Neurology and Neurosurgery Words / Terms For Medical Transcriptionists

 
abasia

absence seizures

acalculia

acaudal

accessory nerve

acetylcholine

acoustic schwannoma

afebrile seizure

afferent nerves

Alzheimer dementia

Alzheimer disease

amplitude

amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (or ALS)

anencephaly

aneurysm

aphasia

apraxia

arachnoid foramen

arachnoid membrane

astasia

astrocyte

astrocytoma

ataxia

ataxic gait

atonic seizure

aura

autonomic nervous system

axon

axon reflex

Babinski reflex

Babinski sign

Babinski syndrome

bacterial meningitis

Bell palsy

blood-brain barrier

bradykinesia

brain stem OR brainstem

brain wave

brainstem astrocytoma

Broca aphasia

Broca convolution

Broca fissure

Brudzinski sign

bulldog response

cardioembolic stroke

carotid plexus

cauda equina

cephalalgia

cephalgia

cerebellar

cerebellopontine (or CP)

cerebellum

cerebral angiography

cerebral brucellosis

cerebral concussion

cerebral cortex

cerebral hemorrhage

cerebral palsy

cerebral poliomyelitis

cerebral ventricle

cerebrospinal fluid (or CSF)

cerebrospinal fluid analysis

cerebrovascular accident

cerebrum

cervical radiculopathy

clonic seizure

closed head injury

cognitive deficit

coma

comatose

community-acquired bacterial meningitis

convolution

corpus callosum

cranial nerves (I-XII)

craniostenosis

craniosynostosis

craniotomy

cystic encephalomalacia

delirium

delirium tremens (or DT)

dementia

demyelination

dendrite

dense hemiparesis

dense hemiplegia

diplegia

dopamine

dopamine agonist

dura mater

dyslexia

echoencephalography

efferent nerves

embolic stroke

embolism

encephalitis

encephalomalacia

encephalopathy

epidural hematoma

epilepsy

epileptic seizure

event recall

evoked seizure

expressive aphasia

festinating gait

fissure

flaccid paralysis

foramen

foraminal

fornix

fourth ventricle

frontal lobe

galea

galea aponeurotica

ganglia

ganglion

ganglionectomy

giant cell astrocytoma

glioblastoma multiforme

glioma

grand mal seizure

gray matter

Guillain-Barré polyneuritis

Guillain-Barré syndrome

gyri

gyrus

hemianencephaly

hemianopia

hemiparesis

hemiplegia

hemorrhagic stroke

Huntington chorea

hydrocephalus

hyperesthesia

hyperkinesis

hypophysis

hypothalamus

intrathecal

Jolly reaction

lacunar stroke

laminectomy

leptomeningitis

lumbar puncture

lumbosacral radiculopathy

median nerve

medulla oblongata

meningeal

meninges

meningioma

meningitis

meningomyelocele

microglial cell

mild dementia

monoplegia

motor impairment

MRA

MRI

multiinfarct dementia

multiple sclerosis (or MS)

myasthenia gravis

myasthenic reaction

myelin sheath

myelogram

narcolepsy

neuralgia

neurological deficit

neuron

neuropathy

neurotransmitter

new-onset seizure

normocephalic

occipital lobe

orthostatic syncope

palsy

paraplegia

paresis

paresthesia

parietal lobe

parietooccipital fissure

Parkinson disease

peripheral nervous system

petit mal seizures

pia mater

piloid astrocytoma

poliomyelitis

polyneuritis

pons

postictal paresis

quadriplegia

radiculitis

radiculopathy

residual hemiparesis

Romberg sign

Romberg test

schwannoma

sciatic nerve

secondary seizure

seizure activity

senile delirium

senile dementia

senile tremor

sensory ataxia

sensory evoked potential

sensory impairment

shearing injury

somatosensory aura

somatosensory evoked potential

spastic hemiparesis

spastic hemiplegia

spastic quadriplegia

spina bifida

staphylococcal meningitis

stellate astrocyte

stereotactic neurosurgery

stimulus

subclinical seizure

sulci

sulcus

sylvian fissure

sympathetic nerves

synapse

synapse loss

syncopal

syncope

tandem stance

TBI or traumatic brain injury

thalamic

thalamus

thecal

thecal sac

thrombosis

titubation

tonic-clonic seizures

t-PA (tissue plasminogen activator)

transient hemiparesis

transient ischemic attack or TIA

trephination

tuberculous meningitis

vagal

vagotomy

vagovagal

vasovagal epilepsy

vasovagal syncope

venous thrombosis

ventricle of brain

vestibular schwannoma

viral meningitis

visual reflex epilepsy

visuospatial

vocal cord paralysis

waddling gait

Wernicke aphasia

whiplash injury

white matter

wide-necked aneurysm

Wolf-Orton bodies

Wolman disease

woodcutter's encephalitis

wormian bones

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