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Grammar focus

Possessive adjectives, possessive pronouns, and the possessive 's.


We can talk about possession using the words my, your, his, her, our, and their.
Examples: He's my father. She's my mother. It's our house. It's their car. It's your cat. It's his dog. He's her husband.

There are other ways to talk about possession in English.

Look at the following sentences. Then answer the questions using these words:
John's, mine, ours, Sally's, William's, theirs, Jane's, yours.

Jane has a red book, but I have a yellow book.
John has a red pen. You have a green pen.
William has a cat, but Sally has a dog.
They have a sports car, but we have a 4x4.

Whose is the red book? It's ________.
Whose is the yellow book? It's _______.
Whose is the red pen? It's ________.
Whose is the green pen? It's ________.
Whose cat is it? It's __________.
Whose dog is it? It's __________.
Whose is the sports car? __________.
Whose is the 4x4? It's ___________.

Now check your answers.

Summary
We can use the possessive adjective with a noun, or the possessive pronoun without a noun:

 Possessive Adjective
Possessive Pronoun
 It's my dog
It's mine
 It's your pen
It's yours
 It's his T-shirt
It's his
 It's her phone
It's hers
 It's our car
It's ours
 It's their house
It's theirs

We can use the possessive 's with or without a noun:

Whose bag is it? It's Mark's bag.
Whose bag is it? It's Mark's.

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