Petroleum Biotechnology
Petroleum is a complex mixture of hydrocarbons and other organic compounds, including some organometallo constituents, most notably complexing vanadium and nickel. Petroleum recovered from different reservoirs varies widely in compositional and physical properties. Long recognized as substrates supporting microbial growth, these hydrocarbons are both a target and a product of microbial metabolism.

 َApplication of Biotechnological processes in Petroleum industries could be classified as:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Biotechnology Applications in Oil, Gas & petrochemical Industries

 

Exploration

&

Production

 

Biomarkers 

MEOR 

Drilling Fluid 

 

 

 

Transportation&Storage

 

 

 Tank clean-up 

Oil Transportation In pipelines

Deemulsification 

 

 

 

Refining

 

 

 

Viscosity reduction 

Biodesulfurization 

Biodenitrogenation 

Biological Demetallization 

 

Petrochemistry

 

 

Biotransformation

 

 

 

 

Environment

 

 

 Bioremediation

Waste water treatment 

Biofilteration 

Biosensor 

 

HSE

 

 

Controlling undesired microbial activities

 

 

 

 

Specific Bioproducts

 

 

SCP 

PHA 

Biofuels 

Biolubricant 

 

 Current applied research on petroleum microbiology encompasses oil spill remediation, fermentor- and wetland-based hydrocarbon treatment, biofiltration of volatile hydrocarbons, microbial enhanced oil recovery, oil and fuel upgrading through desulfurization and denitrogenation, coal processing, fine-chemical production, and microbial community-based site assessment.