If you are looking for ways to prevent being bitten by ticks (again)-
Please see the "Prevention" page by clicking HERE.
If you are searching for the proper way to remove a tick-
Please see the information below.
To help prevent tick exposure his clothing was pre-treated with Permanone (unscented) a few days before the season opened. Using Permanone on clothing is an excellent way to protect against chiggers too.
Due to the high risk of acquiring one or more tick borne diseases in Maryland,
When a tick bites you,
GET IT RIGHT, TREAT THE BITE!
A special note to hunters- Check yourselves, your clothing, and your dogs before going home. If you are lucky enough to bag a deer or other wildlife, wrap the animal in a treated sheet as soon as possible, or properly hang the deer over an old sheet that has been liberally treated with Permanone before hand.
As the deer cools, ticks will drop off. As ticks land on the treated material and try to escape, they will die instead of taking up residence in your yard. This will help to prevent exposure to your family, your pets and other families in the neighborhood.
Deer meat should be cooked thoroughly before eating. When butchering or handling raw meat, disposable gloves should be worn. [Ok, at least wash your hands really well with soap and HOT water.]
Procedure to properly remove a tick
With a pair of fine point tweezers, grasp the tick as close to the skin as possible and pull outward with a slow, even force, pulling in the opposite direction to how the tick entered the skin.
DO NOT JERK OR TWIST THE TICK. This might tear the head and mouth parts from the tick's body and will encourage the ticks fluid to enter your blood stream or skin.
DO NOT USE THE FINGERS TO REMOVE THE TICK. Squeezing the tick could cause it to disgorge the contents of its body into the wound. You can contract Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever simply by handling ticks and having their excretions absorb through your skin.
DO NOT ATTEMPT TO REMOVE THE TICK WITH CHEMICALS (such as nail polish remover, kerosene, oils, etc) OR BY HEATING THE TICKS WITH A MATCH. This can kill the tick before it disengages its mouthparts. It can also cause the tick to regurgitate gunk into the wound, increasing the likelihood of transmitting diseases.
WASH THE ATTACHMENT SITE with warm soapy water and rubbing alcohol.
If you want to send the tick off for testing
[Not actually recommended- treat the bite instead]
Eating Wild Game
The Centers for Diseases Control (CDC) says- "You will not get Lyme disease from eating venison or squirrel meat..." We don't believe them 100% because everything they've told us about Lyme disease over the past three decades has been incorrect and there are no studies showing this is true.
Example- the CDC stated Lyme can not be sexually transmitted and still claims this to be true. See- "Another Good Reason To Keep Your Pants On".
Additionally, Lyme disease spirochetes were detected in the Ice Man after 3,500 years, have recently been found in ticks along the Arctic Circle, and stay alive in stored blood from donors. The American Red Cross reported spirochetes survived when temperatures ranged from zero to 75 F degrees, with some spirochetes surviving for at least 45 days in adverse conditions.
Hunters have an increased risk of acquiring infections linked to multiple pathogens. The abstract below describes a study in Germany. Note the number of tick borne and other infections found in the hunter's blood.
Wien Klin Wochenschr. 2003;115 Suppl 3:61-7.
[Sero-epidemiological studies of zoonotic infections in hunters--comparative analysis with veterinarians, farmers, and abattoir workers].
[Article in German]
Fachabteilung 8C - Veterinärwesen beim Amt der Steiermärkischen Landesregierung, Graz. firstname.lastname@example.org
The aim of this study was to investigate seroprevalences to zoonotic pathogens in hunters, to compare the results with other predisposed occupational groups already investigated and to propose preventive measures. Blood samples were taken from 146 male and 3 female hunters from the provinces of Styria and Burgenland in the south-east of Austria and anamnestic data were obtained using a questionnaire.
The serological investigations included the following bacterial, viral and parasitic zoonotic agents or zoonoses, respectively (antibody prevalence rates in brackets): borreliosis (IgG 42%, IgM 7%), brucellosis (1%), chlamydiosis (3%), ehrlichiosis (IgG 15%, IgM 3%), leptospirosis (10%), tularaemia (3%), Q fever (0%), encephalomyocarditis virus (EMCV, 15%), Puumala-Hantavirus (10%), Newcastle Disease virus (4%), Echinococcus multilocularis/E. granulosus (5%/11%), toxocariasis (17%).
Particularly striking in comparison with the control group and the veterinarians, farmers and slaughterhouse workers examined in earlier projects were the high seroprevalences to Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato, Ehrlichia spp., Leptospira interrogans, E. granulosus and E. multilocularis, encephalomyocarditis, Puumala-Hantavirus and Newcastle Disease virus as well as to Brucella abortus and Francisella tularensis. The present study indicates that hunters are especially exposed to zoonotic pathogens.