The Renaissance (from ri- "again" and nascere "birth") was a cultural movement that spanned roughly the 14th to the 17th century, beginning in Florence, Italy, and spreading to the rest of Europe by the 16th century. The invention of the printing press allowed the rapid transmission of these new ideas. As it spread, its ideas diversified and changed, being adapted to local culture.

   The Renaissance profoundly affected European intellectual life in the early modern period. It encompassed a resurgence of learning based on classical sources, a flowering of literature, science, art, politics, philosophy, religion, and other aspects of intellectual inquiry, and a gradual but widespread educational reform as well. Renaissance scholars employed the humanist method in study, and searched for realism and human emotion in art.

   Humanism was a cultural and educational reform engaged by scholars, writers, and civic leaders, known as Renaissance humanists. It developed during the fourteenth and the beginning of the fifteenth centuries, and was a response to the challenge of Mediaeval education, emphasizing practical and scientific studies. Humanists aspired to create a citizenry (sometimes including women) able to think, speak and write with eloquence and clarity. This was to be accomplished through the study of the studia humanitatis, today known as the humanities: grammar, rhetoric, history, poetry and philosophy.

    Early humanists were great collectors of antique manuscripts. Many humanists were churchmen, (e.g. Pope Pius II -Aeneas Silvius Piccolomini-, Sixtus IV and Leo X), others were in holy orders,  while others were lawyers and chancellors of Italian cities, and thus had access to book copying workshops...

    With the Counter Reformation initiated by the Council of Trent, positions hardened and a strict Catholic orthodoxy was imposed, and some humanists, even moderate Catholics such as Erasmus, risked being declared heretics for their criticism of the church.

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Renaissance, key concepts

Renaissance and Reformation (middle-high)                

The Art of Italian Renaissance



Early Renaissance

High Renaissance

Renaissance architecture, a sightseeing

Renaissance arquitecture

Arte Renacentista. Arquitectura



Northern Renaissance

Norhern Renaissance (middle-high)





Humanismo y Renacimiento

Inventions of the Renaissance





Mannerism (1500-1600)

Mannerism. El Greco



Renacimiento español

Renacimiento español, pero Ars longa...

Renacimiento español, arquitectura y escultura

Pintura del Renacimiento Español

El Greco

 Sábado, 14 Mayo 2011

 References for the PPT presentations included in the first / last slide.

 Some of the PPT Presentations have been adapted or modified in order to be more suitable for the students I work with. This resources have been used exclusively to teach History developing the History Bilingual Curriculum, not for personal or professional profit.

Explore the Renaissance