Imperialism is the political theory of the acquisition and maintenance of empires. The term is used to describe the policy of a country in maintaining colonies and dominance over distant lands, regardless of whether the country calls itself an empire.
So Imperialism occurs when a strong nation takes over a weaker nation or region and dominates its economic, political, or cultural life.
This type of foreign policy was practiced by European nations (such as the United Kingdom, France, Germany, Italy), Japan and the United States throughout the 1800s and early 1900s.
In every case, a nation would experience industrialization prior to practicing imperialism on a foreign nation or region. This was due to the nearly insatiable demand for cheap raw materials and the need for markets to buy manufactured goods.
The term Age of Imperialism generally refers to the time period beginning around 1870 when modern, relatively developed nations were taking over less developed areas, colonizing them, or influencing them in order to expand their own power.
The term 'imperialism' should not be confused with ‘colonialism’ as it often is. The terms colonialism and imperialism belong together. Imperialism refers to the practice of extending political power, especially through the acquisition of conquered territory. The territories that are acquired are called colonies.
A colony is a settlement made by emigrants from the mother country. When the domestic life of a possession remains chiefly in the hands of the native people, it is called a dependency.
Colonies have not always been created by force. Sometimes a nation has taken over a region gradually. First it would make an exclusive trade treaty with the native ruler or obtain a small concession of land for business purposes. Next the nation would establish a protectorate. Colonization, however, has also caused the bloodiest wars of conquest and the destruction of peoples who stood in the paths of spreading empires.
In the short-term, imperialism was a very profitable
foreign policy which came at the expense of the foreign
regions where it was being practiced.
also occurred, leading to an exchange of ideas between
the West and the East. This
exchange eventually led to the demise of
colonialism throughout the world after
World War Two.
Causes of Imperialism
|Economic Motives||The Industrial Revolution created an insatiable demand for raw materials and new markets.|
|Nationalism||European nations wanted to demonstrate their power and prestige to the world.|
|Balance of Power||European nations were forced to acquire new colonies to achieve a balance with their neighbors and competitors.|
|White Man's Burden||The Europeans’ sense of superiority made them feel obligated to “civilize the heathen savages” they encountered.|
TEXT FROM: RegentsPrep . Oswego City School District Regents Exam Prep Center Created by Thomas Caswell ; 2012 Kids.Net.Au - Encyclopedia and