tenth large-scale excavation season at Megiddo was carried out over a seven
week period in June and July 2012, with over 100 staff and team members
participating. Four areas were dug: Areas H, K, Q, which were also excavated in
2010 and in previous seasons, and Area S, which was opened this season.
continued in this stratigraphic trench, located in the northwestern sector of
the mound, near the complex of palaces, which had been unearthed in the 1930s
by the University of Chicago team. In 2012 it became clear that Level H-11,
uncovered in 2010, equals University of Chicago Stratum VIIA of the Late Bronze
III – the final Late Bronze layer at Megiddo. Excavations in 2012 shed
important light on the material culture, date and history of this city. Radiocarbon
results put the destruction of Level H-11 in the late 12th century
BCE. Earlier levels, which date to the Late Bronze II, were unearthed in 2012.
photograph of Area H, with Late Bronze II remains exposed in the squares
exposure of Level K-9 has been concluded and work continued on Levels K-10 of
the Late Bronze I and K-11 of the end-phase of the Middle Bronze. The nature of
the transition from the Middle Bronze to the Late Bronze at Megiddo had been
under dispute. It is now clear that at least in Area K this transition was
peaceful; there were no signs of destruction. Excavation of the Middle Bronze
brick and earth fortifications continued. The city-wall is over six meters wide
and is preserved to a height of over three meters. An earthen glacis supported
the city-wall on its outer side.
aerial photograph of Area K, with elements of Levels K-9 and K-10; note brick
Middle Bronze city-wall at left end of the area
of brick Middle Bronze city-wall (right), supported by an earthen glacis (left)
main achievement of the 2012 season was the excavation of a large Iron IIA
building, which features three rows of six pillars each – apparently 18 pillars
in all. When the building went out of use, part of its space was given over to
iron working. In another sector of the area excavation reached the destruction
layer of the late Iron I. A geo-archaeological study of this layer began during
the season and will continue in an additional short season here in October
2012. A hoard of six iron daggers and two bronze bowls, dating to the Iron I,
was discovered in the southern part of the area.
photograph of the northern sector of Area Q, with remains of Iron IIA pillared
building (to the right of the group of team members)
layer of the late Iron I in the southern end of Area Q
here was conducted in Area AA of the University of Chicago dig. The goal was to
shed light on the Middle Bronze fortifications, including the well-known gate
of Stratum XIII – the earliest gate exposed to date at Megiddo. The dig exposed
the different phases of the Middle Bronze fortifications and revealed that the
gate as described following the 1930s excavation does not exist. The true gate,
which belongs to the early phase of the Middle Bronze Age, has a different
plan. It was blocked in a later phase of the period. A large Middle Bronze
tower was unearthed under the Late Bronze gate plaza.
view of the excavation in Area S
micro-archaeology projects were undertaken at Megiddo during the 2012 season.
These included geo-archaeological, paleo-magnetism and metallurgical
investigations in Area Q and a continuing effort to radiocarbon date the many layers
in the two stratigraphic sections – Areas H and K.