxana Mihet, and Huan Tang

We analyze how the adoption of the California Consumer Protection Act (CCPA), which limits buying or selling consumer data, heterogeneously affects firms with and without previously gathered data on consumers. Exploiting a novel and hand-collected data set of 11,436 conversational-AI firms with rich personal data on identifiable U.S. consumers, we find that the CCPA gives a strong protection and advantage to firms with in-house data on consumers. First, products of these firms experience significant appreciations in customer ratings and are able to collect more customer data relative to their competitors after the adoption of the CCPA. Second, publicly traded firms with in-house data exhibit higher valuations, profitability, asset utilization, and they invest more after the adoption of the CCPA. Third, earnings of such firms can be more accurately predicted by analysts. To rationalize these empirical findings, we build a general equilibrium model where firms produce final goods using labor and data in the form of intangible capital, which can be traded with other firms subject to an iceberg transportation cost. When the introduction of the CCPA increases the transportation cost, firms without in-house data suffer the most because they cannot adequately substitute the previously externally purchased data, while firms with in-house data expand their market share.

Presentations: University of Lausanne*, ESSEC*, 2022 Next Generation of Antitrust, Data Privacy and Data Protection Scholars Conference (NYU), 15th Digital Economics Conference at Toulouse School of Economics*, NBER Economics of Privacy Conference.

Slides: NBER Slides can be found here.

* denotes presentation by co-author


[4] Macroeconomic sentiment and hedge fund returns (2022)
with Mustafa Caglayan, Tim Simin, and Le Zhao

Using a novel dataset of media sentiment concerning macroeconomic developments, we show that sentiment for economic growth, inflation, unemployment, and bond prices predict hedge fund returns. We blend these proxies with social disorder and political sentiment to create a broad macro sentiment index (MSI). Funds with high MSI betas generate 5.6% higher alphas than funds with low MSI betas. This result is robust to controlling other risk and uncertainty measures, and to orthogonalizing MSI against sentiment indices previously used in literature. We demonstrate the viability of MSI as a state variable and therefore a valid risk factor in the ICAPM.



[5] Can Enforcements Stop Illicit Sellers on E-Commerce Platforms? (2020)

This paper provides the first exploration of how illicit sellers operate on e-commerce platforms and how they respond to enforcements. I use a novel data set of 71 million illicit — i.e., fraudulent, counterfeit, or replica — items that were removed from online marketplaces. By using natural language processing and computer vision techniques on these products and by tracking business activities of the illicit sellers, I identify a large number of similar but previously unnoticed illicit products (UIPs) that are currently sold online. For each illicit product that was previously removed, I detect 16.91 UIPs. Of these, 84% remained on the market during the one-year period after the removal of the initial illicit product. Nonetheless, the total market value of these products decreased by up to 80% after enforcements. My findings suggest that enforcements against illicit products on e-commerce platforms encourage separating equilibria, in which illicit sellers have weaker incentives to pool with authentic producers than to be revealed as low-quality producers.

Papers at the R&R Stage:

[1] Country Reputation and Corporate Activity (2022)
with
Alper Darendeli

We study the link between a previously neglected form of intangible asset—country reputation—and corporate sales. By exploiting variation in nationalities of foreign victims in local terror attacks, we detect unanticipated distortions in reputations of local countries in foreign countries and we pin down reductions in sales of local country firms in foreign markets. The reductions in sales are economically and statistically significant, persistent, and more pronounced after attacks with high levels of foreign media coverage. Local country firms, whose names resemble names from their countries of origin, experience greater deteriorations in their sales. The distortions in country reputations are associated with depreciations in overall firm value, asset growth, and profitability.

Research grant: Tier-1 Academic Research Fund of S$58,471.45 from the Singapore Ministry of Education.

Presentations: 2018 Finance Day at Koc University, The Thirteenth Conference on Asia-Pacific Financial Markets (CAFM)*, Fourth Annual Volatility Institute at NYU Shanghai (VINS) Conference-“The Financial Implications of Geopolitical Risks”*, MFA 2019 Annual Meeting in Chicago, Finance Down Under 2019*, Eastern Finance Association 2019 Annual Meeting, 2019 INSEAD Marketing Strategy Meets Wall Street Conference, 5th CEIBS Finance and Accounting Symposium*, Oxford Reputation Symposium 2019, SMU/NUS/NTU Accounting Research Conference*, 2019 CMU-PITT-PSU Finance Conference, 2019 China International Conference in Finance (CICF)*, University of Goettingen, 2019 American Accounting Association (AAA) Annual Meeting.

* denotes presentation by co-author

Media mention: Reputation Magazine

Code: Parts of our code are shared here.



[2] Choose Your Battles Wisely: The Consequences of Protesting Government Procurement Contracts (2021)
with
Jess Cornaggia and Kimberly Cornaggia

We examine the relation between a firm’s successful protest of a government agency’s conduct or terms of a procurement contract and the amount of business the firm conducts with the government going forward. We find firms receive fewer and less valuable government contracts, face more contract cancellations, and experience significant reductions in sales growth and employee growth. Despite widespread belief, successful bid protesters do not delay government procurement due to lengthy dispute resolutions. Overall, we provide the first analysis of corporate interactions with the United States government bid-protest system.

Presentations: 2020 American Finance Association Meetings (San Diego), MFA 2020 Annual Meeting in Chicago, 2020 American Law and Economics Association (ALEA) Annual Meeting in Chicago, Clemson University*, Emory University*, Pennsylvania State University (Smeal College of Business and Harrisburg), Emory University*, and Temple University (Fox School of Business)*.

* denotes presentation by co-author


Work in Progress:

TBA

Permanent Working Paper:

[1] Is the revolving door of Washington a back door to government contracts and excess stock market returns? (2018)
with
Jose Vicente Martinez and Han Özsöylev

The movement of individuals between government positions and private sector employment influences federal government contracting decisions and stock market returns. Firms that will soon hire government officials receive valuable government contracts, beat consensus earnings forecasts, and outperform in the stock market. Managers of these firms can successfully forecast future firm earnings that come as a surprise to equity analysts. These findings support a quid pro quo hypothesis, in that firms hire government officials in exchange for valuable government contracts. We run a battery of robustness checks to mitigate endogeneity concerns and address other possible explanations.

Awards: 2014 SBS Doctoral Conference (1st Place), 2015 Hakan Orbay Research Award (2nd Place)

Presentations: 2016 American Finance Association Meetings (San Francisco), Said Business School at University of Oxford, Hanken School of Economics (HCCG), Koc University*, Aix-Marseille School of Economics*.

* denotes presentation by co-author

Media mention: Invited summary article at Columbia Law School's Blue Sky Blog.