The Age of Discovery -or Age of Exploration- is the period when the pioneer Portuguese and Spanish navigators carried out long-distance maritime travels in search of alternative trade routes to the Indies, moved by the trade of gold, silver and spices.
From the early 15th century to the early 17th century, Europeans engaged in an intensive exploration of the world, establishing contacts with Africa, the Americas, Asia and Oceania and mapping the planet.
The Age of Discovery is seen as a bridge between the Middle Ages and the Modern era, along with its contemporary Renaissance movement, triggering the early modern period and the rise of European nation-states.
The Portuguese began systematically exploring the Atlantic coast of Africa from 1418, under the sponsorship of Prince Henry, reaching the Indian Ocean by this route in 1488. In 1492, racing to find a trade route to Asia, the Spanish monarchs funded Christopher Columbus’s plan to sail west to reach the Indies by crossing the Atlantic. He landed on an uncharted continent, then seen by Europeans as a new world, America.
European overseas expansion led to the rise of colonial empires, with
the contact between the Old and New Worlds producing the Columbian
Exchange: a wide transfer of plants, animals, foods, human populations
(including slaves), communicable diseases, and culture between the
Eastern and Western hemispheres.
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Some of the PPT Presentations have been adapted or modified in order to be more suitable for the students I work with. This resources have been used exclusively to teach History developing the History Bilingual Curriculum, not for personal or professional profit.
Martes 16, agosto, 2011