* PEM Reading List

*REQUIRED READING: ALL ARTICLES LISTED BELOW THAT HAVE ASTERISKS NEXT TO THEM  (all other articles are suggested but optional)


*ALL ARTICLES ARE ACCESSIBLE BY EITHER: 1) A Provided Hyperlink or 2) a PDF attached at the bottom of this page (listed alphabetically)


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SYMPTOMS 

 

ALTE (apparent life-threatening event) >>> BRUE (Brief Resolved Unexplained Event):

*Brief Resolved Unexplained Event (ALTE) and Evaluation of Lower risk Infants. AAP Clinical Practice Guideline 2016.
*ALTE in children: practical evaluation and management. PEM Practice 2014.

-Management of apparent life-threatening events in infants- A Systematic Review. J Pediatrics 2013.

 

Abdominal Pain:

*Pediatric Abdominal Pain: An Emergency Medicine Perspective. EM Clinics of North America 2016.

  

*Evidence-based review of appendicitis in children. Pediatric Emergency Medicine Practice.2012.

Includes MANTRELS(Alvarado) and PAS(Samuel) rules


Appendicitis Clinical Decision Rules: MANTRELS(Alvarado), PAS(Samuel), Low Risk Appendicitis Rule(Kharbanda)
-Does this child have appendicitis? A systematic review of clinical prediction rules for children with acute abdominal pain. J of Clinical Epi 2013.
A Comparison of the "MANTRELS(Alvarado)" and "PAS (Samuel)" scores
-Validation and refinement of a prediction rule to identify children at low risk for appendicitis. Arch Ped Adol Med 2012. 
Validation of the "low risk appendicitis rule (Kharbanda)"

Chest Pain:
-Management of pediatric chest pain using a standardized assessment and management plan.Pediatrics 2011.
 

Crying(Fussy) Infant:

*Systematic approach to the evaluation of  acute unexplained crying in infants in the ED. PEM Practice 2014.

                                                        

-Crying infant- diagnostic testing and frequency of serious underlying disease.Pediatrics 2009.

 

-Colic: the fourth trimester-a framework and strategy for understanding and resolving colic, Contemporary Pediatrics, vol 21(2), 2004. 

 

Fever:

*Management of the Febrile Young Infant: Update for the 21st Century. Ped Emer Care 2017.

https://drive.google.com/file/d/1_YhKspyqBE_PXYjXtbl2z3K24YhABbwh/view?usp=sharing


*Evaluation of the febrile young infant-an update. Pediatric EM Practice Feb 2013.


-ACEP Clinical Policy: Well-Appearing Infants and Children Younger Than 2 Years of Age Presenting to the ED with Fever. Annals of EM 2016.
 
-Pediatric fever of unknown origin. Pediatrics In Review 2015.

-Fever myths - discharge instructions for patients and families
 

Headache:

*Pediatric migraine: abortive management in the ED. Headache 2013.


Jaundice:

*Management of yyperbilirubinemia in the newborn infant 35 or more weeks of gestation.Pediatrics.2004.

 

Limping(Failure to bear weight):

*Limping child.J Pediatric Health Care 2004.

 

Seizure:

*Emergency department management of pediatric seizures. PEM Practice 2015.

 

Sore Throat/Pharygitis:
*Clinical practice guideline for the diagnosis and management of group A streptococcal pharyngitis- 2012 Update by the Infectious Diseases Society of America. Clinical Infectious Disease.

-Accuracy and precision of the signs and symptoms of streptococcal pharyngitis in children- A Systematic Review. J Pediatrics.2012
 
Syncope:
*Syncope In Pediatric Patients: A Practical Approach To Differential Diagnosis And Management In The Emergency Department. PEM Practice 2017.

Vomiting (neonatal):
(see also below under "Fluid Management/Gastroenteritis")
Evidence-Based Management Of Neonatal Vomiting In The Emergency Department. PEM Practice 2014.

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AIRWAY AND RESPIRATORY

 

Anaphylaxis:

*Emergency department diagnosis and treatment of anaphylaxis: a practice parameter. Ann Allergy, Asthma, Imm 2014 (AAAAI and ACAAI Guideline)


Asthma:

*Childhood asthma-a guide for pediatric emergency medicine providers. Emergency Medicine Clinics of North American 2013.
 
-Spacers vs nebulizers for beta-agonist treatment of acute asthma. Cochrane Database Review 2009.

 

-Steroids: dexamethasone for acute asthma exacerbations in children: A Meta-analysis. Pediatrics 2014.

       

Bronchiolitis:

*Viral Bronchiolitis. Lancet 2016.

 AAP Clinical Practice Guideline: The Diagnosis, Management and Prevention of Bronchiolitis 2014.


Croup:

*Evidence-based approach to the evaluation and treatment of croup in children. PEM Practice 2012.
 
Pneumonia:
*Management of community-acquired pneumonia in infants and children older than 3 months of age: clinical practice guidelines by the Pediatirc Infectious Diseases Society and the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA), Clinical Infectious Disease, 2012.
 

Rapid Sequence Inubation and Difficult Airway:

-Evidence-based emergency management of the pediatric airway. PEM Practice, 2013.


Tracheaostomies:

-Multidisciplinary guidelines for the management of paediatric tracheostomy emergencies. Anaesthesia 2018

https://drive.google.com/file/d/1Kg_YyBFIhSn5AUV8sEAg5bXs6uszit_3/view?usp=sharing


Upper Respiratory Infections(viral)/Common Cold:

-Oral antihistamine-decongestant-analgesic combinations for the common cold. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2012.

 

-Duration of symptoms of respiratory tract infections in children: systematic review. BMJ, 2013.


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ABUSE AND NEGLECT

 

Physical Abuse:

*Non-accidental Injury in Pediatric Patients Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment. PEM Practice, July 2017.

-Evaluation of Suspected Child Physical Abuse. AAP Clinical Report. Pediatrics, 2015.
 
-Development of guidelines for skeletal survey in young children with fractures. Pediatrics, 2014.

-Evaluating children with fractures for child physical abuse. AAP Clinical Report. Pediatrics, 2014.

-Evaluation for bleeding disorders in suspected child abuse. AAP Clinical Report. Pediatrics, 2013.

 

Sexual Abuse:

*Evaluation of Children in the Primary Care Setting When Sexual Abuse Is Suspected. AAP Clinical Report, 2015.

 

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CARDIOVASCULAR

Congenital Heart Disease: 

-Congenital Heart Disease In Pediatric Patients: Recognizing The Undiagnosed And Managing Complications In The Emergency Department. PEM Practice 2016.


CPR:

*PALS Guidelines(AHA/ECC), Circulation, 2010.

 

Shock:

*Sepsis and septic shock. Emergency Medicine Clinics of North America 2013.


-Surviving sepsis campaign: international guidelines for management of severe sepsis and septic shock: 2012. Crit Care Med. 2013.

 

 

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ENDOCRINE-METABOLIC


Diabetic Ketoacidosis:

-DKA in the pediatric ED. Emergency Medicine Clinics of North America 2013.


Inborn Errors of Metabolism:

-Inborn Errors of Metabolism in the Emergency Department. Emergency Medicine Clinics of North America 2018.

https://drive.google.com/file/d/1JmIZlbb7WWh3mNFzE56HGj0a8RG3nwsv/view?usp=sharing


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 INFECTIOUS DISEASE (see above under 'Airway and Respiratory' for respiratory infections)

 

Abscesses and Cellulitis:

*Evidence-based management of skin and soft-tissue infections in pediatric patients in the emergency department. PEM Practice 2015. 


-Practice Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Management of Skin and Soft Tissue Infections. 2014 Update by the Infectious Diseases Society of America. Clinical Infectious Disease 2014.


Bone and Joint Infx:

-Acute Osteomyelitis in Children. NEJM. 2014.

(For septic arthritis discussion, see below under "musculoskeletal" section)

 

Meningitis:

-Clinical prediction rule for identifying children with cerebrospinal fluid pleocytosis at very low risk of bacterial meningitis.JAMA.2007.

 

Otitis Media:

*AAP Clinical Practice Guideline-The Diagnosis and management of acute otitis media. Pediatrics 2013.

-An evidence-based approach to managing acute otitis media. PEM Practice 2013.
 

UTI:

*UTI-Clinical Practice Guideline for the dx and mgx of Initial UTI in febrile infants and children 2-24 months. Pediatrics.2011

-Febrile UTIs in children, NEJM, 2011.

 


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RENAL/FLUID MANAGEMENT


Acute Kidney Injury: 

Acute Kidney Injury in Pediatric Patients: Diagnosis and Management in the Emergency Department. PEM Practice 2017.


Fluid Management/Gastroenteritis:

*Acute Gastroenteritis Evidence-Based Management of Pediatric Patients.PEMPractice 2018

https://drive.google.com/file/d/1xY5Wf9PvRfKIrxehIeMzkk86ZZ7XOOZ3/view?usp=sharing


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 SEDATION and ANALGESIA (Procedural Sedation and Analgesia-PSA)

 

Review:

-Managing Procedural Anxiety in Children (Videos in Clinical Medicine). NEJM 2016

Link to video: http://www.nejm.org.offcampus.lib.washington.edu/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMvcm1411127


-Evidence-based approach to pediatric procedural sedation. PEM Practice.2012

 

Adverse Events:

-Incidence and nature of adverse events during pediatric sedation/anesthesia for procedures outside the operating room report from the Pediatric Sedation Research Consortium.Pediatrics.2006.


 

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 TRAUMA                                     


Pediatric Trauma Modules (Harborview Medical Center)  http://depts.washington.edu/pedtraum/#


Blunt Trauma Overview:

-Management of Multiply Injured Pediatric Trauma Patients in the Emergency Department. PEM Practice June 2018

https://drive.google.com/file/d/1mR7Zh6tfMOu86UXF6t8qMsoHCTawYCXh/view?usp=sharing

-Diagnosis and mgx of motor vehicular trauma in children. an evidence-based review. Pediatric Emergency Medicine Practice 2013.


Abdominal Trauma:

*Evaluation and management of pediatric abdominal trauma.Pediatric Emergency Medicine Practice.2008.

 
-Identifying children at very low risk of clinically important blunt abdominal injuries. Annals of EM Feb 2013.

Dental:

-ED Mgx of Dental Trauma. Recommendations for improved outcomes in peds patients. PEM Practice.2018

https://drive.google.com/file/d/1R94YE7lBGNUtkUORSSkiWKndelkEkvTg/view?usp=sharing


Burns:

*Optimizing Emergency Mgx to Reduce Morbidity and Mortality in Pediatric Burn Patients.PEM Practice 2015.


-Optimal treatment of partial thickness burns in children.systematic review.Burns 2014.


-Dressings for superficial and partial thickness burns.Cochrane Review 2013.


Head Trauma:
-Severe traumatic brain injury in children. An evidence-based review of emergency department management. PEM Practice, 2016.

*Evidence based assessment and management of pediatric mild traumatic brain injury. Pediatric EM Practice, 2011. 

*Identification of children at very low risk of clinically important brain injuries after head trauma a prospective cohort study. Lancet, Sept.2009.

-Do children with blunt head trauma and normal cranial computed tomography scan results require hospitalization for neurologic observation? Ann EM, 2011.

-Guidelines-consensus statement on concussion in sport-The 4th international conference on concussion in sport held in Zurich, 2012. BMJ 2013.
 

Musculoskeletal:

*Emergency Department Evaluation and Treatment of Pediatric Orthopedic Injuries. Emergency Medicine Clinics of North America 2015.

(Includes SCIFE and septic arthritis discussions)


Wound (laceration) Management:
Pediatric Wound Care and Management in the Emergency Department. PEM Practice, 2017.

https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B0Dh6cGeSYi1VEk3UGNrQnpZd00/view?usp=sharing


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TOXICOLOGY

-Pediatric ingestions: ED management. PEM Practice 2016.

-Cold and cough medications for children. dangerous and OTC. Clinical PEM 12.2012


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ULTRASOUND (POINT OF CARE)

-Diagnostic Emergency Ultrasound: Assessment Techniques In the Pediatric Patient. PEM Practice 2016.


-Point-of-Care-Ultrasound in Pediatric Clinical Care. JAMA Peds 2015. 


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MISCELLANEOUS

Education:
-What's the Story? expectations for oral case presentations. Pediatrics July 2012.
 
 
 
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ONLINE RESOURCES

www.pemdatabase.org

www.pemfellows.com

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
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jeff blake,
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jeff blake,
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jeff blake,
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jeff blake,
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