Zurich

Zurich is the largest city in Switzerland and the capital of the eponymous German-speaking canton. Located in the north-eastern part of the country in a picturesque area on the shore of Lake Zurich. Zurich is the economic and cultural center of Switzerland, as well as one of the largest financial centers in Europe. But this is not a boring city of banks and headquarters. Zurich is a fascinating place with interesting sights, a well-preserved old town with medieval and Renaissance buildings, many museums and galleries.

Zurich is one of the most expensive cities in the world, but at the same time one of the best in quality of life. The city is known for its cleanliness, accuracy and a liberal atmosphere, which, in due time, attracted such historical figures as: Lenin, Buchner, Jung, Mann. Zurich is suitable for all tourists: history buffs can walk around the old city and explore ancient sights, culture buffs - visit numerous museums and art galleries, party buffs - stroll through clubs, bars and restaurants.

Zurich is located in the northern part of Lake Zurich at the source of the Limmat River, which crosses the historic center. The city is located in a valley between the mountains of Uetliberg and Zurichberg, 30 km north of the Alps. Therefore, Zurich is sometimes called the "gateway to the Alps."

Autumn in Zurich
The climate is temperate continental with warm but rainy summers. Winter is cool with slight frosts and unstable snow cover.

The population is more than 400 thousand people. Agglomeration - more than 1 million
Area - 87.93 km2.
Language is German. The most common is the Züridüütsch dialect. English and French are also widely spoken.
Currency is Swiss franc.
Time - UTC +1, in the summer +2.
The visa is Schengen.

The most popular shopping areas: Bahnhofstrasse - one of the most exclusive and expensive shopping streets in the world, which runs from the main station to the lake, Niederdorf - clothing and shoe stores, Löwenstrasse - a chain of supermarkets and inexpensive stores.

Do not buy Swiss watches in supermarkets or other similar stores. Real Swiss watches cannot cost 8-10 francs. It is better to make such purchases in company stores. The best low-cost brands: Swatch, Mondaine. Of the more expensive, it is worth paying attention to Tissot.

Frey and Lindt are leaders in the Swiss chocolate market and offer high quality at a bargain price.
We recommend buying traditional Swiss products from Schweizer Heimatwerk.

Popular traditional foods: fondue (fondue), raclette (similar to fondue, only cheese served with potatoes and marinades), chnöpfli (soft egg noodles with meat), würste (grilled sausages), rösti with meat (grated potato, reminiscent of taste hash browns), zürigeschnätzlets (veal in wine sauce).

Of the traditional products, the most popular are cheese, chocolate and sweets, ham and sausage.

In ancient times, there was a Celtic settlement on the site of Zurich, which in the 1st century BC was conquered by the Roman Empire. The Romans built a customs post here between Recy and Belgica and named it Turikum. The first mention of the city dates back to 929.

Old city
In the 13-17 centuries, Zurich was an imperial city within the Holy Roman Empire. In 1351 he became a member of the Swiss Union. In the 16th century, Zurich became one of the center of the Reformation, led by Ulrich Zwingli.

From the 16th to the 18th century Zurich reached its highest peak. In 1648, he changed his status from the imperial city to the status of a republic. In 1847, the first Swiss railway connected Zurich and Basel. In March 1945, it was mistakenly bombarded by the Americans.

Zurich is Switzerland's largest and most important transportation hub. The city has the largest and busiest airport in the country. Regular trains run from the airport to the center of Zurich. The main train station (Hauptbahnhof) is generally the largest in the world. The station accepts almost 3,000 trains per day and has a passenger flow of 350,000 to 500,000 people daily. It is not surprising that Zurich is easily accessible from almost any major European city by plane, train, bus or car.

The old city of Zurich is the medieval charm of old streets, ancient buildings and churches, as well as the splendor of the monumental architecture of the 19-20 century. Zurich Altstadt is located on the eastern bank of the Limmat River and has a diverse architecture: from medieval Gothic to modern architectural directions.

Old city

In the Middle Ages, Zurich was surrounded by a fortress wall. Until our time, the old city walls have not been preserved. The old city has all the most famous historical sights of Zurich, so it is a center of attraction for all guests of this wonderful city.

Bahnhofstrasse

Bahnhofstrasse is the main street of Zurich. This busy pedestrian highway runs from the main train station to Bürkliplatz on the shores of Lake Zurich. Bahnhofstrasse is considered one of the most attractive shopping streets in Europe with many expensive shops and 19-20 century architecture.

Fraumunster is one of the oldest churches in Zurich, located on the Limmat promenade in the old city. The church was founded in 853 by Emperor Ludwig. The modern building is a beautiful three-level columned basilica of the 13-15th century with a Gothic nave, a Romanesque altar and an early Gothic transept. Also here you can see fragments of a crypt from the time of the ancient abbey of the 9th century. Interesting features of Fraumunster: beautiful stained glass windows and an altar.

Church of st. Petra

Church of st. Petra is the oldest parish church in Zurich, founded in the 9th century. The original structure of the ancient building is still visible under the altar. The current building is Gothic, has a Romanesque choir of the early 13th century and a baroque nave with three aisles and galleries. The most interesting feature of the church of St. Petra are the giant clocks on the tower, which are the largest in Europe (the diameter of the dial is 8.7 m).

Grossmünster

Grossmünster is Zurich's largest religious building, an impressive Romanesque basilica built between the 11th and 13th centuries. In the 16th century, the church became one of the centers of the Reformation. The most interesting feature of its architecture are the twin towers. The upper levels of the towers were completed at the end of the 15th century.

Old houses along the Limmat River
Along the Limmat River embankment are several elegant old guild houses with luxurious interiors reflecting the wealth of guilds that ruled Zurich until 1789. The town hall is located here, which hangs over the river and is supported by the arches of the bridge. It was built between 1694 and 1698 in the late Renaissance style.

Lindenhof
Lindenhof is the oldest part of Zurich, located between the Bahnhofstrasse and the left bank of the Limmat River. It was here that the Romans built their fortified settlement. Later, Charlemagne built the royal residence here. Until our time, these ancient structures have not been preserved. Now there is a park with stunning views of the old city.
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