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Grammar focus

There is / There are

"There is / isn't"

We use these phrases to talk about the presence or absence of a single object or item.

"There are / aren't"

We use these phrases to talk about the presence or absence of many things.

 PhraseItem(s)
Question
Short answer
 There is
a kitchen.
Is there a kitchen?
Yes, there is.
 There isn't
a cinema.
Is there a cinema?
No, there isn't.
 There are
some trees.
Are there any trees?
Yes, there are.
 There aren't
any chairs.
Are there any chairs?
No, there aren't.
 There are
four boys.
How many boys are there?
Four.
There is
one girl.
How many girls are there?
One.

Note:
We use the word "some" before the noun in the phrase "There are",
but we use the word "any" before the noun in the negative and question forms.
We also use the phrase "are there" to ask "how many?".

Now look at the plan of the flat again, and complete the questions and answers underneath.


1) How ________ rooms are there?   There _____ seven rooms and one balcony.
2) ____ there a kitchen?   _____, ________ is.
3) _____  ________ windows ______ there?     Three.
4) Are there ______ chairs in the bedroom? No, _______  ________.
5) ____  _________ a shower in the bathroom?  No, _______   _______.
6) Is ________ a settee? _____, ________  _____.
7) How many armchairs _____  ________? There ____ one armchair.
8) There ________  _____ windows in the corridor.

Now check your answers

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