Russian mathematician, engineer and inventor. After graduating from the Riga Technical University, at age he began as an assistant professor at the Technical University of Lviv.
In , Abakanowicz emigrated to France. One of his most popular inventions was the spirograph and the electric bell used in trains. He published several works, including works on statistics and numerous works of dissemination of science. The French government designated him as an expert on electrification and Abakanowicz was responsible for the electrification of the city of Lyon. In he received the medal of the Legion d'Honneur, the highest French honorary award, which rewards the military and civil merits rendered to the nation.