the last two decades of the nineteenth century, the western,
industrialized powers divided most of the world among themselves. The
new imperialism was motivated by material incentives, such as the need
for raw materials or the search for new materials, but religious and
humanitarian impulses, the so-called civilizing mission of the
imperialists, also played a role.
In Europe, the decline of the Ottoman empire provoked a scramble between European powers for control of the Balkans, Egypt, and Turkey.
Early attempts at international regulation of
colonialism in Africa failed, and rivalry embittered the relations
between the principal contenders, Britain, France, and Germany.
In Asia, the Dutch and British ruled through a civil service, but a rebellion in India prompted a change of British policy. Russian interests in Asia led to tensions with Britain and war with Japan. The Chinese faced a double threat from European and Japanese imperialism, but were ultimately forced to open their country to European traders through a series of wars. Meanwhile, Japanese aggression provided useful lessons to both Europeans and the colonized peoples of Asia.
1870, the possibility of war loomed over Europe. The Great Powers
formed unstable alliances with each other that pitted France, Britain,
and Russia against the Triple Entente of Germany, Austria-Hungary, and
Hopes that the war would end quickly dissipated as the
warring powers settled into a stalemate.
Russia, facing internal
pressures related to the revolution it had undergone in 1917, signed a
treaty with the Germans at the end of that year. The Americans began to
mobilize, and their intervention led to Germany’s surrender to the
Allies in 1918.
The German and Austrian-Hungarian empires collapsed, and
Germany was forced to bear the brunt of the peace settlements.
experiences of World War I left their mark on European culture, the
relationship between governments and national economies, and on
The Treaty of Versailles would prove a failure, as would the League of Nations, founded in hopes of preventing similar conflicts in the future.
(Click on images to enlarge)
World War One - Timeline ---
| The League of Nations 1920-1946|
| Europe plunges into war. Animated map**|| Europe after World War One. Animated Map**|
|** For Transcription in this two animated maps: when finishing the animation, click on the top menu ("Display the narrative")|
Animated Map: The Western Front, 1914 - 1918
Stretching 440 miles from the Swiss border to the North Sea, the line of trenches, dug-outs and barbed-wire fences moved very little between 1914-18, despite attempts on both sides to break through. Pinpoint key locations along the Western Front, watch the general movements of both sides and view the battles of Ypres, Verdun and the Somme in more detail.
Animated Map: Battle of the Somme
The Battle of the Somme was one of the most significant campaigns of World War One, as the Allied forces attempted to break through the German front line in northern France, 1916.
This interactive map shows the victories, defeats and painful stalemate, and how the lessons learned paved the way for victory on the Western Front in 1918.
|You´ll find some useful help for the WWI BITESIZE test here: || |
| Revise Long-term causes of war||Revise Terms of the Treaty of Versailles|
| Revise The League of Nation|| Revise The League's successes and failures|
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