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Grammar Focus

Present Simple


We use present simple verbs to talk about things we do regularly (always, every day, usually, often, sometimes, never).
We also use
present simple verbs for things which are generally true.

  + (affirmative)
 - (negative)
 ? (question) and short answer
 I
 work don't (do not) work
 Do I work?            
 You work don't (do not) work Do you work?        Yes, I do / No, I don't
 He / She / It
 works doesn't (does not) work
 Does he work?      Yes, he does / No, he doesn't
 We work don't (do not) work Do we work?          Yes, we do / No, we don't
 You work don't (do not) work Do you work?        
 They work don't (do not) work Do they work?        Yes, they do / No, they don't

You can see that the only changes are for He / She / It (3rd person singular). We add s or es to the verb.
In all other cases, the verb form is the same as the infinitive.

Note: We add es in the 3rd person singular for verbs ending in -ch, -ss, -sh, etc:

I teach English ----- She teaches maths
You watch TV ----- He watches TV
We cross the road ----- He crosses the road

Now try the exercise.

Put the verb (in brackets) into the correct form.

I _____ (go) to school every day.

He ______ (like) chocolate.

We _______ (not watch) TV in the morning.

They _______ (not have) a car.

She _______ (not study) on Sundays.

____ you ______ (work) on Saturdays?

_____ he ______ (eat) meat?

Every morning I _______ (get up) at 8 o'clock.


Now check your answers!


Telling the Time


In English, there are two ways to say what time it is.

The easy way is to read the numbers from a digital clock:

11:27          What time is it? It's eleven twenty-seven.  
09:38            What's the time? It's nine thirty-eight.
14:05            What time is it? It's fourteen 'oh' five.

Another way is to use a traditional clock and traditional words.
In this clock you can see all the words you need.
"Past" means "after the hour", and "to" means "before the hour". Look at the examples below:



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