Pyongyang

Pyongyang, the capital of the DPRK, is located in the western part of the country. The name of the city, translated from Korean, means "cozy area", which is quite true, since its surroundings are particularly picturesque and beautiful.

The favorable geographical position of Pyongyang predetermined his fate, due to which he from his very foundation was the most important center of trade in this region. Well, the centuries-old Korean history left a special imprint on the ancient city. True, during the Korean Patriotic War it was completely destroyed, and then very quickly restored.

It is worth saying that Pyongyang does not at all look like the usual capital cities. There are no noisy street flows of people, neon signs and ubiquitous taxis, but there are wide avenues, small green parks and monuments of the socialist period, perfectly in harmony with the general atmosphere of a frozen time. Of course, rest in Pyongyang is not limited to sightseeing and immersion in the long-forgotten era of socialism. In addition, here you can get acquainted with Korean traditions, taste unusual dishes and buy original Asian souvenirs.

The Pyongyang Metro was commissioned in September 1973. It is one of the most beautiful in the world. The stations are spacious, the columns are decorated with marble, on the walls are huge mosaic paintings, murals, relief images showing life and nature in Korea. There are currently two lines and sixteen stations. The total length of the lines is about 23 kilometers. The stations are called: "Pukhyn" (Prosperity), "Yengwan" (Glory), "Ponghwa" (Torch), "Seenri" (Victory), "Thonir" (Unification), "Keson" (Triumphal Return), "Hwangimbor" (Harvest or Golden Field), Kwanbok (Renaissance), Rakvon (Happy Land), Samkhyn (Innovation), Consor (Construction), Konguk (Country Construction) and Pulgynber (Red Star) ) Interchange stations are called "Chonsyn" and "Chonu" (Battle friend and Victory in the war). Metro deep laying. Subway cars are mainly of German origin. An interesting feature is the lighting of escalator shafts not with chandeliers or vertical lamps, but with the luminous walls of the escalator. At the time of construction it was very modern. At the end of each carriage are portraits of comrades Kim Il Sung and Kim Jong Il.

Electric transport is noticeably developed in Pyongyang, and the main means of transportation, even in the areas of new buildings, are trams and trolleybuses of the Czechoslovak ("Tatra") and local production. There are not many buses, and, basically, they perform suburban flights. All city transport is very worn out, and when something breaks, the electricity is cut off or the wire breaks, passengers together push the trolley to the side of the road. There are yellow five-pointed stars on the trolley buses showing how many kilometers the trolley bus traveled without accidents (?) Or overhaul (?). Each asterisk supposedly equal to 50,000 kilometers. You can see trolleybuses on which such stars are well over twenty. Foreigners do not travel in public transport.

The city has a taxi - the old Romanian "Dacia" and modern South Korean or Japanese middle class cars. However, for locals it is an expensive pleasure.

In front of the Palace of Studies, there is a world-famous square where parades of the Korean People’s Army are held, where parades, demonstrations, mass gymnastic and dance performances are held on public holidays. On the square from the side of the Palace of Studies is a guest tribune.

The People's Palace of Studies was opened on April 1, 1982. As they say, any person can come here to improve their education. Inside are reading and lecture halls, language laboratories and computer rooms, a huge book depository. 

here is a room called "Question - Answer", in which a scientist is on duty, ready to give an answer to any question.

The Juche Ideas Monument on the banks of the Tedon River was unveiled on April 15, 1982, on the 70th anniversary of Comrade Kim Il Sung. According to many, this is the only monument in the world not to a person or event, but to ideology. Although, the Statue of Liberty in the USA is also a kind of monument of ideology. Height is 170 meters. On the front and back of the monument, the golden letters “Juche” shine brightly. Juche's ideas, in short, are based on the self-reliance of man and the Korean people. At the top of the pillar is a 20-meter-high torch, which symbolizes the "great and unfading triumph of Juche ideas." In the dark, thanks to the backlight, a fire is simulated. As a rule, turn off the torch at 11 - 12 am. In front of the pillar is a 30-meter sculpture group: a worker with a hammer, a peasant woman with a sickle, and an intellectual with a brush. The crossed hammer, sickle, and brush are the emblem of the Korean Labor Party. On the back side of the pedestal in the niche is a wall assembled from more than two hundred marble and granite slabs sent by the heads of many countries of the world, well-known political figures and simply adherents of Juche's ideas. Among the plates there is one of Russia - from Mr. Vengerovsky, a member of the LDPR, ally of Zhirinovsky. Inside the monument there is an elevator on which you can climb for five euros directly to the base of the torch. It offers a wonderful view of the city.

Located on the Moranbon Hill in the center of Pyongyang. Built in 1946, renovated in 1985. The height of the monument is 30 meters.At present, it is not customary in Korea to say that the Soviet Army liberated them; it is believed that the Korean People's Revolutionary Army, led by Comrade Kim Il Sung, played a decisive role in the expulsion of the Japanese. However, the Liberation Monument is in excellent condition. He perpetuates the exploits of Soviet soldiers who participated in the battles for the liberation of Korea. After the withdrawal of Soviet troops from North Korea in 1948, the Pravda newspaper dated February 16, 1949 published a "Letter to Comrade Stalin," signed by 16,767,800 residents of North and South Korea, which stated that "the Korean people never will not forget the heroic deeds of the Soviet soldiers, they will be passed down from generation to generation, like wonderful fairy tales, eternally evoking a passionate feeling of love and gratitude for the Soviet Army among the people. "

Unfinished hotel "Ryugyon"

It has 105 floors with a height of about 330 meters. The seventh tallest building in the world.

The construction of the hotel, which consists of three wings, began in 1987. The facade of each of the wings is 100 meters long and 18 meters wide. At the top of the hotel is a forty-meter superstructure, the eight lower floors of which can rotate, and the upper six are motionless.

The construction plan for the 105-story skyscraper arose during the Cold War as a response to the construction by the South Korean company of the Stamford Hotel in Singapore. To attract foreign investment in construction, a special company, "Ryugyong Hotel Investment and Management Co", was created. It was estimated that she will collect 230 million USD of investments. The North Korean government has promised foreign investors relaxation of control, including even permission to build casinos, nightclubs and Japanese lounges. The hotel, being half unfinished, was printed on the maps, guides and postage stamps of the country.

The hotel was supposed to be open in June 1989 for the World Festival of Youth and Students, but construction problems and a lack of materials delayed the opening. In 1992, construction was stopped.

The main part of the tower was built, but windows, communications and equipment were not installed. According to the Emporis report, the top of the building is of poor quality and may fall off. According to this report, the current building structure cannot be operated.

However, at the end of 2008, the Egyptian firm Orascom resumed construction work at the hotel. The hull is largely lined with beautiful blue glass, and mobile communications equipment is installed at the top of the tower.
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