So, Early modern Europe is the period in the history of Europe (Western Europe, Central Europe and the first European colonies) between the end of the Middle Ages and the beginning of the Industrial Revolution, roughly the late 15th century to the late 18th century. The beginning and the end of the early modern period are not clear-cut; as with most periodizations of history, the precise dates chosen may vary.
The beginning is generally accepted to be in the late 15th century or early 16th century with such events as the invention of moveable type printing in the 1450s; the Fall of Constantinople in 1453; the end of the Wars of the Roses in 1485; the Voyages of Christopher Columbus and the end of the Reconquista in 1492 or the Protestant Reformation in 1517. The end of the early period, in the late eighteenth century, is often linked with an Age of Revolutions, beginning with those in North America and France (the French Revolution,1789). Its end point is usually also associated with the Industrial Revolution, which began in Britain in the mid eighteenth century.
The early modern period was characterized by deep changes which had profound effects in the European societies. Among the most important include the development of science, an increasingly rapid technological progress, the rise of strong centralized governments and the beginnings of recognizable nation-states that are the direct antecedents of today's states. Capitalist economies began to develop in a nascent form, first in the northern Italy and in the Low Countries, later in France, Germany and England.
The early modern period is associated with the decline of feudalism and serfdom and the rise of early authoritarian nation states.The Protestant Reformation split up western Christendom and Europe was involved in a long period of wars of religion; on the other hand, the early modern period also witnessed the Age of Discovery and the beginning of European colonialism, that brought about the circumnavigation of the earth and the establishment of regular European contact with the Americas, India, China, Japan and Southeast Asia. This earliest phase of globalization is one of the most important features of the early modern period and played an important role in the development of capitalism. The historical european powers became involved in a global trade (the Columbian Exchange) that greatly affected almost every society on Earth.
The expression "early modern" is sometimes incorrectly used as a substitute for the term Renaissance, and vice versa. However, "Renaissance" is properly used in relation to a cultural development. Be careful, in Spanish and continental historiography Early Modern era corresponds to the Historia Moderna, while Late Modern era correspons to the Historia Contemporánea.
Here you have several resources to go into some issues surrounding the early modern era, much more than in our history class we could play with.
TEXT adapted from:
(cursive titles = presentación en español)
ECONOMIA: El Mercantilismo
LA MONARQUÍA AUTORITARIA: La Monarquía autoritaria
References for the PPT presentations included in the first / last slide.
Some of the PPT Presentations have been adapted or modified in order to be more suitable for the students I work with. This resources have been used exclusively to teach History developing the History Bilingual Curriculum, not for personal or professional profit.
Martes, 16 Agosto 2011