1881 and the death of Alexander II, the reforming zeal of the tsars
waned. Discontent grew among peasants, and also among the
intelligentsia, who increasing formed revolutionary parties influenced
by anarchist and Marxist ideologies.
Tensions came to a head in 1917 when the tsar dismissed the Duma at a moment of economic crisis and deepening political divisiveness. The Bolsheviks were quick to seize control of the worker-led Soviets, in spite of resistance to their regime
The imperatives of civil war forced the Bolsheviks to withdraw from World War I, in a move that left the Allied powers bewildered.
the revolution advanced within the newly founded U.S.S.R., the Communist
party attempted to rapidly modernize and industrialize the country,
often with tremendous social costs.
Stalin made the most notorious use
of repression in implementing the early state-led economic plans and in
enhancing his own rule.
Internationally, the Soviet Union supported
anti-colonial strugglesaround the world.
The Russian Revolution of 1917
shares the historical magnitude of the French revolution. As a result
of the revolution, the Soviet Union came to occupy a mediating role
between the dominant west and the rest of the world".
|You´ll find some useful help for the Russian Revolution BITESIZE test here: || |
|The Tsar's regime till 1914 -- Revise ||The causes of the February Revolution -- Revise|
|The causes of the October Revolution -- Revise ||The Russian Civil War -- Revise|