U.S. Guidelines

Photo: 7th Missouri State Militia Cavalry

3rd Missouri State Militia Cavalry Impression Guidelines

The Missouri State Militia was created by Provisional Governor Hamilton Rowan Gamble on November 6, 1861. Under an agreement with President Lincoln, the militia would be equipped by the Federal government, but all militia appointments would be made by the Governor’s office. Additionally, militia units would be placed within the U.S. Army chain of command and subject to orders from Federal officers only in direct defense of the state within the borders of Missouri. The primary mission for all of these units was operations against irregulars and guerillas. 

Organized in Louisiana, Missouri on May 5, 1862, the 3rd initially designated the 10th Missouri State Militia Cavalry. Unable to maintain the required level of recruits, the 10th was consolidated renamed the 3rd Missouri State Militia Cavalry replacing the previous 3rd on February 6, 1863. Colonel Richard G. Woodson (previously of the 10th) took charge of the new unit. Ordered to Pilot Knob and Patterson in March 1863, the 3rd was directly in the path of Marmaduke’s incoming raiders.

Note on Impression Guidelines: Evidence suggests that the 3rd was armed with a variety of weapons, including infantry rifle-muskets. This suggests that, while mounted, many times companies of the 3rd fought on foot. Therefore, while we would like to get a company of men with mounts, these guidelines will be primary aimed at those serving as infantry.

3rd Missouri State Militia Guidelines

All clothing and accoutrements should be of period patterns and materials. Those in need of corrective eye vision wear should use period spectacles, contacts, or go without for the duration of the event. Modern medicine should be stowed in period containters.

Weapons

All reproduction weapons should be “defarbed” with modern markings removed. Originals should be clean and in good working order.

1st Choice: .69 caliber conversion musket (US M1816/22, US M1842, etc.)

2nd Choice: .58/.577 caliber rifle-musket (US M1861, British Pattern 1853 Enfield, Austrian Lorenz, etc.)

Note: In addition to Rifle Muskets, The 3rd Missouri also had Halls Rifles and Colt Revolving Rifles (possibly .52 cal).  The Missouri Militia units seemed to get the supplies that other departments had rejected.

Note for Mounted Men

As noted above, evidence suggests that the 3rd was armed with a variety of weapons, but was in need of more modern carbines (an Inspector General report specifically sites this as a pressing need). Therefore, if you have an early war rifle or carbine (something other than a Sharps or Spencer carbine), that would be a higher priority. Cavalry sabers for mounted men (such as the pattern 1840 or 1860 saber) are also acceptable. Obviously the appropriate accoutrements should be carried for each.

...AND BRING YOUR COGGINS PAPERS!

Clothing

All clothing should be of correct patterns and materials.

Jacket

1. Fatigue blouse (“sack coat”)

2. Infantry jacket, Mounted jacket, or state jacket

3. Uniform coat (“frock coat”)

Trowsers

1. Foot pattern

2. Mounted pattern

3. Civilian pattern

Note: Confederate Lt. Buck Walton described an incident during the fight north of Patterson in which a pro-union man was shot attempting to pass out of his line.  He was described as wearing homespun. Mistaking the man as being one of his own, he tried to prevent a member of his company from shooting the man but was informed that he was actually on the other side. 

Shirt

1. Issue shirt (US or contract variant patterns acceptable)

2. Civilian shirt

 

Drawers

1. Period military or civilian pattern

2. Go without

Socks

1. Cotton or wool, hand knit or period machine sewn.

Shoes

1. US Jefferson Bootees

2. Boots of a period pattern (military or civilian)

2. Civilian pattern shoes

Headgear

1. US Pattern 1858 Dress Hat (undecorated)

2. US Forage Cap

3. Civilian pattern hat

Accoutrements

Waist Belt

1. Pattern 1856 - standing sewn leather keeper preferred

Cartridge Box

1. Patterns of 1857, 1861 (both for .58 and .69 caliber) acceptable.

Cartridge Box Belt

1. Bridle leather, dyed black, with or without round eagle plate

Please note: As this is a mounted impression, cartridge boxes may be worn on the waist belt without a cartridge box belt.

Cap Box

1. Pattern 1850 Cap Box

Bayonet Scabbard

1. Early war, “Gaylord” US pattern two rivet sewn style

Please note: Again, since this is a mounted impression, bayonets and bayonet scabbards are optional

Haversack

1. U.S. Pattern 1851 Haversack

Canteen

1. Pattern 1858 Smoothside Canteen

 

Ground Cloth

1. U.S. Issue Rubber Blanket or Poncho (we will accept both)

2. Civilian pattern painted or oil cloth

Blanket

1. U.S. Issue Blanket. Must be of a documented pattern. Can be either the gray or brown issue wool blanket with black/bown woven end stripes.

 

Note: Ground Cloths and Blankets should be carried in a blanket roll. If you must have a knapsack, the US pattern 1855 doublebag knapsack will be allowed as an alternative

 

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