Vocabulary builder

Superlative Adjectives


You already know a lot of adjectives for describing people, places, buildings, and so on.
We can modify these to talk about the "number one".

Example: Kilimanjaro is a high mountain, but Everest is the highest mountain in the world.
Here, "high" is a simple adjective, and "the highest" is a superlative adjective.

How do we form superlative adjectives?
Usually we add "est" (but note the spelling changes for short adjectives ending in "vowel + consonant" and for adjectives that end in "y").
For longer adjectives (2 or more syllables) we use the word "most".
Some adjectives have irregular superlative forms.

 Short adjectives
high
long
big
small
fast
thin
clever
the highest
the longest
the biggest
the smallest
the fastest
the thinnest
the cleverest
 2-syllable adjectives ending in "y"
 easy
happy
funny
crazy
the easiest
the happiest
the funniest
the craziest
 Longer adjectives
beautiful
difficult
comfortable
reliable
the most beautiful
the most difficult
the most comfortable
the most reliable
 Irregular adjectives
good
bad
far
the best
the worst
the furthest

Exercise1: Now use the superlative forms of the adjectives to make questions.

Example: What is the name of (high) mountain in the world? => What is the name of the highest mountain in the world?

1) What is the name of (long) river in the USA?
2) What is the name of (high) mountain in the UK?
3) Which planet is (far) from the Sun?
4) Where is (big) bridge in the world?
5) How fast can (fast) car travel?
6) Which continent has (large) forest?

Check your adjectives here, then look up the answers to the questions on the internet.

Exercise 2:
You can also make questions about opinions, and use the present perfect with superlative adjectives to ask questions about experiences. (For present perfect revision, click here).

Example: What's (good) hotel you _____ ever _____ in? (stay) => What's the best hotel you have ever stayed in?

1) What's (bad) hotel you _____ever ______ in? (stay)
2) What's (delicious) food you ______ ever _______? (taste)
3) What's (dangerous) activity you _____ ever ______? (do)
4) Where's (exotic) place you ______ ever _______? (be)
5) What's (high) building you ______ ever _______? (visit)
6) What's (frightening) experience you ______ ever ______? (have)

Click here to check your questions, then answer them yourself or ask a friend.

Example: The best hotel I've ever stayed in was a small hotel in Yorkshire.

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