Non Projected Visuals


Many types of non-projected media can make your instruction more realistic and engaging. Posters, cartoons, charts, pictures and graphs and what students produced by themselves can provide powerful visual support for learning abstract ideas. The non-projected media can be presented in the classroom or used as a part of a class activity. No need to use equipment for observation, so non-projected visuals are easy to use.

Outline                                        

 

●● Introduction

●●Visuals in the classroom

●● Using projected visuals in the classroom

 ●● Presentation software

●● Using digital images in the classroom

●● Using document cameras in the classroom

●● Overhead projector

 

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There are six types of non projected visuals commonly found in the classroom:

1) drawings 2) diagrams and sketches  3)Posters  4) Cartoons 5) Charts  6) Graphs.

 

* Still pictures:  

Still pictures are photographs to characterize people, places and things. They are readily available in books, magazines, newspapers, catalogs, postcards, and calendars.

Using still pictures can suggest motion. You may use photographs in many different ways.You should be sure that your students should understand textbook pictures are not decoration but are aimed to be study aids and also should be used .You should motivate learners to use still pictures .They are important factors.

 

* Drawings

Drawings are readily found in the textbooks and other classroom materials. Sketches and diagrams employ the graphic arrangement of lines to represent persons, places, things and ideas. Your students can use computer-based programmes for layout, design, and illustration. They can use Apple –works and Photoshop.

 

 Drawings

Using non-projected visuals

 Teachers can use these for learners of all ages. They can involve groups to work collaboratively to prepare a presentation, with drawings and charts.

 ▪There are many types of different charts: Organization charts, Classification charts, Time lines, Tabular charts, and Flowcharts.

 There are many types of graphs: Bar graphs, Pictorial graphs, Circle graphs, Line graphs.

 

Posters

Posters are easy to produce .They are used to catch and hold the viewer's attention at least long enough to communicate a brief message quickly for a new topic or a special event.

 

Cartoons

Cartoons are very popular and familiar visual design. Cartoons are also easily and quickly read and appeal to learners of all ages. You can use cartoons to reinforce a point of instruction.

 

**Limitation

 -Durability: It is easy to damage with regular learner use it.

There is a problem to keep non-projected visuals- Storage.

 -May be too small for group viewing: non-projected visuals are not suitable for use for group because they are small.

 

**Using non projected visuals in the classroom

 1.Use visuals whenever possible to demonstrate ideas.

 2.Present a single idea in each visual. Break down complex visuals into simpler ones or build them up step-by-step.

 3.Minimize text on each visual; maximum of six words per line and six lines per visual.

 4.Cover irrelevant material with plain paper.

 5.Use just one visual at time.

6.Teach your learners to understand visuals

 7.Provide written cues to highlighted important information contained in the visuals.

 Advantages

* Readily available   * Inexpensive  * No equipment required

* Easy to use           * Available for all levels of instruction

* Available for all disciplines   * Simplification of complex ideas.